Accordingto James E. Vance’s novel, ‘Western Civilizations,` the end ofthe Second World War marked a significant level of civilization inthe global context (Vance 4). In this case, Vance claims that it wasthe collapse of the Soviet system at large that the world would,therefore, reassemble the both the broken and the existing alliancesto ensure that the world becomes one community. For instance, afterthe collapse of the Soviet Union, the European Union that hadpreviously advanced in the western part of Europe during the warbegan to expand thus taking central Europe based on its formercommunist countries. Relatively, the democratic way of governancepracticed under the western style spread to most of the Africancountries as well as to most parts of the Asian and South Americancountries.
Ontop of the useful civilization measures based on the adoption ofappropriate democratic practices, most of the countries resorted to aconsiderable economic expansion which translated to a drastic drop inpoverty. It is through such practical civilization measures that weresupplemented by the war that the economic and political aspects ofthe society were enhanced, thus global culture proving to be arelevant topic to the community (Gong 34). Technically, it is throughthe prevalence of the Second World War that civilization measureswere significantly adopted in many countries. As such, despite theadverse effects of the war, its existence helped in realizing thepotential of taking advanced social, economic, and politicalmeasures.
Theeffectiveness of western civilization
Followingthe prevalence of the war, the West was able to take appropriateactions that reciprocated to the growth of the continent as a whole.Such a growth persists up to the current period where the West setsthe efficient measures of global trade, technological innovation,cultural trends, as well as scientific advances. According to Vance,"the West was still by far the geographical location with themost dominant civilization in the world as of 2005." (Vance 13)Vance continues to claim that after the end of the Second Worldmarked a significant global community whereby the involved nationscollaborated to restructure the destroyed community as a result ofthe war. In this case, the western countries implemented strategiceconomic, social, and political measures that would, in turn,supplement the recovery process efficiently.
Basedon the economic process of civilization, the European countriesformed relevant economic organizations that would involve each, ifnot all of the member states. Through such organizations, each statewas obligated to ensuring that their participation was based onapplicable international relations that enhanced trade, especiallythrough the export and import business. Also, the particular memberstates were funded to revive and restructure their destroyedindustries. This created a sustainable economy for the individualnations which translated to the growth of the European continent as awhole.
Onthe other hand, the political aspect of civilization becamestructured around democracy. Through the equal measures, thecountries would thus allow public participation in the activedecision-making processes which supplemented the efficiency of thegovernance system. More so, the since the equal measures were adoptedin almost all contexts of the world, the global political systemwould thus be subjected to a considerable mode of governance based onthe public intervention (Oesterreich & Konstantin 112).Technically, if not for the significant adverse effects of the SecondWorld War, then the world would not have experienced suchconsiderable measures of civilization. In this case, through theapparent consequences of the war, the affected nations realized theimportance of unity and the implementation of sustainable measuresthat would, in turn, supplement the civilization measures.
Accordingto the novel, Western Civilizations, technological innovations wereenhanced following the persistence of the Second World War. On thisnote, following the fear of another war, each of the affectedcountries resorted to the adoption of important technologicalmeasures that would aid in monitoring and control their territories.Most of the technical measures adopted were based on the militarytactics.
Nevertheless,some of the actions such as the production of nuclear weapons weregoverned by the legislative action implemented by the relevantorganizations such as the United Nations among others. It is throughsuch legislative measures that countries such as North Korea weredeterred from producing nuclear weapons. Despite the adoption ofadvanced technological standards for military purposes, the adoptionof technology also applied to the industrial system, health caresystems, as well as the educational system. Consequently, this led tothe significant growth and development of the European continent overthe other continents. Evidently, without the lessons learn from thedestruction caused by the war, such levels of civilizations would nothave been reached, and if reached they would not have been aseffective as they are (Gong 45).
Criticalaspects of global civilization
Accordingto the critics of the positive impacts of the Second World War, theconsequences of the war were primarily based on the domination ofdiseases, terrorism, and global warming malpractices among othervices. Following the end of the war, severe diseases such as HIV/AIDSand cancer prevailed. Through the prevalence of such diseases, mostpeople lost their lives while others were left to be orphans. It isthe African continent that was relatively affected by such apandemic. Furthermore, environmental concerns increased which weremarked by the voices aired by scientists that expressed their fearson using fuels that contained carbon. Such fuels reciprocated to thecatastrophic climate change which was useful on a global scale. It isat this point that the search for alternative forms of energy thatdid not pollute the environment recorded a new rate of increasedurgency.
Despitethe critical concerns in the aftermath of the Second World War, theaspect of civilization considerable subdues the concerns. In thiscase, since civilization involves the advanced development of aparticular country or continent such negative impacts are thussubjected to effective management practices due to the unity enhancedby the affected countries (Mantoux 37). For example, the consumptionof carbon-based fuels has been, over the years, minimized through theadoption of environmental-friendly types of energy. In a nutshell,the few challenges associated with civilization do not overrule thefact that it is through civilization, which applied after the SecondWorld War that the European continent was and has been dominantregarding development based on the technological innovations, globaltrade, cultural trends, and scientific advancement.
Althoughthe Second World War was characterized by significant destruction ofproperty and the loss of numerous lives, the recovery measuresimplemented by the affected countries after such challenges wereconsiderably useful. Primarily, civilization dominated the recoveryprocesses whereby the newly acquired forms of political governance,economic practices, and social measures have been efficient up todate. It is, therefore, logical to claim that without such achallenged posed by the war, the world would not have reached suchcivilization levels as it currently has and if so, they would not becomparably effective.
Gong,Gerrit W. "Standards of civilization today." Globalizationand Civilizations (2002):77-96.
Mantoux,Paul. Theindustrial revolution in the eighteenth century: An outline of thebeginnings of the modern factory system in England.Routledge, 2013.
Oesterreich,Traugott Konstantin. Possession,Demoniacal And Other: Among Primitive Races, in Antiquity, the MiddleAges and Modern.Vol. 34. Routledge, 2013.
Vance,James E. Thecontinuing city: urban morphology in Western civilization.Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1990.