File Management

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AnOperating System plays acts as an interface thatbridgesthe gap between the hardware and the software of a computer andultimately, enables the users to execute various activities. Thereare various applications that are installed oncomputers to make it possible for end users to interact with theoperating systems. In this perspective, it is imperative tounderstand the various components and functions of file managementsystems, including content structure and directory, as the knowledgewill aid individuals when filing documents. Consequently, filebackup, recovery, storage consolidation, fault tolerance, filemanipulation, storage allocation, and access are vital concepts thatan Information Technology expert should understand.


Anoperating systemisdefined as software that oversees the management of computer programsand hardware, and also provides a common platform where all othersoftware can operate. This analysis opts for the analysis of Windowsas the sample operating system. As such, an operating system performsa range of activities that span from systems programs to userprograms, such as name servers, printer spooler, file servers, andothers. There are various components that are attached to any oneoperating system, including the kernel, interrupts, programexecution, modes, memory management, virtual memory, multitasking,disc access and file systems, device drivers, networking, userinterface, security, and others.

Thekernel’s role is to manage memory access for software that iscontained in the RAM, thereby determining the kind of programs thatare admitted into the hardware resources (Garido &amp Garido, 2013).Secondly, program execution is an interface that provides a platformwhere applications can interact with the available hardware throughcommands. Interrupts are a major part of operating systems, ensuringthat there is a channel that makes it possible for an operatingsystem to react with the environment.

Requirementsfor Windows

FileManagement describes the basic methods for storing, naming, andhandling files. As such, the use of appropriate folder and filenaming strategies, alongside acceptable practices of metadata andcatalog software, one is able to make the most of his chosenoperating system. Different operating systems have variedrequirements when it comes to the task of file management. Forinstance, the Windows 10 has a different set of requirements comparedto the others, such as the Mac OS, Linux, and others. The firstrequirement for this type of windows is that the bit rate of thecomputer should be able to support the two latest versions, includingWindows 7 SP1 and Windows 8.1 Update. The processor should be 1gigabyte for the 32-bit computer and 2 GB for the 64-bit computer.The hard disk space should be either 16 GB for the 32-bit operatingsystem and 20 GB for the 64-bit operating system.

FileTypes, Structures, and Management for Windows

Thefile structure, types, and mode of management differ between WindowsOS and the Mac OS. The Windows OS always creates a drivethat has an associated drive letter so that it retrieving filesbecomes an easy task (Waters &amp Palmer, 2012). The notable featureofthe Mac OS is that it is able to store and read all types of fileseven if they are old in terms of structure/model. Unlike the Mac OS,Windows uses the NTFS file system to manage files and variouscommands issued. It is a file with a special format that is locatedin the MFT and enables the OS to address hard drive issues directly(Garido &amp Garido, 2013). The OS windows feature as a folder thatis located on the partitioned system of the hard disk (Garido &ampGarido, 2013). On the other hand, the Mac OS has more than onedirectory reveals an application called Finder and has somedirectories that are unfamiliar.

Windowsand Mac OS

Fromthe views of a majority of Information Technology experts, Windows isdeemed as more efficient and user-friendlythan the Mac OS. The high market preference is attributed to the factthat it offers better peripheral and machine management. What ismore, there are a more control options in Windows, thereby making thetask of file management easier (Haldar, 2016). As opposed to Windows,the Mac OS cannot be customized and provides room for a lot moreapplications that make it more user-friendly.On the other hand, the Mac OS is more favored amongst some sectionsbecause of its effective security strategyand is more stable than the Windows OS. In addition, it is morestable, unlike the Windows,whichis vulnerable to crashes, thereby making it less reliable. When itcomes to file management, the Mac OS uses an application calledFinder, the equivalent of windows explorer, just that it has anadditional feature. The Mac OS provides an appropriate icon for everysingle file type, the trash on the desktop, and the tree navigationsystem (Garido &amp Garido, 2013).

CommandLines and Windows GUI

Thereare many methods for creating, deleting, and editing files, includingthe Windows GUI and the command line. The command line makes itpossible for a user to navigate through more than one directory anddelete or edit a file altogether. Secondly, the Graphical UserInterface (GUI) presents visual indicators and graphical icons, andto manipulate a document, the user is just required to issue commandsthrough the keyboard.


Thetype of operating system chosen should be compatible with the specsof the computer at hand. The analysis has evaluated two operatingsystems, including the Windows OS and the Mac OS. While the WindowsOS is highly preferred in the market because it is easier to use andis compatible with many applications, the Mac OS is relativelycomplicated and is not affected by security issues.


Garido,J.M. &amp Garido, J., M. (2013). Principles of Modern OperatingSystems. Burlington: Jones &amp Barret Learning.

Haldar,S. (2016). Operating Systems. New York: Oxford University Press.

Waters,M. &amp Palmer, M. (2012). Guide to Operating Systems. Florence:Cengage Learning.