Analysisof the Film Blood and Oil
Oilhas always been a part of American history because the economydepends heavily on it. Oil is used in all sectors from agriculture totransport it is utilized in the production and manufacturing ofplastics, cosmetics, and paints among other products. There is abelief that America is addicted to oil to the point of utilizing itsdomestic reserves and longing to control oil from a foreign land. Thepurpose of the essay is to establish whether America`s fight for oilin a foreign land can be considered as West Imperialism.
Thefilm Blood and Oil is a clear depiction of how the West becameentangled in the Middle East. The First World War was majorly awestern affair however, there was significant involvement from theMiddle Eastern nations. The unquenchable need for oil and theemergence of the Middle East have been well documented in this film.The occupation of the Middle East by American forces was done underthe pretext of fighting terror and disguising as peacekeepers.However, this was done with the sole purpose of protecting the oilreserves which they feared could be cut off. This could result in therationing of fuel due to the short supply of oil (Lipa). The sameapproach used by the U.S has also been emulated by Russia as depictedin documentaries by Frontline.
Americauses close to 200 Million barrels of oil, and since 1/3 of its oilreserves were used up during the World War 11, there was a need tofind alternative sources of oil. America forged an alliance withSaudi Arabia to support it by providing it military support to fightits enemies. America`s interest was in oil, and it had to establish agood foundation to be able to get the oil. By providing militarytraining, sophisticated arms and military advisory, it made it easierto be accepted by the Saudi Arabia Government. America even chose toignore the lack of democracy in Saudi Arabia because its interest wasin oil. It hoped to establish autonomy in the area, and it meantignoring the very ideology it respected. Franklin Roosevelt’sforeign policy sought to gain access to oil in the Middle East tomeet the de of modern industry society, and for fear of exhaustingdomestic reserves (AntiGroupThink). The law of demand and supplystates that when the supply is low, prices rise creating an energycrisis. Therefore, Saudi Arabia was a perfect area to receive oilfrom to prevent an energy crisis in America.
Theargument that America’s interest was centered on providing a freesociety where rights of individuals are upheld was just an excuse toestablish military missions in Saudi Arabia. There was no fight onterror but the desire to protect its interests and when there was acontroversy over its presence in Saudi Arabia, it chose to use Iranas a go-between to push its interests. It goes to show that America`sinterest in the Middle East is centered on getting a constant supplyto meet its citizen’s needs. Macgregor noted that America needs tochange their military strategy on protecting the nation and itscommercial interests.
Insummary, it is notable that America practiced West Imperialism bydictating who should be in leadership such as calling for theoverthrow of Saddam Hussein who was of America’s influence in SaudiArabia. It hoped to have a leader who could not stop the flow of oil,instead brought about a war and enmity between Muslims and Americansthat is fought even to date. The war has seen thousands of militarymen and women lose their lives and America spend millions of dollarsto sustain the war. All this could have been evaded if America hadfocused on establishing new reserves within its country to fulfillits domestic market instead of sourcing outside.
AntiGroupThink.Machiavelli.The Prince. 1/5. Online video clip. YouTube,21 Nov. 2009, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5IGBKu6qM7Y
Frontline.Battle Zones: Ukraine and Syria. Thirteen:Media with Impact.27 May. 2014,http://www.thirteen.org/programs/frontline/battle-zones-ukraine-and-syria/
Frontline.Putin’s Way. PBS.13 Jan. 2015, http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/frontline/film/putins-way/
Lipa,Bardh. Blood and Oil – A mind-blowing documentary by Jeremy Earp.Online video clip. YouTube,25 Apr. 2015, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=YuOQ4KgTkAI
Macgregor,Douglas. “Obamaand the Road to Hell in the Middle East.”Counterpunch. 25 Sep. 2014,http://www.counterpunch.org/2014/09/25/obama-and-the-road-to-hell-in-the-middle-east/