Socialchanges are evident in every society. These variations in populationswith time affect the social institutions, nature, social relations,and behaviors of the people (Harper& Leicht, 2015).According to philosophers, society moves forward in an evolutionarymeans (Harper& Leicht, 2015).One of the most significant changes in history is the shift fromfeudalism towards capitalism over the past centuries. Factors such astechnology, religion, economic conditions, culture, and scientificdiscoveries have significant impacts on this aspect. This paper seeksto describe the nature of some of the identifiable social changes.
Basedon a conversation I had with an older member of the society, some ofthe identifiable changes in their lifetime include the variationspopulation patterns and equal gender patterns. The respondent arguedthat the population has been increasing rapidly. As a result, some ofthe global challenges arose. He cited environmental degradation, poorliving conditions in the cities, traffic congestions, and othersocial problems as one of the impacts that accompanied thisdemographic shift. Additionally, the societal expectation of genderroles has evolved. In the past, both men and women had a unique setof tasks that they were expected to perform. However, currently, thewomen are increasingly engaging in activities that were reserved forthe men in the previously male-dominated societies. The family memberI questioned regarding the same issue agreed that technologicaladvancements have led to great changes in the social behaviors of thepeople. For instance, individuals have gained an ability to workoutside their communities leading to the sharing of beliefs andknowledge. On the other hand, the use of handheld technology such asthe mobile phones has also had significant impacts on the way peoplesocialize. The modern ways of communication have enabled people toremain very social (Harper& Leicht, 2015).The past dream of the people to stay updated on the social trends andcommunications has been achieved.
Thegreatest event in these individuals’ lifetime is the evolution inthe technology. These people feel that the use of technology in theindustries, communication, media, and even the agricultural sectorhas greatly influenced people’s ways of life. The labor force,production, and consumption patterns have all been influenced by thetechnological advancement. The respondents also felt that thetechnological advancement will significantly influence the futurechanges in the social aspect. According to them, the technology willcontinue to evolve leading to even greater impacts on the humanlives. On the other hand, people have continually become responsibleof the political and other institutions within the society. Forinstance, individuals have been able to question their leaders andalso the aspirants regarding the economic well-being of theirnations. This condition has made sure that the leaders areaccountable for their actions. The leaders’ behavior, performance,and suggestions are shared via the media within a short time. Therespondents felt that these technological advancements have helpedpromote the practice of democracy in many nations.
Asevident in the respondent’s assertions and on my personalobservation, the changes identified are progressive rather thanretrogressive. These observations are in support of Darwin’s theoryof evolutionary functionalist perspective. The behaviors andattitudes embraced today are more advanced than the ones of theearlier societies (Harper& Leicht, 2015).The aspect of social evolution was also supported by Auguste Comtewho suggested that the human societies were constantly progressinginto the use of scientific methods (Harper& Leicht, 2015).In my opinion, social change is always a representation of society’sprogress.
Inconclusion, as evident in this paper, different generations havevarying attitudes, behaviors, and traditions. According to therespondents of this survey, these social changes are brought about bythe demographic and technological variations that occur over time.Additionally, the changes are a representation of progress in acommunity compared with the past generations.
Harper,C. L., & Leicht, K. T. (2015). Exploringsocial change: America and the world.Routledge.