Crimehas become pervasive in the society and the continued economicinequality contributes to most crimes, as many people are aftermoney. The need to acquire fast money without patience or hard workcorrupts the minds of many individuals leading them to commit crimes.The strain theory explains these occurrences as people seek socialcontrol in the society to escape the menace of poverty(Williams & McShane, 2013).Therefore, many theories of criminology exist due to the diversity offactors that contribute to crime including the social structure andsegmentation in terms of class or race as discussed in the bookCriminologicaltheory.
Themost basic understanding of crimes in the society begins fromfocusing on the interactions of individuals and their social-economicstatus. For instance, people who need quick money with less work arebound to commit crimes in order to get the cash. On the other hand,in wealthy neighborhoods, most individuals do not like involving thepolice when a crime is committed, and they end up taking the law intheir hands as they seek revenge. Further, people such as kids andthe less advantaged in the society often indulge in criminalactivities such as robbery, pick-pocketing and stealing things ofsmall value like mobile phones in order to get money. Conversely,even the rich are involved in criminal activities, especially sincethey are mostly involved in white-collar crimes, which includeembezzlement of funds in large corporations (Williams& McShane, 2013).However, it is interesting to point that none of the individuals whocommit a crime was born a criminal and, therefore, it is a learnedvice, in which the environment shapes the personal traits.
Thegeneral theory of crime holds that individuals commit crimes due tolack of self-control, which instigates criminal behavior(Williams & McShane, 2013).In that case, personal awareness and hard work can help people toescape from criminal activities and, as well become successful in thesociety. However, the definite lack of self-control corrupts theentire society, especially to the wealthy people who find variousillegal avenues to amass more wealth. Unlike the poor individuals whocommit small and insignificant crimes, the corporate executives andpoliticians get involved in highly dangerous crimes such asextortion, smuggling, and murder. For instance, drug cartels investheavily in selling illegal drugs, which harm the society, instead ofusing such wealth to uplift the living conditions of the lessadvantaged. Additionally, when such people are caught, they aresubjected to harsh sentences under the law. Therefore, when there isinsufficient self-control to such crimes, the government shouldenhance strict measures to protect the society, as well as maintainlaw and order.
Mostcrimes are said to originate from families, as well as due to socialinjustices such as racial inequality. Therefore, it is imperative forthe constitution to protect all individuals regardless of theirorigin. Further, the judicial system should be enhanced to developstringent measures and procedures of achieving real justice to allthe offenders. It is evident that when the law is observed, the crimerates tend to reduce, as people become afraid of the punishments.Additionally, it is the responsibility of all individuals in thesociety to join forces with the governmental and private institutionsto eliminate the vice or crime, as well as criminals. Therefore, thecommunity can work towards rooting out the culprits from the familylevel to distinguish illegal activities further to the nationallevel.
Criminalactivities adversely affect the daily operations of the society, andit should be a collective call for all people to join and reducecrime. Most importantly, understanding the theories of criminologycan help to devise ways and methods of handling and to exterminateillegal activities. Lastly, the judicial system and the privateinstitutions should enforce the law to ensure that peace and orderare maintained in the society.
Williams,F. P., & McShane, M. D. (2013). Criminologicaltheory.Pearson.