Communicable Disease Surveillance

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CommunicableDisease Surveillance

CommunicableDisease Surveillance

Communicablediseases are highly infectious, and the numbers of death escalates ata very high rate. It is, therefore, important to contain thesediseases and take actionable methods towards investigating andcontaining the disease before it spreads. The Black Death offersevidence of the annihilation that can be caused if a disease is notproperly investigated and implemented to manage a particularcondition in the society. The CDC has set up the National NotifiableDisease Surveillance System (NDSS) to deal with communicable diseaseinvestigation countrywide (CDC, 2013). The NDSS is a multifacetedprogram that inculcates different methods and data for thesurveillance system and analysis of the health data. It integrates anall-encompassing model towards assessing the messages that are sharedand uses the support of the public health surveillance in differentjurisdictions all over the country.

ThesisStatement: Communicable disease surveillance method needs to berigorous and fast to control any further spread and develop methodsto manage the disease.

Somespecific policies and aspects are highlighted in every state with thehealth departments collecting, managing and analyzing the data thatis later submitted to the CDC. The disease attributes and the levelof spread once a condition has been identified is a major aspect thatis assessed. A disease such as Ebola would put the CDC and the healthdepartments on high alert and the need for a containment facility forthe specific cases would be required (WHO, 2014). Infrastructure isalso an important aspect since it represents the best basis formanaging the conditions. Depending on the conditions that areidentified, proper containment may be the only option towardsensuring that the conditions are contained accordingly (Babaie etal., 2015). The location of the reported cases also determines thelevel of spread and dynamics for implementing the best controls thatcan be developed. The control is one of the key aspects that ismeasured since the proximity to the closest CDC agents or facility aswell as a population and dynamics of the people in the area are alsodetermining factors (WHO, 2014). These factors determine the methodsthat are implemented and the controls developed towards creating thebest checks and containing the spread of the condition.

Meningococcaldisease is one of the fatal diseases and can be spread from oneperson to the next. The steps that are taken towards the surveillanceof such a condition is to establish the existence of an outbreakthrough communicating with the individuals or resources on theground. The verification process later ensues where the samples anddata are sent to the closest facility that does an exhaustiveassessment of the disease and the spread that can be expected (Babaieet al., 2015). The later assist to investigate whether the strain hasbeen altered with and develop the best method to protect the peoplein the region. Construction of the case definition and basis thatneeds to be used is later formed, and the epidemiology of the case isalso established. This outlines the type of strain and gives theinformation and feedback that is got from the CDC on the best methodsthat can be used to contain the condition (CDC, 2013). Implementationof control measures and in this case vaccination against the diseasefor people who around the region ensues and the findings and figuresare communicated. It is important to ensure that surveillance ismaintained in the area to make sure that there is no recurrence andthe condition is adequately controlled. The EPI information systemand model is used for analysis, visualization and reporting to theCDC and larger systems. It is a system used to contact the people onthe ground and outline the different aspects of the condition that isneeded while handling any communicable disease outbreak (CDC, 2013).It gives real time account and methods that need to be used since itcan be shared over the internet.

Inconclusion, the CDC and other organizational bodies have come up withthe best structures that are meant to control and manage theconditions in the society. Surveillance methods are changing withimproved technology, and the management and monitoring ofcommunicable diseases are not more feasible. After the recent Ebolaoutbreak in West Africa that left thousands dead, the importance ofproper surveillance and infrastructural methods cannot be overstated.

References

Babaie,J., Ardalan, A., Vatandoost, H., Goya, M. M., &amp Akbarisari, A.(2015). Performance assessment of communicable disease surveillancein disasters: a systematic review. PLOS Currents Disasters. Retrievedfrom https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25774323

Centersfor Disease Control and Prevention (CDC. (2013). Notice to readers:final 2012 reports of nationally notifiable infectious diseases.MMWR. Morbidity and mortality weekly report, 62(33), 669. Retrievedfrom https://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/preview/mmwrhtml/mm6332a6.htm

WorldHealth Organization. (2014). Global Status Report on Non-CommunicableDiseases 2014. World Health Organization.