Could the Cold War have been avoided?

  • Uncategorized

Couldthe Cold War have been avoided?

Couldthe Cold War have been avoided?

Thecold war could not have been avoided as at the time there were twoantagonistic and opposing philosophies, the capitalists and thecommunists. Although the two camps fought against totalitarianism ofGermany during the World War II, they did so because they perceivedGermany as a common enemy (Morgan, 2011). However after the war otherfactors led to the emergence of the cold war.

Firstly,After the death of Frederick D. Roosevelt, who was popular andcharismatic. Many scholars argue that his successor, President HarryS. Truman used fear to gain support (Browmell, 2009). If PresidentTruman had not been elected in 1948 and his closest opponent Mr.Robert Taft had won, then the cold war could not have happened. Thisis because Mr. Truman was a machine politician and was provocative asopposed to Taft, who was considered an isolationist as he wasopposing the formation of NATO and the Korean War. Moreover, thedeceased President Roosevelt, who had known the extremes of war wasreserved to begin a new war and thought it was time to rebuild Europeand not start another war with the Soviet Union (Morgan, 2011).

Secondly,at the time there was a strong anti communist agenda especially inthe western world (Morgan,2011). They had fears that the Soviets would take advantage of any slightweakness and take over the world. To a large extent this perceptionwas a conspiracy and not supported by any evidence of actions. Thecommunist movements at the time were not directly controlled byMoscow, but were locally controlled by local leaders. After the war,Joseph Stalin’s fear was the resurgence of Germany and the westernworld against the Soviets. On the other hand President Truman createdthe Marshall Plan, which confirmed Stalin’s fears and hence usedthe eastern Europe as a buffer zone as well as building and advancinghis military (Browmell,2009). If Roosevelt was alive, or if Taft had won the presidency, then wecan conclude that the cold war would not have happened.

Finally,Stalin was ailing and was of poor health. Nikita Khushchev, hissuccessor was a reformist and abolished numerous aspects of thesoviet society (Morgan,2011). For example, he freed political prisoners, demilitarized the SovietUnion especially the Soviet Navy and closed down the labor camps.Moreover, he proposed to the West the creation of a neutral andreunited Germany. But his idea was not accepted by the paranoidAmerican administration led by Truman (Browmell,2009). This guaranteed the continuation of the cold war until the fall ofthe Soviet Union in 1991.&nbsp

References

Browmell, R. (2009). The Cold War. Detroit, Michigan: Lucent Books.

Morgan, K. (2011). The Cold War. Edina, Minnesota: ABDO Publishing Company.