DECREASING INFECTION IN ICU 4
DecreasingInfection in ICU
DecreasingInfection in ICU
Anintensive care unit is a hospital department that offers high levelsof treatment for people who are critically ill with problems such asfailing major organs systems,for instance, the heart, liver,and the brain. The patients are very vulnerable and susceptible toinfections if they arenot handledin the proper way. However, various precautions can betakenso as to subside the infections. Some of the risk factors inintensive care units include gram-negative bacteria and epidemiologyrelated elements. Accordingly, the essay discusses how the managementof health care units can adopt a change process geared towardsdecreasing infections in intensive care units.
Themanagement should consider creating a conducive working environmentas a change process of minimizing infections in ICU. The move willnot only prevent the infection of the patients but also the careproviders especially nurses who spend a significant amount of timeattending to the patients. The initiative will include hiringcompetent personnel in all specialized disciplines in a health carefacility. Nurses, physicians, dieticians, cleaning people, andtherapists have key mandates in ensuring that risks factorsassociated with infection are reduced substantially (InMarquis & Huston, 2014).For effective performance, the health care practitioners should worktogether toreduce the risk of infections. Moreover, they should be very cautiousbecause they are the most potential diseasecarriers because they frequently attend to the patients and thus,should have high levels of hygiene at all times (Pronovost,Needham, Berenholtz, Sinopoli, Chu, Cosgrove, & Bander, 2015).
Isolationof patients is a very usefulstep towards reducing chances of infection of especially of highlycommunicable diseases and known carriers of bacterial infections thatthe management should adopt. Immune compromised patients can,therefore,be monitored properly without the risk of opportunistic infections.The rooms should have glass partitions and well-fitting doors forobservation and ventilation (InMarquis & Huston, 2014).The majority of the people in ICU lack key motor skills and thushave limited control over their bodies. In this regard,the healthcare professionals should provide primary care services tothe patients in an objective of reducing the severity of theinfection risk factors. For instance, the physicians can useimpregnated catheters toreduce the rates of Urinary Tract Infections associated withthe conventionaldevices (Pronovost et al., 2015).
Themanagement should advocate for safety measures such as hand washingand sterilizing equipment as a measure of reducing infections.Unhygienic handling of patients and use of unsterilized tools aresome of the major factors that contribute to bacteria relatedinfections (Pronovost et al., 2015). The administration should alsoconsider investing heavily inthe healthcare infrastructure and medication as well. Research showsthat the use of antibiotics in ICUs results in reduced infectionssince they boost the immunity of the patients (In Marquis, Huston,2014). However, the antibiotics should be administered in a mannerthat reduces the chances of the infection causative factorsespecially bacteria from developing resistance.
Insum, the management of health care facilities needsto implement a change process related to creating a conducive workingenvironment in an attempt to reduce infections in ICU. Theadministration should thus, hire competent medical care providers andinvest heavily in infrastructure. Varioussupportive policies such as isolation of patients should also beconsidered.
InMarquis, B.L. & Huston, C.J. (2014). Leadership roles andmanagement functions in nursing: Theory and application (8th ed.).Philadelphia, PA: Lippincott, Williams & Wilkins.
Pronovost,P., Needham, D., Berenholtz, S., Sinopoli, D., Chu, H., Cosgrove, S.,& Bander, J. (2015). An intervention to decrease catheter-relatedbloodstream infections in the ICU. NewEngland Journal of Medicine,355(26),2725-2732.