Art of Western World

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Artof Western World

The Late Gothic Period is often associated with some majorinnovations such as the introduction of atmospheric and linearperspective, lighting as well as the use of emotions in narratingstories. In this case, most of the artists ignored theItalo-Byzantine style and introduced newer approaches that they usedin making their pieces of art more interesting. Italy saw a largenumber of painters that were adopted the same techniques and used thesame in creating compelling images. Religious themes became morecommon during the same period, and the artists focused onhighlighting the classical events in Christianity. They alsoportrayed the images in a realistic manner, which made their piecesof art more amazing and presentable as well. This essay will revealhow painters during the Late Gothic Period focused on the religiousthemes, used linear perspective to provide a naturalisticrepresentation of the images.

The period saw the painters focus on the historical events that weremainly associated with religion. In this case, the religious elementswere included in the paintings to capture the classical glory thatare instrumental in Christianity. A look at most of the paintingsreveals such themes, and that proves that one should consider suchcharacteristics when talking about the period. Duccio’s “Maesta”is one of the paintings created around 1308-1311 in Siena and it wasa tempera and gold on wood which captures a religious message(Kleiner, 2015). Besides that, Pietro Lorenzeti also designed“Nativity of the Virgin” in Siena, roughly in 1335-1342, and itwas tempera on panel (Kleiner, 2015). “Maesta” depicted the birthof baby Jesus and his mother while they were surrounded by saints andevangelists that wanted to bless the young savior. It also capturedthe naturalness associated with the same event since the other peoplewere in motion as they moved to get a better view of the baby.Lorenzeti’s painting was also a masterpiece, and it also talkedabout a historical event in Christianity. In particular, it has acontinuous space and shows the birth of Virgin Mary who was Jesus’mother. In summary, most of the paintings during that period focusedon recapturing the classical glory in religion.

Most painters during this period also used the concept of perspectiveto portray the realistic figures in their pieces of art. Moreimportant, the paintings reveal how the artists used imaginary linesto depict the illusion of depth that often makes the images moreinteresting. They also focused on capturing the events from theaudiences’ point of view. First, Cimabue’s “Madonna Enthronedwith Angels and Prophets” located in Florence and made in 1280-1290from tempera as well as gold leaf that were placed on wood portraysthe same technique (Kleiner, 2015). In particular, the approachrelies on the spatial alignment in ensuring that space and depth areused efficiently to portray all the subjects in the image. Thepainting also shows a realistic aspect where Madonna and the otherangels are amazed at the view of the baby Jesus. Giotto’s“Lamentation” that was designed from Fresco in 1305 and placed inPadua is another piece of art that also illustrates the use ofperspective (Kleiner, 2015). The fresco used the vanishing points andimaginary lines in creating the sketch and the final part. The angelsat the furthest point of the painting also capture the illusion ofdepth that the artists often considered during the same period.

Furthermore, Giotto used fresco painting to reveal gesture, posture,perspective and lighting, which showed how his style wasgroundbreaking. More important, his skills changed painting and moreartists were able to borrow a few ideas from his techniques to maketheir pieces of art more interesting. His paintings illustrated theemotions of the characters, and “Lamentation” shows how MaryMagdalene and two other disciples are crying because they have lost asavior (Kleiner, 2015). The approach of depicting the sorrow or evenhappiness on the faces of people provided a naturalisticrepresentation that a few artists used. He also focused on astage-like setting to make sure that he had captured all theactivities and individuals that were involved in a specifichistorical event. Perspective also improved how he used spatialelements in covering all the characters and the other necessarythemes. In particular, aspects such as atmospheric perspectives areevident in “Lamentation” where he shows angels flying around(Kleiner, 2015). He even introduced lighting to reveal the specificpart that was the focus of the painting. For instance, he identifiedthe foreground, and the background based on the lighting and onecould also determine the theme based on how bright their faces mightbe.

In conclusion, the painters often incorporated classical religiousevents in their paintings and used the linear perspective and thepostures and gestures that portray the emotions of the characters.More important, the scenario reveals how the artists were focused onensuring that they have created the most interesting pieces of art.In this case, many painters incorporated the religious themes intotheir images to make them more insightful. The artists alsoconsidered perspective where they used the illusion of depth to covermultiple events in a single painting. For instance, the imaginarylines helped them to have more space where they can includecharacters and portray the themes perfectly. Giotto was even knownfor introducing emotions through the gestures and facial expressionsthat the images portrayed. He also focused on using lighting andperspective to make sure that the paintings illustrated anaturalistic representation of the particular events covered.


Kleiner, F. (2015).Gardner’s Art through the Ages. (15th ed.).Boston: Cengage Learning.