Critical Thinking

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Summary:The Use of Argument and Evidence

Anargument is usually supported by verifiable evidence. A persuasiveargument ought to have a valid and sound claim to be accepted by thereader. Factors such as culture, religion, and politics have asignificant impact on persuasion[ CITATION Mil141 l 1033 ].An argument can be inductive or deductive. Always avoid evidence thatis outdated, irrelevant, and inaccurate, just to mention a few.

Position

Ibelieve the topic is informative and provides significant ideas onhow individuals can present their arguments. The primary aim ofmaking an argument is to persuade the reader or audience. The topicis a representation of a typical conversation where an individualmakes a claim or argument and supports it with verifiable evidence.I, therefore, believe that people ought to make a valid and soundevidence that is universally accepted. Despite the provision ofverifiable evidence, people can dismiss a claim based on religious,political, and cultural ideologies. Therefore, providing verifiableevidence is not justifiable since there are perceived suppositions.When making an argument, one should put various factors intoconsideration. For instance, the evidence provided ought to besufficient, up to date, corroborated, and relevant, among others. Thegoal of argument and evidence is to persuade the audience or readersinto believing the claim. Other factors such as the dress code,professional status, authority, showing confidence, and presentingevidence with adequate comprehension ensures persuasion.

Explorethe Evidence to Support the Position

ScientificEvidence

Anargument, usually, takes the form of inductive or deductive inpresenting a particular claim. A deductive argument narrows down froma broader perspective to provide the reader with a particularproposition[ CITATION Mil141 l 1033 ].On the other hand, an inductive argument is derived from a narrow/specific point to a broader point of view.

Historicaland Legal Evidence

Overthe years, politicians have uttered statements that have later beenproved to be idealized and manipulated to fit their interests. Someof the statements and arguments made in public do not presentadequate and solid evidence. As such, the general public has losttrust and confidence on some of these political figures.

StatisticalEvidence

Itis vital for an individual to provide accurate evidence in order topersuade the audience or readers[ CITATION Mil141 l 1033 ].For instance, if there is an error in the provided evidence or thedata is inaccurate, the audience will lose trust on the speaker.

RevelatoryEvidence

Religiousmores have a significant impact on persuasion because variousreligions have different beliefs. As such, one religion may have anentirely different perception about a certain idea compared toanother. For instance, atheists do not believe in God whileChristians do.

Problemswith Evidence

Insufficient

Peopleought to ensure that the evidence provided is adequate and containsall the information to back a certain argument.

Irrelevant

Relevantevidence is vital when presenting an argument because people willassess the credibility of the argument by establishing its relevance.

TooBroad

Broadevidence may turn out to be a problem because the reader may getbored or lose interest in the evidence.

TooNarrow

Narrowevidence, on the other hand, may fail to spell out some items in theargument, hence prove to be incredible. As such, a speaker ought toensure that the evidence provided is precise has the right content.

Lackof Understanding

Thespeaker ought to show the audience that he or she has an adequateunderstanding of the topic in order to win their attention. Audienceor readers may lose interest and get bored if the speaker/authorseems to lack full comprehension of the subject.

Reference

Miller,J. (4thJune 2014). Useof Argument and Evidence[Video File]. Retrieved from:https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=JqMYVSWwllw&ampfeature=youtu.be