Evaluationof Natalie et al.’s Essay on Biodiversity and Human Health
Indeed,the adverse and erratic weather patterns are a resultant outcome ofhuman society’s failure to regard biodiversity within ecosystemswith the seriousness deserved. For an extended time now, scientistshave made concerted efforts towards highlighting the dangers humanitycontinues exposing itself to by being oblivious to disregard for theenvironment that sustains life. Humanity shows even greater ignorancerelative to the biodiversity nature nurtures and contributions thismake towards healthy ecosystems and by extension, human health. Theessay InBiodiversity, Cultural Pathways, and Human Health: A Frameworkby Natalie et al. offers linkages between changes in biodiversityrelative to human health, well-being, and cultural values. Thediscourse illustrates evidence as to the significance of biodiversityin natural environments as critical to human health as well aswell-being via cultural pathways.
Thewriters highlight biodiversity as a critical natural element foundedon the fact that humanity derives sources of labor, raw materials,and food from the natural environment. More so, diversity in humancultures and societies is projected through unique flora and fauna.For instance, the American emblem features the eagle while that ofthe UK features lions. The same is common among different nationalsocieties and as such, signifies diversity of biosphere in theregions. This implies that human well-being as well as health isclosely regarded through the national emblems. For example, theBritish feel as brave and dominant as lions while Americans seek tosoar above like the eagle. Biodiversity thus is of culturalimportance to humanity and such a loss may in essence translate toloss of the desired sense of well-being and even health statusesamongst different human societies.
Theauthors clearly present evidences to this effect by noting thecontemporary increase in interest in wildlife tourism andconservation. For example, “Participation in the Great BackyardBird Count increased from 52,000 participants in 2005 to more than136,000 in 2013” (Clark et al. 199). Similarly, the resultantenvironmental degradation stemming from climate change has led toaffected human societies suffering poor metal health. This ultimatelyimplies that healthy biodiversity will most likely allow for greatermental health in man. For instance, the poor use of availableresources has pushed corporate entities to experience unfavorableindustrial and financial impacts resulting in higher stress levelsamong stakeholders (Clark 199).
An unhealthy mental status inadvertently translates to compromisedhuman health. Clark et al. point to evidence that reduced well-beingdue to psychological imbalances translate to greater risk ofcontracting type 2 diabetes mellitus and heart ailments (201). Theseverity of these illnesses points to the serious impact biodiversityhas on human health. However, there remains a lack distinctivelinkage between human health and biodiversity. The relationshipsgiven are essentially on simple selection mechanisms normallyinvoking only two variables, the ecosystem biodiversity and humanhealth. Clark et al. suggest that proximity to biodiversity as amanipulated variable with socioeconomic and demographic traitsremaining as control factors (201-202). The authors conclude bycalling for greater research studies with an emphasis onbiodiversity’s potential impacts on human health and well-being.However, the evidence available requires greater scientific inquirypoints to the fact that there are distinctive societal healthadvantages stemming from natural biodiversity. Such evidence can workto support concerted effort by all societal stakeholders towardssupporting the conservation of remaining biodiversity by pushing formore to be done regarding climate change.
Clark,Natalie E., Lovell Rebecca, Wheeler, Benedict W., Higgins, Sahran L.,Depledge, Michael H. and Norris Ken. “Biodiversity, culturalpathways, and human health: a framework.” Trendsin Ecology & Evolution 29.4(2014): 198-204.https://ore.exeter.ac.uk/repository/bitstream/handle/10871/15076/1-s2.0-S0169534714000238-main_wheeler_etal.pdf?sequence=2&isAllowed=y.Accessed 29 March 2017.