ENVIRONMENTAL HEALTH CONCERN 5
Demographics:San Francisco is a financial hub and 13th most populous city in theUnited States of America located in Northern California. Despite itssmall size, the city is thesecondmost densely populated area in the entire state with the currentpopulation standing at 684,816. San Francisco experienced populationboom from 1848 to 1849 when the number of people increased by 2400%as a consequence of the California Gold Rush. The aim of this studyis to find out the population trends in the city, how communities inthe town have impacted the environment and various remedies that canbe applied to safeguard the ecosystem.
Age:The dominant age bracket of San Francisco inhabitants is between 18and 64 yearssince 73% of the entire population falls within the limit. The cityhas also a substantial number of individuals aged 65 years and overwho amounts to 13.6% of the entire population (Schafran,2016).Persons below the age of five years are 4.4% and those between theages of 5 to 17 years contribute to 9% of the population. Accordingto Schafran (2016), the median age of the city inhabitants is 38.5.
Race:San Francisco`s racial composition is significantly diverse. It has49% Whites, 33% Asians, 6% Blacks, and 0.9%. Schafran (2016)ascertains that they are other races such as the native Hawaiian,Pacific Islanders, American Indian, and Native Alaskan.
Genderbalance:Men take the highest proportion of the population but by a smallmargin in comparison to that of women. According to statistics, thereare 408,462 men and 396,773 women, and when the figures aretranslated into a percentage, there are 50.7 percent and 49.3 % ofmen and females respectively (Schafran,2016).
Language:About a third (34%) of San Franciscans are foreigners and thus, thecity has a myriad of languages. Approximately 60 percent of the cityresidents of the age of 5 and above use as English as a nativelanguage, 18.60 percent speak Chinese, 11.68 % Spanish, and 3.42percent Tagalog. Households speaking Asian languages remains at about26%. An estimated 13% of all the city households are linguisticallyisolated, meaning that these families have difficulty with theEnglish language.
Geographicalcharacteristics:The city occupies the tip of Peninsula halfway up the coast ofNorthern Carolina. San Francisco is surrounded on three sides bybodies of water, namely, the Pacific Ocean, the Golden Gate Straitand the San Francisco Bay. The town is branded as "air-conditionedcity" because the Pacific ecosystem moderates the temperaturesand ensures that the temperature remainsbelow 45 degrees. This climate is almost similar to the one in thecoastal areas of Mediterranean (Schafran,2016).
Housingcharacteristics:The County has 346,527housing units. Individual house ownership stands at 63.9 percent. Themedian value owner-occupied homes are approximated to have a value of178600. The median gross rent stands at $928, and the issued buildingpermits over the last twoyearsare over one million. The ownership rates increased from 35% in 2000to 38% in 202. The overall house vacancy rate of San Francisco is 10%while the unoccupied units that are for seasonal, occasional orrecreational use amount to 16% of all unoccupied units in the city.
Individualsper dwelling:The number of family households inthe city stands at353,287, with each home having at least two people. The number ofpeople per household has remained approximately constant from 2010 to2014 as a consequence of the lowperformance of the real estate sector (Schafran, 2016).
Education:The rate of literacy advancement in San Francisco for the last twoyears has recorded substantial achievements. Over half of the cityresidents aged between 22 and 25years have at least a Bachelor`sdegree, with 19% of these individuals holding post graduate degrees(Schafran,2016).Those with high school degrees or less declined from 33% in 2016 to29% in 2016.
Socio-economicstatus:About 18% of all San Francisco households are economically stable.The numbers of individuals living alone have increased in the lasttwo years resulting in a boost in the number of non-familyhouseholds, which are estimated to account for39% of all households in San Francisco. Most of the families(approximately 52 percent) have an annual income of $70,120. However,when inflation is adjusted, the median household income remainsrelatively flat at $86,670 (Schafran, 2016).
Socialcharacteristics:The San Francisco`s culture is diverse as portrayed by differentarchitectural designs, festivals, museums, arts, and music. The cityhouses the Museum of Modern Art, which attracts 600,000 visitorsannually and the Palace of the Legion Honor characterized withEuropean works (Schafran, 2016). The De Young and Asian Art Museumshave significant anthropological and non-European holdings. The cityalso has a huge number of theaters and live performance venues.
Governance:The city is administered by a council comprised of the Mayor, elevenMember Board of Supervisors, and several elected officers. The Mayoris the head of the executive branch of the city and countygovernment.
Targetpopulation:The people of San Francisco are very welcoming, making the cityconducive to host numerous social and cultural activities. Most ofthe county’s inhabitants are open minded and easy to interact with.
ClinicalHours online research:(01/29/17 and 01/30/17) = 4.5 hours
Telephoningand interviewing informants(01/31/17) = 3 hours
Schafran,A. (2016). Origins of an urban crisis: The restructuring of the SanFrancisco Bay area and the geography of foreclosure. InternationalJournal of Urban and Regional Research,37(2),663-688.