27th March 2017

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27thMarch 2017

CivilRight Movements

CivilRights issues related to African Americans

TheSupreme Court decision in 1954 outlawed segregated education andclimaxed in the late 1970s (Lee,2014). The group incorporated both the ad hoc groups and civil rightgroups like the National Association for Advancement of ColouredPeople, the Southern Christian Leadership Conference and Congress ofRacial Equality. Although these groups were not united around atactic and formidable strategy, the movement nevertheless workedtogether synergically and with one particular aim of doing away withthe Jim Crow system exclusion and reforms of some of the worstdiscrimination practices in the United States of America. Themovement of men and women, most of them young people moved across thenation, as the whole state of America absorbed the images of thesepeople dedicated, disciplined and hopeful sharing their destinies.The people were met with general ambivalence, hostility, andindifference from the general public as well as police and mobviolence. On the other hand, the black Africans fought back withprotests together with political inclusion, such a drives on voterregistration.

CivilRight issues related to Hispanics

Thepopulation of the Hispanics continuously grew in the early 20thcentury as a result of immigration. They took the struggle to fightand struggle to expand civil rights, economic and equity in politics.In 1942 many young people went to war, and the US needed cheaplabour. The US came up with the bracero program that admittedthousands of Mexicans to do seasonal jobs in Agriculture. Later in1953, the government did Operation Wetback that deported Mexicansback to Mexico. Over 3.8 million were deported through this program.Before this, through the push-pull immigration policy, the Hispanicsfaced resistance, discrimination, and violence. They formed unions tohelp them fight against injustice. The League of United HispanicAmerican Citizens also welcomed them with the aim of fightinginjustice as racism as the racially marginalized West Coastinstitutions and selective discrimination on hiring at railroads(Lee,2014). In 1960, the Hispanics made their fight for equality modellingtheir struggles and fights for civil rights. The Hispanics andLatinos activists also did push for educational institutions toinclude Hispanics and Latino contributions discussions in US history.Throughout the 1960s, the Mexican-Americans and Latino-Americanshistory faculties allowed at the major universities. Later on, in1972, the Hispanic and Latino societies formalized their activism. Inthe 1975, the 1965 the bill on the rights to vote got an extension tothe parts of the Southwest and this guaranteed the Hispanic andLatino Americans similar and equal opportunity to register andsubsequently vote.

CivilRight Issues related to women

Thereis a wide, and vast history of American Women`s Right Movementexperienced 1848-1920. The timelines cover the year`s famed womenrights conventions in Seneca Falls in New York, and this led to theformation of the Countrywide American Woman Suffrage Association, andthis gave the women the rights to vote. In 1848, the initial women`srights movement happened in Seneca Falls. Two days later, throughdebate and deliberations, 32 men and 68 women appended theDeclaration of equality. This set a schema for the women rights. The12 resolution was adopted, and this gave them rights for equaltreatment of the women. In 1850 the initial convention of WomenRights happened in Worcester, and this brought together more than1000 individuals. After that, other women movements gave rights towomen. For instance, Colorado was the first state to adopt theconstitutional amendment that granted women rights to vote. Afterthat, Idaho and Utah followed suit in 1896, California 1911, Kansasand Arizona in 1912 and other states in preceding years. The women,therefore, had equal rights to participate in elections like men.


Lee,Sonia S.-H.&nbspBuildinga Latino Civil Rights Movement: Puerto Ricans, African Americans, andthe Pursuit of Racial Justice in New York City., 2014. Print.