In the mostwestern democracies, the constitution legalizes abortion. People whochampioned abortion (pro-choice) argued that governments should notpolice the woman body. In other words, any woman should have theright to choose and decide what happens to their body (Weingarten,2014). The pro-choice argument is based on feminism (Connor, 2016).The idea that laws are made to favor men, and therefore, thegovernment should proactively guard the interests and rights of thewomen. The pro-life on the other hand base their argument on onebelief, the sanctity of life. The paper will compare and contrastopinions given by the pro-choice and pro-lifers regarding abortion.
The debate aboutabortion looks at two things, law, and politics. The law is thequestion of whether abortion should be legalized or not (Weingarten,2014). The political issue focuses on influencing public opinionconcerning abortion. In many states across the United States,abortion is legal. However, each state is supposed to make lawscontrol of abortion (Connor, 2016). Therefore, even in the UnitedStates, access to abortion facilities varies. Many authors writingabout abortion focuses on three things, ethics, law, and religion.
Prochoice arguesthat a fetus is not a person and therefore does not have any rights.The bill of rights informs the argument by the pro-life. TheConstitution provides fundamental rights that cannot be alienatedfrom any human beings (Weingarten, 2014). One such freedom is theright to life. The question is whether the provisions of theConstitution cover the fetus.
The pro-lifeargues that life starts at the conception. The fetus is alive, andthat makes it a person. Therefore, terminating the life of the fetusconstitutes murder, those committing abortion should be charged(Connor, 2016).
Another stickingpoint between the pro-life and the pro-choice is about theobligations of the woman to the fetus. Pro-lifers argue that a womanhas an ethical obligation to the fetus for two reasons. First, thefemale consented to have sex. Therefore, she a new having a life growinside her was a likely outcome of the act (Weingarten, 2014).Secondly, the female was aware of birth control methods(contraceptives). However, for some reason, the woman disregards allthese preventive measures and becomes pregnant. Therefore, the femalehas an obligation to carry the pregnancy to term (Connor, 2016). Onthe other hand, the pro-choice defend their action based on autonomy.Furthermore, they claim the fetus is not a person, and they do nothave any obligation to care for it. Ultimately, the woman should bethe one to decide what to do with her body.
Another argumentis the obligation of the female to the male. Pregnancy occurs throughthe involvement of the father and mother. The opinion of the fatherneeds to be respected sought before any abortion is carried out(Weingarten, 2014). The pro-choice argue this is the main point whyabortion should be legal, to stop men dominance over women.
Both thepro-life and pro-choice agree that abortion should be an option whenthe life of the mother is at risk. Similarly, they also agree on thesanctity of life (Connor, 2016). Neither side endorses the idea ofmurder. In another word, the pro-choice do not consider their actionsto constitute murder. In addition, there is agreement that fetaltissues should not be sold for profits (Weingarten, 2014).
Legalization ofthe abortion is meant to help in two ways. First is to give womenmore control over their body. The second reason is to give access tohealth facilities to women wishing to have an abortion. In otherwords, to eliminate the risks associated with illegal abortion.
Connor, C. B. (2016). Juxtaposing Sexist and FeministUnderstandings of Pro-Life: An Analysis of Reproductive RightsRhetoric. Inquiries Journal, 8(12).
Weingarten, K. (2014). Abortion in the American imagination:before life and choice, 1880-1940. Rutgers University Press.