Family Health Assessment

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FamilyHealth Assessment


FamilyHealth Assessment

Healthcare plays a critical part for many families and society as a whole.The family as a basic unit of the society, thus, forms the foundationof any society development that makes the family health a significantconcern. The family, therefore, acts as a resource for its componentsthat shapes the health and the day to day living. The family providesthe most relevant resources for a healthy living such as shelter,food, and contact with medical care, self-worth, and shelter amongothers. The family, hence, is a major component that has to beconsidered in the presentation of health issues. However, this paperpresents an analyzed interview result of a family on health concernsand summarizes the findings for each functional health pattern.

Values,Health Perception

Thefirst functional health pattern of values, health perception notesthat the family is exposed and aware of healthy habits. Moreover,paramount issues such as hygiene, exercise and healthy eating amongothers. They note the importance of health to the family and societyas a whole. It provides the basic foundations and frameworks in whichother needs and concerns either in the economic, political or socialaspects can be released. The family affirms that health care has tobe ascertained before many other interests in life (Kaakinen, Coehlo,Steele, Tabacco &amp Hanson, 2015). They note that the mentionedfactors can improve immunity and reduce exposure to germs such asbacteria that can cause illness.


Nutrition,the second functional health pattern is also considered vitalaccording to the family. They note that in the present times, it isnot just about eating but eating healthy nutritious foods. Forexample, a meal with the right proportion of nutritious componentssuch as protein, fats, and carbohydrates among others. The familyconsiders nutritious content and level of fats as an example. Theyare informed about unhealthy meals rich in fats and calories that canresult in obesity and related health concerns such as the developmentof heart diseases among others. Financial constraints and difficultyin getting and tracing the source of the food they purchaseespecially in the grocery present the family with challenges inrealizing their nutrition goals. For example, the price of highlynutritious foods is slightly higher due to increased demands andinformed publics.

Sleepand Rest

Thethird functional health pattern of sleep or rest the family considersnecessary. The family has put up measures that ensure everybody getsenough rest and sleep such as early preparation of meals and settingspecific times that everybody in the family ought to have rested.They are aware the importance of enough sleep and rest such aspositive growth and development of children. Also, they recognizethat it refreshes the mind in adults that result in high productionat work. Moreover, they family notes that lack of sleep can result inhealth complications and challenges such as diabetes, heart disease,and obesity among others and reduced production in the workenvironment (Weber &amp Kelley, 2013). Tight work schedule andballooning family demands limit the sleep time for the parents asthey have to work the extra hours to earn enough income for thefamily.


Eliminationthe fourth functional health pattern is considered significant by thefamily because it helps keep their bodies and environment healthy.They dispose of waste properly that enhances the hygiene andcleanliness of their home. Water, for drinking and generalcleanliness, helps the family in the elimination process as well asconsistency in the cleanliness. They have the set standards androutine practices that improve the elimination process and teachtheir younger ones and visitors on the best ways and practices thatpromote elimination.

Activityand Exercise

Activityor exercise, the next functional health pattern is important to thefamily. It helps them keep fit and removal of wastes for instancethrough sweat. They have set up programs where the family engages inexercise activities such as running in the nearby park andparticipating in family sports mostly on the weekends when allmembers of the family are present. Time is a great challengeaccording to the family that hinders them from realizing theirexercising programs. For example, during the weekends the parentsmight be committed to work or other activities that reduce the timeused up exercising.


Next,cognitive functional health is appreciated by the family. Accordingto the family, it helps them make informed decisions in aspects oflife. They, hence, encourage reading and studying and sharing of newinformation and discoveries in the world as recommended by O`Hanrahanet al., (2017). The parents monitor the education development oftheir children carefully. They provide the relevant resources andmaterials as well as cooperating with the schools that their childrenattend. The family notes that providing basic health and safe familyenvironment that is peaceful enhances positive development and growthof the cognitive.


Sensory-perceptionas a following functional health pattern according to the family isequally important to health. The senses that include of touch, smell,hearing, and vision among others would enable the family note anddetect early problem either in the internal or external surrounding.The senses, thus, according to the family are crucial. The family canimprove the senses by observing the necessary relevant healthcarerequirements such as healthy eating and exercising among others.


Subsequently,self-perception is critical to the family. The members of the familyperceive themselves positively. They realize that the family isunique and exceptional in its ways and they have their strengths andweakness. The self-esteem of the family members is high making them aproud family. The family relies on open communication andrelationship where members can share what they experience and feelopenly improving their confidence and belief in the family andindividual members. The family discourages having negative thoughtsabout themselves and each member. It is because they recognize it canhinder them from realizing their full potential in life. For example,fail to tryout opportunities and build a strong network of friends.


Rolerelationship as a next functional health pattern also excites thefamily. They have distributed roles, and each is expected to fulfilltheir roles. There are roles that each member does and those that theentire family does. According to the family, sharing the tasks buildsteamwork and cooperation among family members. They encourageconsulting and exchange of experiences that improves each member’srole. They recognize that sharing the role reduces the burden andstrain of the family members (Weber &amp Kelley, 2013).


Sexualityas a functional health pattern is critical to the family as theirchildren are approaching adolescent stages where they expect torealize physical and emotional changes to their bodies. The mother ismostly concerned with teaching the daughters sensitive issues relatedto sexuality, and the father teaches the son. They consult withprofessionals and experts on the best ways to approach the sexualitysubject. The family relies on the school to help teach their childrenabout sexuality in addition to what they share with the children athome. Timing is very critical according to the family when handlingsexuality issues. They have consulted the professionals whom theyrely to guide and give them advice on the right context. Also, thecorrect timing that such education with their children. However, theparents are well organized and address their sexuality concerns withmuch ease due to their open communication and healthy relationship.


Finally,coping as a functional health pattern is viewed positively by thefamily. The family recognizes that challenges exist in life and,hence, they have to strike mechanism that can help them cope. Forexample, the family and parents, in particular, have a savingsaccount where they channel additional income they get to help themduring difficult financial times. They have also establishedalternative measures and actions that they can do when their initialintended goals cannot be reached. For example, when they cannotafford nutritional plans or food as initially intended, they can optfor a similar food that would give them required nutritional content.For example, they can opt for beans when acquiring beef becomeschallenging. Flexibility helps the family overcome the internal aswell as the external changes that might lead to stress and copingdifficulties (Kaakinen et al., 2015).

Thetwo wellness problems the presented family has to include lack ofenough exercise or activity as well as limited sleeps patterns. It isdue to the limited time and expanding family needs that compels theparents to work extra hard to realize family needs. They pose awellness problem that the family has to look for alternative ways tohandle them objectively.

Inconclusion, the family health assessment is an important process thateach family needs to note down and help them improve in areas thatthe family has the weakness. Only through the assessment, thatobjective measures can be initiated to contribute to improving familyhealth.


Kaakinen,J. R., Coehlo, D. P., Steele, R., Tabacco, A., &amp Hanson, S. M. H.(2015). Familyhealth care nursing: Theory, practice, and research(5thEd.). Philadelphia: F.A. Davis Company.

O`Hanrahan,K., Daly White, M., Carr, A., Cahill, P., Keenleyside, M., Fitzhenry,M., &amp … Browne, S. (2017). Validation of 28 and 15 itemversions of the SCORE family assessment questionnaire with adultmental health service users. Journalof Family Therapy,39(1), 4-20. doi:10.1111/1467-6427.12107

Weber,J.R. &amp Kelley, J.H. (2013). Healthassessment in nursing.Philadelphia: Lippincott Williams &amp Wilkins.