ConceptualComponents of Theory
Accordingto research, the understanding and mastery of the nursing theory areessential in the promotion of a healthy community (Butts & Rich,2013). The positive transformation of the clinical practice relies onthe ability of the nurses to apply theoretical concepts. A theory isdefined as a set of propositions and concepts that offer scholars anorderly way of viewing phenomena (Blais, 2015). This paper seeks tojustify concept analysis as an unavoidable approach to nursing theoryconstruction.
Conceptssuch as caring, self-care, and independence contribute to theformulation of middle-range theories in the nursing sector. Theseideas offer a direction for intervention and a perspective from whichto analyze complex situations (D`antonio, Beeber, Sills, &Naegle, 2014). These approaches can be classified intoself-transcendence, uncertainty in illness, community empowerment,symptom management, and self-efficacy theories. The InterpersonalRelations Theory by Peplau is also a compelling example of amiddle-range theory which is guided and formulated by its underlyingconcepts. The original concepts of this theory involve the practiceof care and self-care, human health, and clients’ needs whichmotivate a close relationship between the patient and the nurse(D`antonio et al., 2014). According to research, this relationshippromotes the process of mastering clinical knowledge for both thepatient and the nurse (Deane & Fain, 2015). Peplau defines healthas a concept in which forward movement of individuals personalitiesis allowed as well as other human processes. The health of a subjectis measured through medical tests. However, the health practitionermay be able to detect psychological problems such as stress throughthe interaction with a patient.
Theconceptual frameworks of Peplau’s approach entail health,satisfaction, and care. The nurse is required to master his/herbehavior while devising solutions for the problems facing thepatients. The relationship is developed through four phases ofidentification, orientation, resolutions, and exploitations aimed athelping the patients identify perceived difficulties. A differentapproach with similar outcomes as this theory is the rural nursing.Although the two methods vary in definition and application, theyboth advocate for themes such as listening, empathy, nurse-patientrelationship, and advancement of health-promoting behaviors (Winters,2013).
Inother sectors, the self-care approach is defined as a process inwhich the workers make personal efforts intended for their physical,psychological, and emotional. Therefore, the employees are encouragedby the senior managers to participate in activities such as physicalexercises. For example in a school environment, the curriculum mustincorporate physical, mental, and psychological approaches. Some ofthe characteristics of this aspect of nursing include mutualenrichment, positive perception towards one’s self, and Consultantconsultations. This approach is also characterized by the improvedtreatment quality in the hospital.
Inconclusion, it’s important for the nurses to apply various theoriesrelated to their discipline in the promotion of a healthy community.However, useful application of these approaches dictates a relianceon conceptual models that are appropriate for a particular populationand context. It’s evident that the concepts play a vital role inthe formulation of reliable nursing theories. For example, theconcepts of health care, self-care, and patient satisfaction are verycrucial in the application of the Peplau’s theory on thepatient-nurse relationship. The method of rural nursing offerssimilar solutions in the clinical practice.
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Butts,J. B., & Rich, K. L. (2013). Philosophiesand theories for advanced nursing practice.Jones & Bartlett Publishers.
D`antonio,P., Beeber, L., Sills, G., & Naegle, M. (2014). The future in thepast: Hildegard Peplau and interpersonal relations innursing. Nursinginquiry, 21(4),311-317.
Deane,W. H., & Fain, J. A. (2015). Incorporating Peplau’s Theory ofInterpersonal Relations to Promote Holistic Communication BetweenOlder Adults and Nursing Students. Journalof Holistic Nursing,0898010115577975.
Winters,C. A. (Ed.). (2013). Ruralnursing: Concepts, theory, and practice.Springer Publishing Company.