Chronic Bronchitis

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Chronicbronchitis has been described as a disease which is associated withconsistent coughing. It can last from about three months to a year.Many personages who have been diagnosed with chronic bronchitis havebeen associated with having chronic obstructive pulmonary diseasenoted as OCPD. Some of the symptoms correlated with the diseaseinclude short of breath, wheezing, and coughing (Robin, 2016). Othersymptoms include yellow sputum at times stained with blood.

Bodysystem(s) affected

Chronicbronchitis has been associated with affecting the bronchial tubes ofthe lungs. In as much as the cause of the disease concerns longperiods of smoking, another cause is the inhalation of variousinhalants. If a body is infected by chronic bronchitis, the bronchialtubes will inflame. Thus, it would prompt the production of mucus. Itis the inflammation that would restrict airflow into the lungs. It isthis restriction in the lungs that made it hard for breathing (Kim,&amp Criner, 2013).At times, the inflammation would become so severe that personbronchial tubes were scarred or permanently damaged. Bronchitis hasbeen known to become chronic when it lasts between three months to ayear or so.

Diseasesand conditions commonly associated with the pathology

Someof the diseases associated with chronic bronchitis include emphysemaand COPD. Emphysema, similar to chronic bronchitis, affects thelungs. However, the disease is associated with the rupture of thewalls between the alveoli. The person normally feels breathlessconsidering that the airspaces are much larger thus, prompting lessgas exchange. The subsequent COPD is another condition which developsfrom restrictions of the airflow. Many of the people associated withchronic bronchitis have been associated with COPD and emphysema.

Medical,surgical, and diagnostic procedures

Thereare several medical, surgical and diagnostic procedures associatedwith chronic bronchitis. It is essential that the physiciandistinguishes between common cold and chronic bronchitis, if they areto treat the right disease. Some of the diagnostic tests carried outare such as Chest x-ray. The diagnosis can be used reveal the stateof pneumonia of a person. It can also be utilized to identify andproblems in the chest (Robin, 2016). The sputum tests, by definition,the sputum refers to the mucus that comes out of the lungs when onecoughs. The sputum test is essential in determining whether one had awhooping cough or any other respiratory disease. Lastly, thepulmonary function tests, the test are conducted by a patient blowinginto a device known as the spirometer. The spirometer is a devicewhich measures the lung capacity of the person.

Recommendedpharmacology or treatment

Oneis the bronchodilator medication. These medications were useful indealing with the symptoms related to chronic bronchitis. There arealso steroids. They are normally inhaled as sprays and aerosols tohelp deal with the negative impacts of chronic bronchitis. However,the steroids have been found to have unwanted side effects. Thus,every person should consult a physician before using it. The othermedical intervention is the antibiotics. It has been found to beefficient in dealing with chronic bronchitis and oxygen therapy. Theoxygen therapy is essential in making the patient have an adequateintake of oxygen. Oxygen is normally administered to the patient invarious ways (Kim,&amp Criner, 2013).There are also other tests that need to be mentioned by these are themost common.


Kim,V., &amp Criner, G. J. (2013). Chronic bronchitis and chronicobstructive pulmonary disease.Americanjournal of respiratory and critical care medicine,187(3),228-237.

RobinMadell. (2016, January 29). Understanding .Retrieved March 31, 2017, from