Health and Wellness Assessment

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Healthand Wellness Assessment

Healthand Wellness Assessment

Client1: Roger

Asa 55-year-old truck driver, Roger covers long distances to deliverconsignments. His lifestyle has been molded by the fact that he staysmostly on the road and therefore cooking or eating home prepared foodis not a viable option. He, therefore, orders fast foods andprocessed snack as he continues with his work. Such kind of diet iscomposed of high sugar and fat content which is why Roger has highcholesterol and also a BMI of 30 placing him under the obese categoryin medical terminology. Apparently, his family has a history of heartdiseases and significantly high cholesterol levels in the body.However, despite all these links, Roger has poor fitness plancomposed of occasional walks without regular physical exercise andalso smokes one packet of cigarette every day.

Anassessment of Roger reveals that he is unhealthy. This is because ofthe already manifest signs and health behavior. First and foremost aBMI of 30 directly translates to obesity, a disease that is likely totrigger the development of other health complications. Instead ofdealing with this metabolic disorder, Roger continues practicingbehaviors that may worsen the situation. Eating fast and processedfoods alone is the major contributor to his obesity and keeping withthe same practice exacerbates the situation. Likewise, cigarettesmoking does not help in the least but instead increases the chancesof getting cardiovascular related diseases and lung or throat canceras well. The fitness model he applies s next to meaningless. Keepingin mind that Roger spends a lot of time on the wheel, vigorousphysical activity could have been part and parcel of the fitnessplan. A family history also says a lot concerning the individual’shealth. Keeping in mind the fact that Roger has a family history ofhigh cholesterol and other heart diseases, his current conditioncould turn out to be the beginning of a lifestyle disease-troubledlife.

Therisk factors faced by Roger range from cancer, stroke, high bloodpressure, heart attack, obesity-related problems and diabetes amongothers. This is because smoking is known as one of the factors thatcan lead to the development of cancer especially lung cancer.Similarly, taking too much fatty and sugary foods is likely to causeobesity and high blood sugar as well. Obesity and high cholesterollevels in the blood are both predisposing factors to heart conditionssuch as stroke and heart attack as well as atherosclerosis. The lackof exercise, poor eating habits, and the family history are graveconsequences to the health of this person, and if ignored, the futureoutcomes may turn out to be debilitating.

Basedon the analysis above, two main options can be considered for theimprovement of health status. The first is to develop better eatinghabits. This includes the incorporation of healthier foods such asbread, vegetables, fruit and milk while reducing considerably fattyand sugary processed foods. This approach will help in dealing withthe weight issue as well as minimize the risk of heart diseases.Likewise, reduction or abstinence from smoking can prove to be afavorable strategy for reducing the risk of cancer. The second optionis based on physical activity. A regular and dedicated fitnessschedule composed of jogging, walking skipping rope or any other formof exercise outside or in a gym works for the reduction of weight,elimination of toxins and breakdown of sugars and fats in the body.It is important to note that a combination of both diet and exercisewill yield optimum m results rather than a single intervention.

Thewebsites “Trucking Life” (Baetu, 2014) and “The Balance”(Schubert, 2016) provide straightforward advice that all drivers canapply to ensure that they do not compromise on health as they go onwith their jobs.

Client2: Mildred

Mildred,on the other hand, is a senior woman aged 75 years and is retired.She lives alone and does most of the chores on her own. Concerningdiet, she incorporates a blend of healthy foods prepared at home andsnacks. Currently, her BMI stands at 23. The family history ischaracterizedby cases of heart diseases, breast and colon cancer, high cholesteroland kidney disorders. He fitness plan involves random walks which aretypically not more than 2 miles every week.

Aninitial assessment of Mildred indicates a state of generalwell-being. Her BMI seems alright for her age while the diet is notonly balanced but also healthy and good for maintaining health. Theoccasional short walks are essential for such a senior, and it helpsin imparting strength to her tired legs. Although being in a notablygood condition, she still faces several health risks that may need tobe taken care of. However, the primary observation based on theassessment is that she should continue with the current lifestylesince it keeps her fit and also reduces the chances of developingother diseases.

Therisk factors that are evident include the development of cancer,heart diseases, high cholesterol levels and kidney diseases. Old ageusually has its disadvantages since the body has begun deteriorating.For this reason, organ malfunction such as the kidney is one of thelikely risks. Likewise, there are risks concerning heart diseases,and also physical challenges such as hearing and vision may set in.Old people usually have a lower immune system, and this can be aroute for which infectious diseases can set in and cause harm to theclient.

Basedon these risk factors and the initial analysis, the first suggestionis to encourage the customer to continue with the routine walks andmaintain the diet. However, it is important to emphasize theimportance of cleanliness and safety so that physical injuries andinfectious diseases can be avoided. Secondly, the client has toundergo routine medical checkups. As mentioned before, old age comeswith a lot of complications, and the best solution is to diagnosethese issues at an early stage so that treatment can begin as soon aspossible. Keeping in mind the fact that Mildred is living alone, itis important to consider her psychological and emotional need forcompanionship. For this reason, several options can be provided. Forone, she can join a retirement or elderly care home, or she can lookfor a person such as a nanny who can take care of some householdchores as well as offer friendship, companionship and to some extent,security in case of emergencies.

Thewebsites “Everyday Health” (Rodriguez, 2013) and “HealthCommunities” (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 2012)provide tips concerning old age and health as well as the steps thatcan help in ensuring joyful aging.


Baetu, T. (2014, August 1). 25 Ways for Drivers to Get (and Stay) Healthier . Retrieved from Trucking Life:

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2012, September 13). Healthy Aging. Retrieved from Health Communities:

Rodriguez, D. (2013, April 16). 7 Steps to Healthy Aging, Happy Aging. Retrieved from Everyday Health:

Schubert, H. (2016, August 14). Healthy Habits for Over-The-Road Truck Drivers. Retrieved from The Balance: