Comparison of one thousand and one nights against the wife of baths

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Comparisonof one thousand and one nights against the wife of baths

Comparisonof one thousand and one nights against the wife of baths

TheOne Thousand and One Nights and The Wife of Baths are framenarratives, that is, they contain a set of tales told with the aim offounding one whole story. The two stories employ various framingdevices. For instance, in The One Thousand and One Nights, theframing device is that of Scheherazade, one of the characters,telling stories to the Sultan Shahriyar throughout several nights(Shaykh 2011). The Wife of Baths on the other side features the Wife,a character, who tells of her experiences with the different men shehas married. The set of tales is part of a frame story, TheCanterbury Tales (Chaucer &amp Nicolson 2015). The two narrativeshighlight different interpretations of religion as well as otherthemes. The One Thousand and One Nights and The Wife of Baths areboth frame narratives that portrays religion in different waysthroughout their prologues and setting .The earlier depicts Islam andthe latter, Christianity.

InThe One Thousand and One Nights Scheherazade recounts a set ofstories to the Sultan Shahriyar during several nights. Her narrativesaim at distracting the Sultan from his constant tendency to executehis wives after spending a night with them. Several of Scheherazade’sstories are frame tales as well. For instance, The Tale of Sinbad theSeaman and Sinbad the Landman are a set of escapades that Sinbad theSeaman relates to Sinbad the Landman. The stories have theirfoundations in ancient Arabic, Indian, Egyptian, and Persian folktaleand literature. The stories differ broadly: they comprise romancetales, historical narratives, poems, comedies, burlesques as well astragedies. Several stories portray leaders, magicians, andmythological places that combine with actual people and settings(Shaykh 2011).

TheWife of the Baths is a component of a frame story, The CanterburyTales, in that, it is a portion of the events in the characters’lives, between the stories that they recount. The tale’s prologueoccurs on the journey between London and Canterbury. At thebeginning of the prologue, it is clear that the Wife is recountingher encounters. The Wife tells several flashbacks as the settingchanges to the locations of her past marriages (Chaucer &ampNicolson 2015). Therefore, the narrators in both The One Thousandand One Nights and The Wife of Bath are female. However, while theWife of Bath is a story of the narrator’s experiences, The OneThousand and One Nights is a collection of folklores.

Theshift from the epic form of religion to monotheism is also evident inthe narratives. The One Thousand and One Nights depicts Islam as apresumed cultural factor. The tales highlight magic, gods and manyother forms of epic spiritual belief. However, considering thestories have their foundations in Islamic regions, the text portraysthe religion with regards to the daily practices of the ordinaryMuslims. Christianity and the understanding of the Bible are evidentareas of focus in The Wife of Bath (Shaykh 2011). Religion is clearat the start of the prologue when the Wife uses its concepts toportray how the society regards her. She states that may peopledisdain her because of the number of marriages she has had. She usesthe example of Christ’s actions in regards to unions to justify hersituation. Thus, the way society and the Wife interpret the Bible isdifferent (Chaucer &amp Nicolson 2015). While in The Wife of Baththere is more inclination to monotheism, One Thousand and One Nightscontains more of epic spirituality with many supernatural powers andevents.

Therefore,the two narratives both take on the form of frame stories withdifferent prologues. The narrators are both female, though, in TheWife of Bath, the speaker tells of her experiences while One Thousandand One Nights concentrates on folklores. The stories use poeticstyles such as rhyme in the narrations. The depiction of religion isevident with One Thousand and One Nights highlighting supernaturalbeings and events with a little portrayal of Islam. The Wife of Bathon the other side focuses on monotheism with the representation ofChristianity.

References

Chaucer,Geoffrey, and J U. Nicolson.&nbspTheCanterbury Tales.Mineola, N.Y: Dover Publications, 2004. Print.

Shaykh,H. Onethousand and one nights.