AirPollution in Alberta Canada
Therehas been evidence which links air pollution to emergency room visitsor hospital admission as a result of myocardial infraction. Accordingto Wang, Kindzierski & Kaul, (2015), there are various airpollutants like CO, NO, NO2, O3 which affect the people of Alberta.This research paper will conduct a social analysis of air pollutionin Alberta using the Triangle Model of Social Analysis which hasthree different levels: individual, structures and ideologies.
Asa result of the air pollution in Alberta, there has been increasedcases of hospitalization of individuals in the city as a result ofAMI (acute myocardial infarction) (Wang, Kindzierski & Kaul,2015). The increased cases of hospitalization has led to individualspaying high medical bills, which augments their unplanned expenses.In addition, their level of economic output is mitigated due toincreased cases of hospitalization as a result of the air pollution.People may end up dying in some cases of AMI during treatment. Inaddition to the AMI, there are other diseases that people may sufferfrom as a result of air pollution in Alberta. The pollution candamage the immune system, reproductive system and the endocrinesystem. There may also be the risk of coughing and wheezing among theindividuals living in the city (Lave & Seskin, 2013). Lungproblems are also persistent due to the inhalation of gases andindividuals may suffer from respiratory inflammation. Consequently,individuals may suffer from asthma in addition to other respiratorydiseases.
Dueto increased cases of hospitalization, as a result of patientssuffering from AMI, the hospitals in Alberta are under pressure asthey try to ensure that all the patients get viable and adequatemedical care. There is also the risk of increased cases of peoplebeing hospitalized as a result of air pollution. Such an occurrencemeans that hospitals and their resources will be overused, which maylead to some patients not receiving viable medical treatment. Itmeans that hospital staff will be much busier due to an increase inthe admission cases (Stanhope& Lancaster, 2014).This may lead to fatigue indicating that they may not operate attheir optimum or desired level when dealing with patients.
Airpollution and its impact on health varies from one individual toanother in Alberta. One factor is that of age, where the elderly aremore prone to health issue when exposed to air pollution incomparison to the young people. Children are also more prone tohospitalization after being diagnosed with AMI in comparison toadults. The nature of occupation of individuals also impacts thehealth risk of individuals as a result of air pollution. Forinstance, factory workers are more prone to health issues due totheir close proximity to air pollution in comparison to individualsworking in offices (Lave & Seskin, 2013).
Recommendationfor social action
TheAlberta government should work with other partners to ensure thatstrategies are successfully implemented to ensure that the airremains clean. Through the collaboration with other partners, therewill be the use of innovative tools, and viable use of emissioncontrol technology.
Secondly,regulatory approvals should be undertaken to ensure theimplementation of industrial air quality management system. Thisshould be undertaken to ensure operational parameters and proceduresare implemented to mitigate pollution, source emission limits, andenvironmental monitoring and reporting to ensure that the emissioninventory data is well documented.
Lave,L. B., & Seskin, B. (2013). AirPollution and Human Health. NewYork: Routledge.
Stanhope,M., & Lancaster, J. (2014). Foundationsof nursing in the community: Community-
orientedpractice.St. Louis, Missouri: Elsevier/Mosby
Wang,X., Kindzierski, W., & Kaul, P. (2015). Comparison of transientassociations of air pollution and AMI hospitalization in two citiesof Alberta, Canada, using a case-crossover design. BMJOpen,5: doi:10.1136/bmjopen-2015-009169