EHRAdoption Rates in the USA
Electronic healthrecords (EHRs) have enabled healthcare professionals to acquire andstore patients’ information in an organized manner. EHRs allowpatients and doctors to communicate via videos, emails, andtelephones. A majority of healthcare centers have adopted the EHRmodern technology with the aim of increasing patients’participation, improve coordination, reduce the numbers of hospitalvisitations and ensured improved diagnostics and outcomes. Byutilizing EHR, hospitals become patients-oriented, as they are ableto construct effective decisions, making the entire process oftreatment cost-effective. The paper compares three articles regardingEHR adoption and analyzes of their findings.
The articlesdiscussed comprise adoption of EHR in America by Porter (2013), EHRtrend by Hsiao, Hing, & Ashman (2014) and adoption of EHR byacute care hospitals by Charles,Gabriel, and Furukawa in (2013). All the articles arebased on current statistics that are from the year 2008. All thearticles present the results in terms of percentages and tables,making their discussions easier to understand. For instance, Porterargues that approximately 69% of hospitals were currently employingEHRs in 2013 and Hsiao, Hing, & Ashman state that 71.8% ofgovernment-funded hospitals were using EHRs by the year 2014.Furthermore, all the articles use charts to depict their results.Graphs enable one to understand the trend at a glimpse.
Summary of the Findings
PorterMolley (2013): EHRs Adoption in America
As described byPorter, a majority of healthcare centers have been slow toincorporate EHRs into their systems. However, the trend acceleratedin 2009, when the government passed the HITECH Act, as hospitalsstrived to improve their reputations. The Government also offeredincentives of up to $2 million to the healthcare professionals whoshowed cooperation. The number of physicians utilizing EHRsincreased from 46% in 2009 to approximately 69% in the year 2012. Asdiscussed by Porter, EHRs has received a slow adoption due ofchallenges that consist of cyber-attack threats, financialschallenges, low technical knowledge that demand additional trainingand resistance to change among others.
Hsiao,Hing, & Ashman (2014): United States Trend of EHRs
The authors gave atrend of EHRs adoption as from the year 2007. As discussed by Hsiao,Hing, & Ashman, only 34.7% physicians were using EHRs in 2007.However, the number blossomed to 71.8% in 2014. The key contributingfactors comprise the desire to offer improved services to thephysicians and incentives provided by the Medicaid and Medicare,agencies of the federal government.
Charles,Gabriel, and Furukawa (2013): Adoption of EHRsamong Acute Care Hospitals
The authorsdescribed the adoption of EHRs as from the year 2008 to 2013. Asindicated by their research, 6 in every 10 hospitals dealing withacute conditions have adopted basic EHRs system. The number escalatedto approximately 9 in every 10 hospitals or 93% in 2013, as manyhospitals aimed to possess a certification regarding EHR technology. Among the states that have high adoption include Maryland 73%,Colorado, Arizona 71.1%, and Connecticut 75%, in which majority haveinstalled at least basic EHR technology.
Porter article in2013 describes results in a concise manner and discusses challengesand factors that have contributed to the adoption of EHRs. Inaddition, Porter derives key facts from the past types of researchmaking his work credible. Hsiao, Hing, & Ashman utilizedpercentages, tables, and graphs to explain their findings. The linegraphs used depicts EHRs adoption in an impressive manner, making hiswork reliable. Charles,Gabriel, and Furukawa research in 2013 is representedin terms of a line graph, tables and a map to shows state that thathave adopted EHR to a great extent since 2008. In conclusion, theauthors` work is easier to understand due to the use appropriatetools of data analysis. All the authors in the four articlesconducted research for more than a year, which increases the accuracyof the results obtained.
Charles, D.,Gabriel, M., & Furukawa, M. F. (2013). Adoptionof electronic health record systems among US non-federal acute carehospitals:2008-2012. ONCdata brief, 9,1-9.
Hsiao, C. J.,Hing, E., & Ashman, J. (2014). Trendsin electronic health record system use among office-based physicians,United States, 2007-2012.US Department of Health and Human Services, Centers for DiseaseControl and Prevention, National Center for Health Statistics.
Porter M.(2013). Adoptionof electronic health records in the United States. Kaiser Permanente International