Americaafter WW II
Americaafter WW II
Theaftermath of World War II was clear in most countries around theworld. That being said, the United States was no exception from theeffects that the conflict had on the economy, social life, andpolitical settings. Americas experienced both positive and negativeimpacts of the war. The results ranged from a boosted economy andincreased job opportunities to a negative influence on racialequality. America attributes much of its earned revenues during thatperiod to the end of the war. Evidently, many people in the UnitedStates were seen to engage in increased industrial activities overthe time. The current paper seeks to explain the effects that WW IIhad on the economic, social, and cultural life of the Americans byhighlighting both positive and negative influences that it introducedin the country.
Firstof all, the war created many job opportunities for the Americanpeople as the industries demanded a large workforce, which in turn,meant a move into the urban industrial areas where individuals couldfind employment. The end of the WW II had a noticeable effect asAmericans moved from the cities to residential areas located awayfrom city centers, an aspect known as suburbanization (Zinn, 2012).The continuous efficiency of the transport sector accelerated thismove since people could still access the cities without necessarilyliving there. The upper middle-class and those with money preferredto make progress into the country because they had enough money toaccess both sides of the urban and country life (Zinn, 2012).
Furthermore,the introduction of the GI bill after the end of WW II, which coveredthe large numbers of members of the armed forces from the war witheducational entitlements and house benefits, increased the number ofprofessionals in America. The change consequently led to a rise offamilies that had a generation of children who grew up valuingeducation and were in need of low-cost housing (Goodwin, 2013).Though there were federal household loans offered to the urbandwellers, shortages in houses in the cities sent people into thesuburbs, which increased the level of suburbanization in America.
Additionally,the growth of the automobile industry was higher after the warbecause the men who had been away serving in other countries cameback with enough money to buy vehicles. Additionally, the inclusionof women in the workforce during the war created stable familiesallowing them to purchase automobiles, especially as more settled inthe newly created suburbs. Moreover, the vehicle industries that werebeing used for military purposes returned to making cars which servedto quench the market demand. In that case, each family was seeking tohave at least two of the products, one for the man and the other forthe women (Zinn, 2012). The issue of gender equality in the post-warera was evident with the ladies seeking to be more productive.
Therise of suburbanization, however, impacted on the issue of racialequality where the American community played a part in increasing theracial margins that already existed, especially between the whitesand people of color (Carnes, 2012). Most of the suburbs, such as thegreat Levitt, were highly populated with white people leading to theaccusation that they were segregating themselves as most of theschools around these areas being purely white. The exclusion, thoughnot intended, brought uproar in the post-war America wheredesegregation was just taking root (Goodwin, 2013). As a result, theaspect of growth impacted on the modern-day America, with some ofthese suburbs still being considered areas for the white people onlyand others associated with blacks.
Besides,the youth culture during the time of war was one associated with thebest idea of a teen as one who was respectful and eager to learn. Inthis case, the boys wanted to grow into soldiers, while the girlstargeted been part of the clothing industry (Goodwin, 2013). However,with the ending of the war and money being spread in the nation, theyouths were left with nothing to look forward to in their future.Consequently, that led to the growth of rebellious teens recklesslyusing money and buying more things to satisfy their hunger.
Themovement of families into the suburbs led the American communities toseek a perfect family where the churches were a central portion intheir lives. As a result, the religious membership grew with membersby creating funds and buildings for their churches, which in turn,led to the growth of Christian religious faith and practicethroughout the 1950s (Carnes, 2012). Therefore, post-war America wasevidently grounded in religious doctrine.
Allin all, WW II had a lot of impacts on the United States. The effectswere felt in the form of social, economic, and political influences.With regards, to the economy, many jobs were created as a result ofmovement of people to urban areas where they were able to get jobs.Several effects were also felt in the form of increasedprofessionalism and women empowerment. However, racism took thecourse after the war where the whites segregated themselves from theblacks.
Carnes,M.C. (2012). The Columbia History of Post-World War II, New York:Columbia University Press. Retrieved fromhttps://books.google.com/books?hl=en&lr=&id=pc_VfEY-XxkC&oi=fnd&pg=PR5&dq=The+Columbia+History+of+Post-World+War+II&ots=ro8bF5t_Wh&sig=aN1mXHuzDw9kIVbtpzRa8U-5Hjc
Goodwin,D. K. (2013). NoOrdinary Time: Franklin & Eleanor Roosevelt: The Home Front inWorld War II.New York, NY: Simon and Schuster. Retrieved fromhttps://books.google.com/books?hl=en&lr=&id=Hfv-AwAAQBAJ&oi=fnd&pg=PA9&dq=The+South+and+America+since+World+War+II&ots=ViuVQJdYMb&sig=gCO5kh64m2umngrxr9GOJ6EQ3u8
ZinnH. (2012). Post-war America (1945-1971). Boston Mass: South EndPress. Retrieved fromhttps://books.google.com/books?id=32UqPTIfmdgC&printsec=frontcover&dq=Post-War+America+(1945-1971)&hl=en&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwjvt6_K9PTSAhVrBMAKHcKDBU0Q6AEIGTAA