Ethicscan be described as the values that govern an individual’sbehavior. The moral principles recommend the conceptions of right orwrong. Some moral beliefs guide every organization, person, orgovernment. In line with that, various theories define ethics. Theyinclude deontology, utilitarianism, casuist, virtue, and feministamong others. As such, this paper will strive to analyze therelationship between deontological and feminist ethics.
Accordingto the deontology theory, morality is considered a matter of duty.Therefore, people are morally bounded by rules to establish whetherthey are right or wrong. Consequences do not determine whethersomething is appropriate. It is regarded as a duty-based ethics. Forinstance, in a community that disregards stealing, a person whoconducts the act contravenes the rules, which is morally wrong. Inthe contemporary globe, many aspects are guided by this theory. Onthe other hand, the feminist theory is founded on nurturance andidentifies interdependency among humans hence, a duty to safeguardand care for others grounded on real connections and an overallfeeling of value for human life. As such, a moral act is based on thepositive treatment of other people without prejudice. It also entailsbeing supportive of the needy.
Thefeminist’s theory does not discredit Kant’s account. Instead,they have a relation in terms of its application. However, thedeontology theory leaves a wide gap regarding self-determination,which is emphasized in the feminists’ philosophy. Applications tofeminists as women habitually deprived of self-determination andfortified to recognize fervently with the desires of others. In thatregard, the perception of ethics as self-governance has never beenrealized in females like in their male counterparts. Apart frommaking men the core beneficiaries of the philosophies, the beliefsignored the societal nature of ethical comprehension. However, thisdoes not mean that all must contribute equally to these nobleenterprises. As such, a societal perception of moral understandingthat ignores personal females’ ethical competence cannot serve toend their oppression.
Ethicsmust not be typically meant for the men. Morals should not be thestruggle of the institutionalization or rights of intangibleideologies of impartiality instead, on creating human relations infactual circumstances. The primary aim of having morals is not forpersonal freedom or liberty instead, it ought to be for caring forall the people in the different circumstances. A virtuous life, whichis moderate depending on the individual rather than one of impartialjustice.
Thefeminist morals were devised to reformulate, rethink, or revise thetraditional theories that seemed to demean the females’ moralexperience. As such, though the Kantian theory is applied in severalinstances, it appears to have let the females down in several ways.First, it does not show adequate concern regarding the women while itdwells on many aspects of the males. In other words, it only strivedto elucidate on the male morals without adequately addressing thefemales. As such, contention does not revolve around theapplicability of the philosophy rather, it dwells on the concernedpersonalities. Apart from that, the Kantian view does not emphasizeon the private world that is areas where women strive with housechores. As such, the feminist theory seeks to underline theirvitality within the society. In another perspective, the deontologyconcept does not portray women as ethically mature as the men. It isa contentious issue facing the inception of the feminist philosophy.
Anotherdifference concerns the portrayal of men. For example, conventional,including the Kantian morals tend to overrate masculine traits suchas autonomy, will, hierarchy, domination, war, health, intellect,wariness, asceticism, death, and transcendence while it undervaluingsocially feminine characters such as emotion, trust, body, nature,immanence, peace, joy, life, connection, sharing, and community. Thedeontology model also favors the men’s perception or ratherreasoning of moral values. It emphasizes on rights, impartiality, andrules over the women’s view of ethical reasoning that characterizepartiality, particularity, relationships, and responsibilities.
Thefeminist`s theories have created several gender-related models tomorals that seek to dwell on the aspects Kantian theory neglected orfailed to address women. Some feminist ethicists accentuate problemsassociated with females` personalities and conduct, especially theircaregiving ones. Furthermore, they emphasize on political, economic,ideological, and legal impacts of women’ second-sex status.Nonetheless, they all stress the importance of gendered ethics, whichstrives to eradicate the repression of any kind of group.
Inconclusion, according to Carol Gilligan, the conventional ethicaltheories, including the Kantian concept are unreliable to somedegree. This is because the practices, policies, and principles lack,trivialize, demean, or ignore the virtues and values related to thefemales. Evidently, the Kantian theory among other traditionalconcepts mainly based their assertions on the males. Most of theaspects entailed in the Kantian theory revolves around the men.Though the feminist imply that the deontology concepts were biased,it is not an entirely accurate perception. This is because thephilosophy only generalizes aspects according to the social settingsof this period. In other words, at that time, men were dominant inmany ways as compared to the females. However, the motives of thetheory can be applied in both genders. Additionally, the traitsperceived as female-based are experienced by both genders.