Airlinedisasters have been a common occurrence since the beginning of theaviation industry in the world. Most of the disasters have beenoccasioned by technical issues, vagaries of weather and also mistakesby the crew members among other factors. It is in this regard thatthe essay will give an insight on just three major disasters thathave occurred in the past.
Tenerife,Canary Island 1977 Disaster
TheTenerife disasters occurred in a runway of Los Rodeos Airport whentwo Boeing 747 aircrafts, Pan Am Flight and the KLM Royal DutchAirline collided. The initial mistake was from the air trafficcontrollers who directed the flights to the Los Rodeos Airport whichhad a single runway and taxiway resulting to the large airplanesoccupying most of the space. However, plans to handle the situationbecame complicated due to fog. The airport did not have the groundradar system, making the controllers to rely on the radiotransmission to locate the airplanes.
Thepilot of the KLM was also to blame for failing to wait for clearancefrom the clearance from the air traffic control. He was convincedthat everything was set hence he did not need any authorization totake off. However, there were no reported conflicts between the crewmembers and the air controllers.
Therewere no major international differences in the training or standardprocedures that can be attributed to the Tenerife disaster. However,the seemingly heavy accent ad terminologies between the Spanish aircontrollers and the KLM crew was a major concern.
Toavert the accident, the air controllers should have noted that therewas no enough space at the Los Rodeos airport. In so doing, theycould have directed the aircrafts to the airports which are deemed tobe safe.
Cultureplayed a significant role in the disaster as the crew members of KLMdisaster lacked proficiency in English the language that is commonlyused in the aviation industry.
TheSpanish government came up with the ground radar system at theairport to curb such disasters. Tenerife South Airport was made in anIsland to serve the overwhelming number of tourist flights.
AirFrance Flight 447 Disaster
TheAir France disaster into the Atlantic Ocean is one of the majordisasters to happen. It is reported that the airline disappearedsuddenly and there was no communication with the air traffic control. The pilots had lost the crucial speed data which is essential intracking the speed of the jet. The speeds of the plane were confusingto the pilots and it stalled when it went over 38,000 feet high.
Thecrash was occasioned by the reaction of the pilots who responded bypulling down the nose as they tried to control the speed of theplane. The pilots were highly fatigued for the lack of enough rest, areason that could have been the cause of their reaction.
Thecrew members did not have any form of conflicts within themselvesdespite the fact that they did not coordinate well to take control ofthe aircraft. Since there were storms experienced on their way toFrance, they ought to have worked together closely to save the plane.
Therewere instances in which differences in training would have led to thedisaster. For instance, when the automated system shut off, thepilots were left stranded not to know which step to take.
Thecrew would have used the mechanisms they were accustomed to takecontrol of the aircraft. They were ill-equipped and had no skillsand necessary to handle the plane in such a situation.
Thepilots had a culture that did not encourage teamwork, leading to thedisaster. Collaboration and coordination are efficient and paramountfor the crew of the aircraft, in maximizing the level of service.
Toavert such occurrences in the future, Air France has embarked onreplacing all the pitots in the airplanes with new andtechnologically advanced pitot.
SingaporeAirlines Flight 006 Disaster
Thisflight occurred at the Chiang Kai-Shek Airport on a runway that wasunder renovation on 31st Oct 2000. The air traffic controllers wereaware of the renovations that were taking place at the runway 05R but never informed the crew of Boeing 747-412.As a result, thelane did not manage to take off, it went up in flames, leading to theloss of 79 people and causing injuries to over 85 others.
Theaccident was a result of the crew members taking the wrong turn asthe aircraft was about to take off from the airport. They had nottaken their time to review the route they would take, to ascertainthat it was evident.
Therewas virtually no incident of conflicts between the crew members asthe accident was caused by their failure to review the route.
Therewere no any reported incidences of differences in training andregulations involved. The problems were as a result of the personalerror on the part of the pilot.
Toavert the disaster, the crew would have taken their time to reviewroute 05R to ensure that it was safe. They ought to have found outfrom the air control department on the best route to take.
Theculture of the cockpit played a significant part in causing thedisaster, as the pilot was overly impatience because he tried to takeoff without ensuring that the runway was clear.
SingaporeAirlines has been steadfast in ensuring that the airports are up tothe required standards. It is focused on monitoring the conditions ofthe airports more regularly.
Whenfaced with difficult flight situations I would ensure that I reportthe issues to the relevant departments and do whatever I would withinmy capabilities to prevent the occurrence of such accidents. I wouldalso take critical measures to verify that everything is in order inthe plane before embarking on a flight.