Supposinga feminist ethics is an ethical theory, which takes genderconsiderations to be very important in various determinations ofwrong or right. Is it then possible for one to accept any form offeminist theory to ensure he/she adopts a perspective of ethicalfeminist? According to me, it is not possible. A moral theory isenough to meet the goals of feminist. In this course, I have studieda theory called non-feminist moral theory (Held, 2012). A feministtheory is a theory, which requires one to accept an ethical distinctcharacter. This theory is not really clear in its argument and peoplehave always not defended it adequately. However, using a moral theorypractically and philosophically is enough to meet the goal offeminist. According to Virginia Held, the traditional feministtheories are supposed to be changed or transformed to help in takingan account of the women experience. The logic means that maleindividuals are determinate, active, can transcend, and create thehistory of humans. On the other hand, the female individuals areindeterminate, passive, and very inferior they are only supposed tosatisfy the biological wants and nature in general.
Mostof the contemporary and traditional moralists dismiss the fact thatmothering is in the category of moral theory they argue that themothering act only falls in the category of nature thus feministtheory. Taking, for example, self-sacrifice account by most mothers,which is often excluded from the supererogatory realm since womenhave generally been regarded as irrational and emotional beings whoare incapable of having full personhood. To continue building on theprinciples of rationality and opposed to the emotions by includingwomen to the rational members will surely leave nobody to help in thereflection of the heart promptings. We will then be in a serioustrouble.
Accordingto the morality theory, there are some moral beliefs that people musthold on to. Such beliefs include the belief that women have alwaysbeen the victims of all the wrongdoings within our society. Anotherbelief is that some women are still being oppressed and most of theways the society treat women are actually not right. There are alsoother several moral judgments like the above-mentioned two that aresupposed to be voiced at different levels of generality orparticularity. The moral-ethical theory of non-feminism alsoaddresses the question of the relationship between ‘emotion’ and‘reason’. The debate on the relationship between these two termsis best seen when moral interpersonal interaction and ethicaldecision-making are in play. According to Virginia, empathy, caring,and having feelings for other people are all very crucial in guidingthe actual requirements of morality (Held, 2012). Some people agreewith the point while others who fully believe in the feminist theorywill argue that emotional attitudes on the moral issues are actuallyinterfering with the rationality and should always be disregarded.Even though some people will disagree with Virginia’s point, insome cases emotions yield epistemic insight. However, sometimes thesame emotions reinforce prejudices that are not justified, which thenmakes it very difficult to differentiate ‘reason’ from ‘emotion’.
Thefeminist theory without enough evidences is never adequatetherefore, gender ethics requires other adequate ethical theorieslike the non-feminist moral theory. This theory will only be adequateif it has got the correct and exact implications for both men andwomen and for the correct reasons. Hopefully, everyone will be ableto agree on the theory and ask questions on this particular andspecific theory instead of attempting to unproductively find outwhether the theory is feminist or not.
Held,V. (2012). Feministmorality: Transforming culture, society, and politics.Chicago u.a: Univ. of Chicago Press.