COMPARE AND CONTRAST MORAL RELATIVISM 4
To compare and contrast moral relativism, it must be looked in thepurview of moral objectivism. Morality can be defined as the presenceof good or evil acts in a society that are carried out by people.There are several differences and similarities between moralrelativism and moral objectivism. Firstly, moral relativism is aphilosophy that holds the view that the morality of any action isdetermined by the many variables such as personal views, culture, andthe situation that one is in. For example, cremation may beconsidered a moral action by the whites, but the black people maytake into account it an immoral activity (Kreeft, 2014). This variesfrom the moral objectivism, which opines that moral or immoralactivities are absolute and are not dependent on the variables suchas human feelings, culture, or situation. In other words, themorality or immorality of an action is universal across cultures orsituations. For example, moral objectivism may state that bhangsmoking is a right activity across all cultures in every countryacross the world. Another difference is that relativism asserts thatmorality is a creation of humankind while objectivism states thatmorality exists in a realm that cannot be controlled by humans.
Both philosophies hold the shared belief that there is morality. Inother words, there is an agreement that some actions are either rightor wrong. Both doctrines suffer various objections. Firstly, moralobjectivism fails to provide the supreme source of moral authority.Whereas many people assume that the Bible is the source of morality,questions are raised over the relevance of other holy books such asthe Quran (Kreeft, 2014). Moral relativism suffers a similar fate.Everyone’s opinion about morality matters and it is valid.Therefore, while one person may disdain adultery, his or her opinionis not morally powerful than those of an individual who appraisesadultery.
I have learned that moral relativism is a better philosophicalapproach to morality than objectivism. This is because itincorporates the differences in judgment brought forth by personalbeliefs, culture, and the context (Kreeft, 2014). However, it is easyto deduce that moral relativism has various flaws. For example, itoffers free opinions and choice over issues that are absolutelyimmoral such as adultery. I also realized that moral relativism isthe most common philosophical school of thought regarding morality.
Kreeft, P. (2014). A refutation of moral relativism:Interviews with an absolutist. San Francisco: Ignatius Press.