Ecologyis the branch of science that deals with the relations of organismsto one another and to their physical surrounding (J.L. Chapman, M. J. Reiss pg. 1).In order for organisms to exist they must respond or adjust to theconditions of their environment. However, these early organisms areinherent in them the potential for expansion, as they later spreadinto other and more rigorous habitats, particularly fresh water andland.
Wildlifeconservation and the loss of species
Thenumber one cause of species loss is in fact the loss of theirhabitat. When a species is lost, it is impossible to predict thefull extent of the effect this loss will bring on the ecosystem. Dueto human activities such as slashing and burning has greatly affectedthe loss of rainforest thus contributing to the extinct nature ofthese species. Slash and burn agriculture involves the cutting downof acres of rainforest and burning the harvested growth to clear theland. These burned organisms fertilize the soil, but only at aminimal extent. Therefore there is no abundance of decomposing plantsto fertilize the soil, and these cleared areas only support life fora very short period of time (Jean lightner, tom hennigan 2013, pg.34).
Theused area is then entirely depleted off nutrients and the rainforestis unable to reclaim the expired land. These farmers then move to anew acre or two and repeat the same process. Not only this type ofagriculture destroy the life of any regional vegetation, it alsocompletely vaporizes the habitats of the many creatures thrivingwithin the forest.
Someof the advocacy measures to be undertaken to mitigate the problem ofwildlife and microorganisms loss include the following:
Legislation:lawsshould be passed through legislation to protect the environment frompoaching and any other illegal activities that lead to degradation.
Litigation:Toseek compliance with environmental standards by agencies and businessto avoid a situation where businessmen are exploit the environment totheir advantage.
PublicEducation: Thecommunity should be sensitized on the need to protect the environmentfrom destruction and any forms of behavior that destroy the naturalresources in so doing you can influence societal attitudes andbehavior.
CriticalRhetoric: Isthe questioning or criticism of a behavior, policy, societal value orideology.
DirectAction: Toinfluence specific behaviors through acts of protest, including civildisobedience.
MediaEvents: Programswith environmental conservation measures should be televised tocreate publicity or news coverage to broaden the advocacy effects.
Electoralpolitics: Thevoters should be sensitized on the need to elect leaders who have agood track record on environmental conservation. By doing so suchgrievances will be incorporated by the aspirants in their manifestosand proper monitoring is done to ensure such policies are implementedduring and after the electioneering period.
CorporateAccountability: Companiesthat emit industrial effluents to the environment should be heldaccountable. This should be done by consumer boycotts and shareholderactions to influence corporate behavior.
Communityorganizing: Thelocals should be lobbied to stand against any form of environmentalmanipulation. The citizens should act tough by reporting thosedestroying the environment to the authorities.
GreenConsumerism: Thisform of advocacy uses the consumer purchasing power to influencecorporate behavior. The corporate world should be told on the need ofgoing green in the manner they carry out their activities. Theyshould ensure proper disposal of wastes to avoid air pollution, waterand soil.
Advocacybegins by conducting a series of meetings or community consultationswith the local people to understand community-identified needs,priorities, and issues. We stay as long as it takes to build localcapacity. And we leave when we are no longer needed, the project hasbecome sustainable, and our local partner and the community areexpanding the effort on their own.
Advocacyis a powerful tool for a wide range of social change organizations.Groups whose goals range from education awareness about thesignificance of recycling to demands for compensation for smallisland nations most immediately and dramatically affected climatechange to constitute public forums and avenues of actions for diversevoices and concerns. Such collectiveness of people tend to hold morepowerful institutions accountable to democratic and human principlesand often achieve changes that protect more vulnerable populationsand public interest.
Glass,K. E. A., & San José State University. (2014). "Ispeak for the trees": An exploration of environmental advocacyand speaker credibility in Dr. Seuss` The Lorax.
InRoy, H. E. (2014). TheEcology of Fungal Entomopathogens.Guildford: Springer London.
Mangham,C. W., & California Community Colleges Fund for InstructionalImprovement. (2013). Agentsof change: Instructional improvement projects in California communitycolleges. California: publisher not identified.
Santra,S. C. (2014). Ecology:Basic and applied.New Delhi: M D Publications.