ETHICAL DILEMMA 0
Thereare numerous ethical dilemmas that individuals and institutions faceeither in the political, social or economic aspects that determinethe actions they take or make, and human sexuality is not exempted.There are factors that have to be considered before a decision ismade that provide guidelines and frameworks that those makingdecisions rely on. In some instances, such factors have presenteddifferent possible decisions to be made that impact the stakeholdersinvolved either positively or negatively. It hence creates an ethicaldilemma to the decision-makers on the position that they have to makein such incidences. Religious beliefs, family values, and the laweither of state or federal governments in many instances provide theframework that guides the decisions made by either individuals ororganizations. In some instances, the references points have viewedand presented issues differently creating a conflict and dilemmaamong decision-makers on the path to follow especially in instancesthat their views contravene and conflict. However, this paperpresents an ethical dilemma personal analysis where craft store HobbyLobby and Wheaton College have opted to decline birth controlcoverage for their employees or students because they violatereligious principles of the governing organizations.
Theinstitutions are not behaving ethically in my option because of anumber of reasons. For instance, the decision that the college hasmade affects many students including those that do not subscribe tothe religious practices and beliefs. Moreover, there are somereligious practices such as the Protestants that allow severalmethods of birth control that include sterilization and pills (Slade,2017). Wheaton assumption that all students come or subscribe to theRoman Catholic religious beliefs that object all forms ofcontraception are, thus, misinformed making the decisions they havemade to be unethical. They would have consulted widely rather thanrelying on the assumption of compliance by all students and concernedstakeholders. Furthermore, there are students that have openlyexpressed dissatisfaction and protested against the decision as notedin the opinions of the present students as well as the Alumni of thecollege some who have a very strong religious background and beliefsuch as the 74 years old Rev. Katherine Kallis. Furthermore, somereligious groups and institutions have accepted the government planthat indicates that it has good intention and, thus, the basis ofWheaton complaints only results from the philosophical perceptionthat they have tied to religion. And, not the holistic or objectiveanalysis of the benefits that such plans would have not only tostudents but also the entire stakeholders involved in both the schooland the Hobby Lobby craft store.
Additionally,the complaints that Wheaten College presented at the court that theywere being ‘forced’ to implement and use the health plan did nothold water in the eyes of Judge Richard Posner. It is because theyfailed to view the picture objectively and the judge indicated thatin his ruling as such critical decisions cannot only rely on thereligious ground alone to cancel such a noble idea of insurance tothe entire students as indicated also by Kalbian (2014). The federalgovernment discourages colleges from providing health care insurancebut Wheaton went against the decision. Hence, when a comprehensivehealth insurance through the Affordable Care Act brings reforms thatcompel them to include contraception mandate, they ought to complyand not bring a hurdle in the name of religious beliefs that onlyserves a fraction of the students as not all students are from theRoman Catholic. The decision, hence, remains unethical. Moreover,most students are covered under their parent`s health coverage asbeneficiaries and, thus, Wheaton mandatory requirement for studentsto provide health insurance also raises ethical questions because itsuggests replication of actions. They ought to free students that arecovered by their parents so that they do not overcharge students byincreased costs for insurance ($2,700) that they have indicated somestudents are struggling to pay in particular international students.
WheatonCollege, hence, needs to review its decisions in relation to thematter of insurance coverage as it cannot be a coincidence thatpresent students, alumni, and even judicial teams do not agree withthem. It is an indicator that they have omitted or violated grossconcerns and interests that they could have consulted broadly beforethey reached such a decision. For example, they would have analyzedthe impact that the comprehensive contraceptive coverage would haveto college students in particular in increasing the number ofsuccessful graduates.
HobbyLobby decision is also unethical. There are numerous scientificallyproven benefits that result from family planning and birth controlsuch as improved quality of life and wealth creation among others(Hill, Siwatu & Robinson, 2014). Such benefits can be realizedwhen they embrace Affordable Care Act contraceptive rules. They needto have broader metrics that they can use to make decisions otherthan the religious background. Furthermore, there are religiouspractices and beliefs as noted in Protestants that embrace particularbirth control measures. Hence, arguing that it violates the religiousfreedom presents gaps as some religious practices do not share thesame sentiments.
Inconclusion, the two institutions are behaving unethically as theyhave inadequate grounds to make their case stand. They have usedreligion to prevent a noble course that creates more questions andambiguity from their statements as not all religious institutionsagree with their positions creating a conflict of interest within.Additionally, they did not weigh the benefits of the contraceptivecoverage to the concerned stakeholders before they could makeinformed decisions. I, hence, support the decision that they behavedunethically.
Hill,N., Siwatu, M., & Robinson, A. (2014). `My Religion Picked MyBirth Control`: The Influence of Religion on Contraceptive Use.Journalof Religion & Health,53(3), 825-833. doi:10.1007/s10943-013-9678-1
Kalbian,A. H. (2014). Sex,violence & justice: Contraception and the Catholic Church.Washington, D.C.: Georgetown University Press.
Slade,S. (2017). The Never-Ending Pursuit of Religious Liberty. America,216(6), 18-27.