A Research Paper on Criminals

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AResearch Paper on Criminals

AResearch Paper on Criminals

Froma legal point of view, criminals are persons who are found guilty bya court of violating the governing law of a particular state. Anindividual who is arrested by the law enforcement officers but is notconvicted by the court cannot be categorized or treated as acriminal. This is to say that the word Criminal cannot be used topeople who are not found to have committed any crimes. Nonetheless,there have been a lot of debates on the failure of the law to pointout when the criminal status of a person ends and when it begins. Asa result of this, even after the imprisonment period imposed on acriminal is completed, the society fails to erase the label ofcriminal and the victim is constantly reminded that he or she is acriminal. Probably the reason why there have been a lot of peoplespecializing in the study of criminology. Criminology is thesubdivision of sociology and also the understanding of crime, societyreactions to it, as well as its prevention (Veresha, 2017). Thisresearch paper will seek to ascertain the primary cause of theoffense in conjunction with its compelling relationship with poverty.

ProblemDefinition

Everystate in the entire world has some social issues affecting them thatneeds to be improved. One of these problems that are prevalent inevery country is the crime. When you hear of the word crime andcriminals, you might be drowned to think of the most dangerouslooking characters you see being acted in the movies. However, thereare criminals like these in real life, and we constantly read aboutthem and their criminal activities every other day in the newspaper.Therefore, crime is any action which violates the law or fails toadhere to some requirements of the law (Veresha, 2017). Based onthis perspective, any person found smoking on a bus are does notfollow the traffic regulations is guilty of committing a crime. Thesepetty crimes are known as Misdemeanors while the serious crimes arereferred as felonies. Notably, felonies comprise of all criminalactivities that are punishable by more than one year in jail.

ResearchQuestions

Variousquestions need to be addressed regarding the matters of crime.However, before highlighting on some of the pressing questions onthis topic, it is vital to note that, when it comes to being regardedas a criminal, it does not count how many times one has committed theoffense (Adams, 2015). What matters in the whole discussion is thatyou have disobeyed the law of the land. Such crimes that qualify oneto be a criminal include, murder, violence, theft among others. Onemay wonder what crime is. What are the main causes of crime and howcan they be eradicated? Are there different types of crimes? Why somepeople are prone to be criminals, and others don’t? Is it as aresult of inheritance genes from relatives or it out of anindividual’s will to become a criminal? These and other issuebrought up in this section are some of the key things that resultedto fiery squabbles from the topic of Criminology. These arguments arebrought up in the process of discovering the causes of criminalbehaviors in our countries as well as ways of dealing with suchcriminal acts in our society today. This work will seek to bring outsome of the answers to these questions.

StudyPurpose

Criminalsthreaten the security and stability of persons and the society as awhole. Through the various approaches of trying to understand thenature of the crime and the ways of managing it, this has caused alot of debate. We regularly read about the senseless acts innewspaper splashed all over. Therefore, the primary intention of thiswork is to try and ascertain what crime is and the main causes ofthese inhuman behaviors. Consequently, it is through learning orunderstanding of the problem that one can provide possible solutionsthat can minimize or reduce crime acts in our societies today (Stacy&amp Pendall, 2017). Moreover, this research work will helpscholars, law enforcement officers and the criminal justiceprofessionals to identify what can boost or help in crime prevention,law enforcements, and corrections amongst other related subjects.

LiteratureReview

Severalcriminologists term crime as one of the various forms ofdisobedience, which also brings out conflicting theories. Someunderstand crime to be a form of anomic behaviors while otherconsider it to be a more intelligent response to social conditions,social order breakdown or even stress. Notably, cultures and valuesdiffer in societies (Matsumoto &amp Hwang, 2015). Therefore, what isconsidered as criminal may also vary depending on a certain communityalthough in most cases societies have restrictive laws in theprevention of crimes.

Thereare various forms of crimes. They include crimes of murder, one ofthe most dangerous and major crimes that have been witnessed for along period and it is mainly carried out by gang members (Pinotti,2015). The other type of crime is violence, which is committedagainst individuals. Property theft and stealing is another form ofviolence which is very common in our societies (Byrne &amp Hummer,2016). There are also aggravated assault types of crime that entailany kind of physical injury that is committed with the intentions ofharming someone.

Thereare various causes of these crimes that need to be addressed. Forinstance, the prime reason that needs to be noted is high povertylevels that lead to the rise of young criminals. Various young lawoffenders come from families where there is no parental care.Insuch households, the parent may not get along so well with theirchildren, and there is little concern for the well-being andeducation of their children (Eriksson, et al., 2016). Evidently,criminals are highly concentrated in the slum areas mainly in thecity where less fortunate families reside. Some become criminals sothat they can get out of the society they are living in such as harshconditions in slums (Stults &amp Hasbrouck, 2015). On the otherhand, others indulge in crime acts as their means of survival forinstance through stealing, while others are simply in search ofthrills and adventures. The reason why some individuals tend to takepart in crime activities mostly is because most of them are under theinfluence of drugs. Alcohol and drugs contribute to crime that is whythe sale of beverages to persons under 18 or 21 years is illegal invarious communities.

