Environmental Science

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Environmentalconservation is an important topic in the modern world sincepollution has subjected all organisms to the risk of death or poorhealth. Domestic waste makes a significant contribution to theenvironmental pollution. Environmental pollution is a major risk toall organisms on earth (Christensen &amp Leege, 2015). Domesticwastes released from homes and most of them are in liquid and solidstates. They have direct as well as indirect impacts on the lives ofthe organisms that live in the ecosystems where they are disposed.This paper will address the environmental issue of domestic waste,with a focus on the description of the ecosystems that are affected,outline of the advocacy plan, and potential impacts of the project.

Descriptionof the Ecosystems That Are Impacted

Thelevel of impact

Thelevel of impact of household waste on the ecosystem can be measuredby determining the quantity that is released and the amount that thestakeholders are able to recycle annually. According to The U.S.Environmental Protection Agency (2017) a total of 258 million tons ofhousehold waste is released in the U.S. annually. However, the samedata indicated that the local as well as the state authorizes areable to recycle or manage 34.6 % only. The rest of the wasteproducts, about 65.4 %, are disposed into landfills, streets, androadsides from where they are drained or brown by the wind to thewater bodies and forests. They pollute the still water andterrestrial ecosystems, including forests and grassland.

Shortand long-term consequences

Improperdisposal of domestic waste has long-term as well as short-termeffects. Some of the key short-term effects include the increase inthe population of pests, blocking of rivers, and odor (Yoada,Chirawuarah &amp Adongo, 2014). This reduces the quality of life ofthe people living in the affected areas. The long-term impacts ofimproper disposal of domestic waste include the spread of diseasesand the death of aquatic animals (such as fish), which occurs whensolid as well as liquid waste accumulate in water bodies, grassland,and forests. Some of the solid wastes are waterproof and they reducethe aeration of soil, which lowers its agricultural production.


Apartfrom the long-term as well as the short-term impacts, domestic wasteshave several collateral damages. For example, some wastes arehazardous and kill animals (including the livestock) that consumethem accidentally (Singh, Jamal, Baba &amp Islam, 2014). Familiesthat lose their animals are at a higher risk of getting poor. Somesolid wastes (such as broken bottles) cause serious injuries tochildren and other people who walk near the landfills or other placeswhere domestic pollutants are placed.


Theobjectives of this advocacy plan are to reduce the quantity ofdomestic waste that is released into the environment irresponsiblyand increase the proportion of pollutants that are recycled annuallyby 90 % within two years.

Wastemanagement is among the key functions of local authorities. However,it is important to invite other stakeholders (including the stategovernment), who will contribute the resources needed to put in placethe modern technology that is required in order to boost the capacityof local authorities to recycle domestic wastes. This paper advocatesfor the installation of the modern machines that have the capacity toseparate waste materials into organic and inorganic components andprocesses them into useful products, such as fertilizer and plasticchairs, respectively. The use of technology, instead of relying ontraditional incinerators and landfills will increase the level ofefficiency and capacity, thus allowing the local authorities to makea large volume of domestic waste. The second solution is civiceducation campaign, which will seek to enlighten households on thesignificance of reusing and recycling some of the materials that theydispose every day. This will go a long way in reducing the wastematerial that local the authority is expected to process annually.

Thetarget and the key decision-makers, who will oversee theimplementation of the aforementioned solutions, include the state andthe local governments. There are five major steps that will befollowed when putting the solutions into action. The first one is theorganization of the stakeholders’ engagement meetings between March20 and April 1, 2017. This will bring together all relevant groups(including the representatives of local as well as the stateauthorities and members of the community) in order to include theircontributions and reduce resistance for changes. The second step ispooling of resources together, which will take place between April 10and July 1, 2017. This responsibility will be assumed by the financemanager in the local government. The third step is the selection andthe installation of the most efficient technology between August 1,2017 and June 1, 2018. This responsibility will be given to thefinance manager, chief engineer, and the administrator in charge ofthe environmental conservation. The fourth step is the organizationof civic education meetings between January 1 and March 2018. Thisresponsibility will be given to the administrator in charge ofenvironmental conservation in the local government. Lastly, a teamcomprising of the finance manager, chief engineer, and theadministrator in charge of the environmental conservation willevaluate the success of the plan in reducing domestic wastes that aredisposed irresponsibly between July 1 and September 1, 2018.

PotentialImpact of the Advocacy Project

Thesuccessful implementation of the advocacy project will have threemajor impacts. The first and the most significant one is thereduction in the quantity of domestic waste products that arereleased into different ecosystems. Most of them will be recycled bythe local authority while the rest will be re-used in homes.Secondly, there will be a significant decline in the prevalence ofdiseases (such as cholera and typhoid) that are attributed toirresponsible disposal of waste. Third, the risk of death oforganisms (such as fish) and plants found in different ecosystemswill reduce.


Domesticwaste is among the most significant issues of concern forenvironmentalists in the modern. The quantity of waste released byhouseholds has been increasing exponentially, following the rapidgrowth in the population. However, the menace can be reduced byempowering the local authorities in order to help them recycle morewastes. In addition, civic education will go a long way in empoweringmembers of the community to play their role in the process ofmanaging domestic wastes. These measures will improve the health ofthe vulnerable communities and save lower the risk of losing thebiodiversity.


Christensen,N. &amp Leege, L. (2015). Theenvironment you.Upper Saddle River: Pearson.

Singh,A., Jamal, S., Baba, S. &amp Islam, M. (2014). Environmental andhealth impacts from slaughter houses located on the city outskirts: Acase study. Journalof Environmental Protection,5, 566-575.

TheU.S. Environmental Protection Agency (2017). Advancing sustainablematerials management: Facts and figures. EPA.Retrieved March 13, 2017, fromhttps://www.epa.gov/smm/advancing-sustainable-materials-management-facts-and-figures

Yoada,R., Chirawuarah, D. &amp Adongo, P. (2014). Domestic waste disposalpractice and perceptions of private sector waste management in urbanAccra. BMCPublic Health,14, 1-10.