COMMUNISM IN EUROPE

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COMMUNISMIN EUROPE

Communism in Europe

InEurope, many groups supported communism in the early modern time.Socialism opposed communism resulting to conflicts between differentgroups. The fall of communist rule in Europe was influenced by arevolutionary wave that occurred between 1980 and 19901.Several communist parties across the world collapsed while othersdeveloped non-communist entities. The paper discusses the World WarII, the Cold War, and the parties who accepted the responsibility.

Fallof the Grand Alliance

TheAllies acquired support from the United States and managed to achievesuccess during the war. The Grand Alliance was formed with a commonpurpose of defeating the Axis and promoting peace in the world. Thecommon interest enhanced the relationship between the members ofGrand Alliance, which had no strains. Although they won the war,differences among its members influenced the end of the alliance2.Self-interest and mistrust were experienced among the Allies afterthe accomplishment of the common interest of defeating the Axis. TheUnited States disagreed with Britain on matters such as the strategyto be used to deploy troops. Moreover, the United States developedsuspicion with the imperial designs associated with the British. Theparties did not fully trust each other due to many reasons.

Furthermore,the United States supported capitalism, but the Soviet was forcommunism. Soviet agitations and propaganda created fear among thecapitalist members including the United States. As a result, mistrustintensified among the members leading to the fall of the alliance.The tension experienced by the partners of the alliance that won theWorld War II influenced disagreements and disunity among the Allies3.Interests of different parties conflicted directly, and thepossession of weapons contributed to the increase of the mistrust.The absence of trust and a common enemy influenced the breakdown ofthe Grand Alliance.

TheCold War

Thedownfall of the alliance was directly associated with eruption of theCold War. Moreover, the economic, geopolitical, and ideologicalstruggle between the alliance members explains the reason for thewar4. The relationship between the allies became worse because each partyfought for its interest. The Soviet used propagandas that intensifiedmistrust from the United States, and other allies. Tension grewbetween the two parties creating an environment for another war.Threats characterized the Cold War, and each country developedpowerful weapons that increased the fear of an attack.

Moreover,the communist idea was opposed by the Western democracies. Theconsequences associated with communism, increased fear among theAmericans, which led to the eruption of a conflict. The supporters ofeach ideology fought for it to dominate the world. Misunderstandingcontributed to the rise of conflicts between the communists andcapitalists, which transformed to the war. Mistrust and disagreementsamong the members of the alliance were therefore, highly associatedwith the Cold War.

Assigning Responsibility

TheUnited States and the Soviet should bear the responsibility. However,the Soviet should bear the highest responsibility because itcontributed much to the rise of tension, and mistrust, which led tothe rise of the Cold War5.Moreover, the attempts of the Soviet to develop weapons, and spreadpropagandas led to the intensification of the conflict.

Inconclusion, communism in Europe was negatively affected by variousrevolutions. The Grand Alliance ended after mistrust and disagreementdeveloped between its members. Cold war erupted due to fear of attackamong different parties including the United States. Therefore, theCold War was mostly contributed by the Soviet and the country shouldbe more responsible for any damage or conflict.

Bibliography

Davis, Lynn Etheridge. The Cold War Begins: Soviet-AmericanConflict Over East Europe. Princeton University Press, 2015.

Edwards, Lee. The collapse of communism. Hoover InstitutionPress, 2013.

Gormly, James L. The collapse of the Grand Alliance: 1945-1948.Louisiana State University Press, 2012.

Maddox, Robert James. The new left and the origins of the coldwar. Princeton University Press, 2015.

Weinberg, Gerhard L. A world at arms: A global history of WorldWar II. Cambridge University Press, 2015.

1 Edwards, Lee. The collapse of communism. Hoover Institution Press, 2013.

2 Weinberg, Gerhard L. A world at arms: A global history of World War II. Cambridge University Press, 2015.

3 Gormly, James L. The collapse of the Grand Alliance: 1945-1948. Louisiana State University Press, 2012.

4 Maddox, Robert James. The new left and the origins of the cold war. Princeton University Press, 2015.

5 Davis, Lynn Etheridge. The Cold War Begins: Soviet-American Conflict Over East Europe. Princeton University Press, 2015.