ChildhoodObesity in Yadkin County, North Carolina- Plan
Psychological,economic or social factors are identified as summations of the riskfactors to childhood obesity in Yadkin County. As such, the developedplan must focus on these key areas of society both at the individualand group level. Furthermore, children being at the care and mostsensitive influence level of the society, the plan must focus on theideality of the whole society in order to have maximum effect tochildren (Braveman, 2014).
Inorder to carry out an acute plan dealing with obesity, there is needto understand its prevalence and nature of occurrence within thecommunity. The development of a community-based obesity assessmentand surveillance plan will enable gain an in-depth understanding ofthe condition within the community. The best nature of doing this isthrough the conduct of a research from the local community healthcenters where one of the required procedures is to take the heightand weight of individuals before treatment. A review of the dataalready collected in such institutions and continued surveillance ofthe same will enable create a graph of the percentage of thepopulation with the condition. This percentage can further be groupedinto smaller subcategories of shared characteristics such as agebrackets, gender, and social status in the community (Pierle, 2014).Through this, it will be able to gain an understanding of theprevalence of the condition in the community and further associate itwith different macro and micro factors impacting on the differentgroups.
Anursing management care plan will focus on the establishment of adiagnosis of the condition in the community based on the identifiedfactors of prevalence. This will include an individual diagnosticreview and that of shared psycho-economic factors within theidentified groups. Individually, factors such as an imbalanced diet,psychological states, and physical behaviors examined will establishthe right form of management required. Imbalanced diets refer tostates where the body is given different portions of nutrients thatexceed its requirements. At the same time, some psychological statesmay lead to subconscious overeating that goes unnoticed byindividuals. This form of condition would require psychiatricassistance. Looking into physical activity would provide a view ofthe minimum required activity by an individual to maintain a healthymetabolism and expulsion of extra energy and fats from the body. Inthe same manner, group dynamics would provide common characteristicsamong individuals within the same group that supports the prevalenceof the condition. These identified factors can then be mitigatedthrough classification into any of the psychological, economic orsocial factors. In this manner aspects such as of high social classgroups indulging into many social gatherings that promote unhealthyeating behaviors and lack of exercises due to full use of vehiclescan be addressed.
Capacitybuilding and education on the issue of obesity is the single mostvital and most effective mitigating strategy against the condition inthe society. Education is to include the full awareness of thedangers associated with obesity, how to manage the condition to thenormalcy of life, and how to prevent the occurrence. This form ofeducation must be strategized in that it accounts for both individualeducation and group education (Bremby, 2015). Every person will focuson ensuring each individual in the community is aware of healthyliving to combat obesity. In the group sphere, education will becarried out to map out all the risk and contributing factors toobesity within each assembly. As such, each individual in the societywill get double tutoring about psychological, economic or socialfactors and mitigation strategies. The central information would berelated to monitoring of individual and group dietary intakes andexposures both in the short run and in the long run. Individualsshould be able to understand how their psychological, social, andeconomic status impact on their behaviors and prevalence of thecondition in the community. Understanding positive behaviors such asphysical activities, healthy eating and continuous monitoring oftheir body mass index must be prioritized.
Theplan depends upon the interdisciplinary collaboration between thehealth department, education department, and the social department.The education sector is vital for the delivery of capacity buildingacross the different levels of education available in the system.Capacity building should be interlinked with the educationalcurriculum so that children can learn about healthy living throughoutthe system. This has the potential of reducing child obesity cases,building a healthier future generation, and at the same time reachingadults who are parents and relative of the children in schools. Thesocial welfare sector will be the key entry point to the community.They will provide home based capacity building, research, care, and alinkage between the health and education sectors to the community.Materials, research and nursing management will be the responsibilityof the health sector. The sector will be mandated to offer managementcare to obese individuals in the society and those who will comeforward requiring clarifications in their state. This will alsoinclude their risk prevalence to related ailments such as cancer,high blood pressure, and diabetes that are connected to obesity(Pierle, 2014). They will also devise a full life program thatinvolves the safe living habits such as the recommended diets andexercises to ensure the condition is mitigated against.
Childobesity advocacy should be promoted as another aspect requiringinterdisciplinary cooperation with the larger part laying on thelocal administrative government. Legislative and regulatoryactivities in relation to identified psychological, economic andsocial factors of obesity are key. The issue of promotion of healthyliving across the different sectors and fields should beinterconnected with legislative reforms. Education platforms andlobby groups working across the different media platforms willprovide the required attention to the vitality of the issue andsupport of mitigating plan.
Thefocus of the plan will be based on the psychological, economic andsocial factors that have been identified as most responsible forbehavioral changes in people in the community leading to predominancein obesity cases. To address obesity in children the plan will cutacross the whole society in order to affect individual and groupinfluences related to the subject matter (Braveman, 2014). This willpull collaborations from the health sector, the education sector, andthe social sector for capacity building and also advocacy matterstowards ensuring awareness and reduction in the prevalence of obesityin the community. The objectified outcome is to have the wholecommunity geared towards a common goal of awareness and mitigatingagainst the prevalence of obesity.
Braveman,P. (2014). Monitoring equity in health and healthcare: A conceptualframework. Journal of Health Population Nutrition, 21(3):181–192.
Bremby,R. (2015). Capacity for participatory evaluation within communityinitiatives. Journal of Prevention and Intervention in theCommunity, 26(2): 21–36.
Pierle,J. (2014). Analyzing a community-based coalition`s efforts to reducehealth disparities and the risk for chronic disease in Kansas City,Missouri. Preventing Chronic Disease, 4(3).