Elements of Effective Leadership

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Elementsof Effective Leadership

Elementsof Effective Leadership

Leadershipcan be described as the act of guiding people. It is an element thatis practiced in many instances such as organizations, learninginstitutions, or states. Proper leadership is a fundamental skill inmany places. For example, managers are tasked with leading by examplein all aspects. Even though not all executives are leaders, employeestypically follow their directions. Another example can be drawn fromproject management. When designing a policy, responsibilities have tobe delegated to the involved individuals, staff members,subcommittee, or working group. Via effective leadership, duties areallocated according to the expertise needed. Poor leadershipfrequently results in administrative failures. As such, research oneffective leadership styles has been rife across the globe. Peoplewant to comprehend the impact of leadership on employees, students,or citizens. This paper will analyze four different articlesexamining the effect of various leadership styles on people. Forinstance, how school administration leadership impacts on thestudents among others.

Descriptionof the process

Whileconducting the literature research, the aim was to illustrate viewson findings from different institutions requiring leadership.Different institutions require varying kinds of leadership styles. Itis only a matter of being effective. As such, many institutions faildue to inappropriate leadership styles. Therefore, the four articlesin consideration will provide a comprehensive analysis of thesituation. Social science aims at establishing challenges faced bydifferent people in the community. Students face different leadershipchallenges while in the learning institutions.

Accordingto Black (2015), effective leaders have four common qualities i.e.leadership maturity, strategic awareness, executive presence, andexecution orientation. This particular study strived to understandthe different qualities that make an efficient leader, particularlyin higher education. In leadership maturity, a person ought toexhibit the true role of a leader. This entails leading effectivelyeven without formal authority. They are also mandated to motivate andinspire others. In some instances, leadership fails when it comes toreceiving and delivering constructive feedback. In other words, if aleader cannot accept and implement suggestions from the people,institutions may fail to achieve its targets. Showing maturity in thelearning institutions requires one to understand the students andimplement policies that are fair [ CITATION Sim15 l 1033 ].

Thefinding also rated strategic awareness as a key aspect of leadership.One of the grave shortcomings of many companies is failing toappropriately educate and involve managers on the strategicsignificance of a plan. Even though many ventures might be naturallyinternal, relating it to the results assists the firm to serve thecustomers or contest proposals critical setting for the team. Assuch, the manager ought to comprehend the organization’s marketsituation. By having adequate knowledge of the market aspects, themanager can display efficient leadership. He/she has to understandthe consumer’s needs as well as the organization’s strategicobjectives. Strategic awareness also compels the project manager tolook for fresh ideas that strive to alter the conventional thinking.In that regard, the manager continuously rehearses the strategicgoals of the firm [ CITATION Sim15 l 1033 ].

Theexecutive presence is also a key element of leadership. An effectiveleader should be able to approach the executive with ease. Whether inthe learning institution or business, the managers and executiveought to relate with ease. A good administration needs all itsconstituents to work harmoniously. In some instances, managers tendto evade situations that lead to executive interactions. In otherwords, they evade physical contact with the fear of being questioned.Such practices typify ineffective leadership. A manager must becomfortable while associating to the senior managers. He/she shouldalso converse freely with the executive to ensure the informationshared is accurate. The manager ought to exude confidence even duringtough situations. A true leader ought to concentrate on providingsolutions rather than using excuses [ CITATION Sim15 l 1033 ].

Leadersalso require execution orientation. This is the aptitude to work withothers and attain the prospected targets. It broadly entailsassociating with other functional leaders outside the administrationto attain the anticipated goals. An administrative leader needs tohave a broader picture of what is necessary to execute as well asimplement in groups and the functional regions. This element alsorequires them to involve others in problem-solving so as to enhanceoperational effectiveness. They also strive to create effectiveperformance indicators. In general, leadership is a crucial factor inan administration that incorporates different elements to attainsuccess. Some of the fundamental facets include executionorientation, executive presence, strategic awareness, and leadershipmaturity [ CITATION Sim15 l 1033 ].

InHeffernan (2015) views, any form of leadership requires a strongdecision-making process. In the study, the researcher wanted toestablish how decision making determines the kind of leadership. Inother words, how people react to various forms of leadership based onpolicy implementation and the decision-making process. Efficientdecision making can be described as the procedure where alternativesare chosen and managed via implementation to attain the managementobjectives. It emanates from systematic procedures that areaccurately defined and handled uniquely. As an administrator, oneneeds to be eloquent enough while making vital decisions related tothe respective institution [ CITATION Mar157 l 1033 ].

