Analysisof France’s National Healthcare System
Analysisof France’s National Healthcare System
Franceis one of the countries with better life expectancy. Compared toother developed countries, the quality of life of French citizens hasimproved tremendously over the last few decades. Globally, it is onlyJapan which exceeds France with higher life expectancy. In France,all legal residents enjoy free health insurance coverage. Theexistence of different healthcare programs in France has offered theFrench people variety of choices regarding medical issues. Theprograms are either state-controlled or managed by private insuranceproviders. There is, therefore, no doubt as to why the population inFrance enjoys healthy and longer life span. Despite the currentchallenges experienced in the France healthcare system faces, theservices patients receive are of high-quality. Good healthcarequality improves the quality of life in France. The purpose of theessay is to analysis the national healthcare plan of France with afocus on health coverage, access, cost, and prevention.
Typesof Health Care Coverage
Untilthe year 2000, not all French citizens enjoyed healthcare insurancecoverage. Initially, only those enlisted to social security gothealthcare insurance benefit. However, some policies have since beenenacted, and all legal residents in France receive healthcareinsurance coverage(Moulis, 2015). Healthcarein France has two funding insurance plans. The first one is the Statemanaged social security program which is alternatively referred to asassurance maladie. The second category of health care coverage isprovided by the private entities and other corporate organizations.It is widely known as assurance complementaire.
TheState healthcare insurance plan caters for almost all medical needsof the citizens. However, there are certain medical costs which theFrench government does not take into consideration. Therefore, allFrench residents are required to complement the state social securityhealthcare plan with the health program offered by private insurancepartners (Touraine,2014).Assurance malaide is a medical insurance cover plan. The Frenchgovernment has developed arrangements with some insurance companiesto collect premium from citizens then place it in a pool to providehealth services to the people. However, the French government plays asupervisory role to ensure efficient management of the insurancehealth fund for the national social security system.
Withinthe assurance malaide, a state-controlled social security system,there are other sub-categories which provide health coverage fordifferent groups of people. For instance, there is a general fundwhich offers healthcare funding to almost 85 percent of employedpeople in various sectors and the unemployed population(Gusmano, 2014).Under general fund insurance healthcare, all people who live inFrance and are legal citizens are assured of continuous medicalassistance coverage. The general fund provides necessary healthcoverage to all legal residents in France, regardless of the economicor employment status (Touraine,2014). Consequently,at a community level, the local authorities are in charge of thegeneral fund. The authorities, therefore, administer the general fundon behalf of the central government. Business people andself-employed individuals in France have access to medical coverswhich are referred to as the Régime Social des Indépendants (RSI).However, the RSI provisions for the business people are notaccessible at the local level.
Manyareas of France have ambulatory services that enable medical expertsto attend to patients outside the mainstream hospital facilities.Therefore, a patient does not have to wait for a long duration to getthe services of the healthcare providers. Similarly, patients whohave public insurance health coverage can be booked into privatehospitals to receive treatment (Gusmano,2014). Thegovernment reimburses expenses incurred during the provision ofmedical care to the patients in private facilitates. The amount thegovernment pays equals the daily rates for services given to thepatient. Notably, the French government encourages reimbursement ofthe fees charged for services provided by the private healthinstitutions.
Itis, therefore, rare to find patients who have been denied treatmentfrom private health facilities in France. Furthermore, long queuesare not common in hospitals in France. The social security andvoluntary health insurance system cover all the cost that a patientincurs in a public or private clinic (Touraine,2014). Moreover,the entire patient population in France have unlimited access todoctors and other medical consultants. This is because the governmentpays the same fees to health professionals through health insurancesystems.
Costof the Healthcare System in France
Criticshave raised issues with the cost of the healthcare system in France.One of the major concerns is that the government may not fullysupport health insurances plans in the coming years. Nonetheless, thetotal budgetary allocation to the healthcare system in France isapproximately fifteen percent of the total government expenditure andalmost ten percent of the Gross Domestic Product. Likewise, variousmedical fees which doctors and other specialists charge patients areusually predetermined by the government. For instance, the nationalgovernment through the ministry of health determines the cost ofdental services. It is not common for medical practitioners in Franceset out their charges(Gusmano, 2014).Again, the national government discusses the costs of various drugswith manufacturers. Hence, it is impossible to overcharge patientswho buy drugs. It is reasonable to claim that the French governmenthas allocated enough resources to achieve the goal of providing everyFrench resident with better medical services.
France’snational government has initiated several policies which targetprevention of various infections. Health agencies participate indifferent healthcare programs to create awareness on some of thecommon illness which can be eliminated. Clinicians and other healthservice providers engage in mandatory roles of reporting to theauthorities any case of infectious diseases(Umscheid, 2015).Similarly, the national government has enacted foreign policies whichrequire immigrants to undergo compulsory medical examinations toprevent the outbreak of deadly diseases like Ebola. There is enhancedmedical preparedness to monitor cross-border infections.
Inconclusion, the healthcare system in France is one of the best healthcoverage plans globally. The State and private health organizationshave initiated healthcare insurance plans to enable French residentsto access medical services promptly. All legal residents in Francehave access to high-quality and affordable healthcare facilities. Theuse of ambulatory services is one of the major achievements of theFrench government. Ambulatories minimize congestions in hospitals andalso allow the medical team to reach patients in real time to preventthe development of health complications. The supervisory role whichthe French national government plays has reduced public exploitationin the health sector. The performance of the healthcare practitionersis optimum because they attend to patients in the governmenthospitals and private clinics.
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