Someof the measures that can be taken to eradicate or reduce crime actsin the society are education. It is essentials for criminals to beeducated on job skills which can help them to easily get employmentopportunities instead of indulging in crime acts (Baumann &ampFriehe, 2014). This implies that they can stable incomes to improvetheir lives. Additionally, they should be taught on the need to havegood morals in the society. The second solution is proper townplanning. Towns should receive aid from the government so that theycan establish companies or recreational facilities such as parks andeven houses for people. In that persons will feel better when stayingin their town and work to keep their minds off crime.

BiologicalTheory of Crime

AnItalian criminologist, Cesare Lombroso, opposed the notion that crimeis based on human nature. Instead, he argued that criminalitygenetically inherited. From this perception, he came up with a theoryof deviance that an individual’s appearance reveals whether anindividual is born a criminal or not (Tomlinson, 2016). Critically,the inborn criminals are a reflection of an ancient stage of humandevelopment with the bodily constitution, mental capabilities as wellas instincts of primitive man. In the developing of his theory,Lombroso keenly observed the physical appearance of Italian criminalswho were imprisoned and compared them to those of Italian lawenforcers. He arrived at a conclusion that the prisoner’s physicalappearance was different hence the use of physical appearance indetermining whether one is born a criminal.

Methodology

Themethod utilized in the collection of the information identified inthis work was the questionnaire. This is where by I generated seriesof questions and prompts with the aim of collecting information fromthe respondents. The respondents were above eighteen years comingfrom different locations but mostly from the slum areas. Some of thequestions I proposed were if they knew what crime was? How often arecrime cases reported? Why do people become criminals? What do youthink needs to be done?

Limitations

Oneof the main limitations was, a lot of my respondents did not want torespond to my questions. They had fears that I was maybe going toarrest them if they did not give any information. There were nosufficient number of responses in some places, and I was also tiredsince I had to walk long distances looking for respondents.

Conclusion

Tosum up, Crime is a dangerous problem with adverse effects on thesociety. It is for everyone’s benefit that we should condemn allcrimes being committed in our societies. In that, means being appliedby the legislatures and law enforcements officers to prevent crimesneeds to be more effective since crimes destruct the public happinessand safety. There has to be a balance between the punishment andcrimes committed. Consequently, if an equal punishment is set for twocrimes, this will cause a negative effect on the society since therewill be nothing to deter criminals with their acts. The otherpossible solution is educating the criminals and town developmentwhich will improve the way of living to the people.

References

Adams,M. (2015). The Criminologists` Imagination: C. Wright Mills and theLegacy of Subjectivity.&nbspAcademicQuestions,&nbsp28(2),195-206.&nbsp

Baumann,F., &amp Friehe, T. (2014). Regulating harmless activity to fightcrime.&nbspJournalof Economics,&nbsp113(1),79-95

Byrne,J., &amp Hummer, D. (2016). An Examination of the Impact ofCriminological Theory on Community Corrections Practice.&nbspFederalProbation,&nbsp80(3),15-25.

Eriksson,K., Hjalmarsson, R., Lindquist, M., &amp Sandberg, A. (2016). Theimportance of family background and neighborhood effects asdeterminants of crime.&nbspJournalof Population Economics,&nbsp29(1),219-262

Matsumoto,D., &amp Hwang, H. C. (2015). Emotional reactions to crime acrosscultures.&nbspInternationalJournal of Psychology,&nbsp50(5),327-335

Pinotti,P. (2015). The Causes and Consequences of Organized Crime:Preliminary Evidence across Countries.&nbspEconomicJournal,&nbsp125(586

Stults,B., &amp Hasbrouck, M. (2015). The Effect of Commuting on City-LevelCrime Rates.&nbspJournalof Quantitative Criminology,&nbsp31(2),331-350

Stacy,C. P., &amp Pendall, R. (2017). Neighborhood‐leveleconomic activity and crime.&nbspJournalof Urban Affairs,&nbsp39(2),225-240.

Tomlinson,K. D. (2016). An Examination of Deterrence Theory: Where Do WeStand?&nbspFederalProbation,&nbsp80(3), 33-38.

Veresha,R. (2017). Criminal and legal characteristics of criminalintent.&nbspJournalof Financial Crime,&nbsp24(1),118-128.&nbsp