Inthis particular study, it strived to establish the effectiveness ofthe decision-making process in administration. The research attemptsto explain the most appropriate decision-making process inadministration. Organizations follow different mechanisms to attainthe best decision. For instance, some prefer the top management tomake all decisions, while others support particular chainsincorporating various departments in reaching a decision. In otherwords, the top management, as well as employees, are involved in theprocess. In the contemporary globe, competition is primarilydependent on the decision-making process. If a company makes wrongchoices, the outcomes lead to limited profits. On the other hand, theright choices result in heightened profits. In that regard, thisskill is crucial for administrators. Apart from ensuring the successof a particular plan, the skill plays a significant role in theattainment of company goals and objectives. Leadership is primarilygauged by the decisions leaders make on behalf of institutions [ CITATION Mar157 l 1033 ].

Barendsand Briner (2014) also attempted to study effective administrationvia the quality of decisions made. In other words, leadership as animportant element in any institution, the quality of decisions madean impact on all the other components. According to Barends andBriner (2014), good quality decisions must incorporate both criticalthinkings as well as the best existing evidence. They further statethat though many business managers use evidence to make choices,little attention is accorded to its quality. Therefore, theorganization incorporates both aspects but fails to observe thequality of proof. As a result, bad decisions are made impactingnegatively on the corporation. The sentiments were echoed by RobertSutton, a Professor at the Stanford University who definesevidenced-based management (EBM) as the process of finding the bestevidence, facing facts, and utilizing them instead of what everyoneelse is doing. It involves using the collected facts appropriately.Using the evidence to make the decisions heightens its quality [ CITATION Eri142 l 1033 ].

Theschool administration leadership also requires effectivecommunication. It a key element of leadership that ensures theemployees or other people work harmoniously. For example, if theleaders and the people who are led are not in one accord, achievingthe prospected targets will be hard. According to Graham Colborne, acapital and projects manager at Barrick Australia-Pacific, which is amining company, a good communication plan keeps the organizationmotivated and the stakeholders engaged [ CITATION Lut15 l 1033 ].

Accordingto the third worldwide PricewaterhouseCoopers LLC (PwC) study on thepresent state of project management, the executives purport thateffective communication is related to 17% increase in finalizingprojects within a particular budget. Likewise, the Towers Watson 2011to 2012 “Change and Communication ROI Study Report” illustratesthat corporations practicing highly-efficient communication have a1.7 times likelihood of outperforming their competitors in terms offinances. Evidently, institutions are conscious of the vitality ofefficient communication in the attainment of strategic projects andthe ultimate success of the organization. Evidently, corporationsthat adopt effective communication are bound to be more successful.Findings also illustrate that high players are more efficientcommunicators. Consequently, it is no wonder that highly-effectivecorrespondents tend to be five times likely to perform than theminimal counterparts [ CITATION Lut15 l 1033 ].

Criteriato determine whether to include the sources

Aselucidated above, the aim of this paper was to discuss the differentaspects contributing to effective leadership. As such, all thesources chosen dwelt on the elements of efficient leadership invarious institutions. Selecting the appropriate sources was based onthe research findings, discussion, objectives, and the hypothesis ofthe studies.

Challengesand lessons learned

Distinguishingbetween a qualitative and a quantitative study proved to be achallenge. This is because most of the articles utilized findingsfrom other researchers. From the discussion above, it is vital tocomprehend the methodologies used in research. Additionally, thetopic is quite wide and different notions can be drawn from variousscholars.


SimonBlack and Barends’ studies proved the most promising. This isbecause the details entailed in the articles are applicable to allforms of leadership. Additionally, the details are quite relevant indifferent institutions requiring leadership. Therefore, thediscussions entailed in the articles are quite accurate.


Black, S. A. (2015). Qualities of Effective Leadership in Higher Education. Open Journal of Leadership, 54-66.

Eric Barends, D. R. (2014). Evindence-Based Management: The Basic Principles. 1-20.

Heffernan, M. (2015). Decision Making as a State of Mind. Pulse of the Profession, 1-22.

Luthra, A. a. (2015). Effective Leadership is all About Communicating Effectively: Connecting Leadership and Communication. InternatIonal Journal of ManageMent &amp BusIness studies, 43-48.