Case Study

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CaseStudy

Acutebronchitis and pneumonia are both diseases that affect the lungs ofan individual. Their presenting signs and symptoms may confuse asthere are those that are similar. It is, therefore, important todifferentiate the signs and symptoms for the purposes of correcttreatment. This paper seeks to differentiate the presenting signs forboth diseases in an adult aged 55 years.

Pneumoniais accompanied by signs such as coughing, where at times the patientmay cough up mucus from the lungs. The mucus could be green or tingedwith blood. Instances of breathing fast and feeling short of breathis also an important sign to look out for in a patient of this age.Fast heartbeat, nausea and vomiting and chest pains that increasewhen one cough add to the presenting signs of pneumonia(FrederickTaylor Lord., 2013). community-acquired pathogens for pneumoniainclude streptococcus pneumoniae and haemophilus influenzae.

Acutebronchitis on the other hand in a patient aged 55 years ischaracterized by instances such as a persistent cough. This is acough that may last up to 20 days. Some people also cough mucus whichmay be clear, green or yellow(Byrne,2016). This cough is aimed at clearing the bronchi which areirritated. It is important to note that fever is not common in peoplewith acute bronchitis like the case of a pneumonia patient. Community-acquired pathogens for acute bronchitis include influenza Aand B, rhinovirus and coronavirus.

Communitymanagement of these illnesses includes vaccination as these arecommunicable diseases. For pneumonia, for instance, physicians havepromoted the pneumococcal and influenza vaccination to prevent thecommunity-acquired pathogens. It is, therefore, important forphysicians to promote the aspect of vaccination to prevent the aspectof community-acquired pathogens in a move to manage the illnesses.

References

Byrne,T. (2016). Acute Throat Swelling in Pregnancy: Review of theLiterature and Management.&nbspInsightsIn Allergy, Asthma &amp Bronchitis,&nbsp2(1).http://dx.doi.org/10.21767/2471-304x.100017

FrederickTaylor Lord.,. (2013).&nbspPneumonia&nbsp(1sted.). Cambridge: Harvard Univ Press.