HealthInformation Technology Solution – Personal Health Records
Healthinformation technology abbreviated as HIT solution involves acollection of techniques for storing, sharing and analyzing healthinformation (In Hoyt &Yoshihashi, 2014). Recently, there has beena tremendous increase in the use of these technologies aimed atimproving patient care. HIT solution ensures consumers communicateefficiently with their care providers, learn and apportion healthinformation and embrace actions of life quality improvement. Some ofthe HIT solutions include Personal Health Records, E-prescribing andElectronic Health Records. This paper focuses on Personal HealthRecords as HIT solution issue by examining whether it is anapplication of some kind, how we deliver it through services and howwe might acquire the solution.
PersonalHealth Records are tools for consumer-centric which strengthens theability of the patient to actively handle their health care andhealthiness (National Health Informatics Conference et al., 2013).They are usually electronic applications for managing and maintaininghealth information for the patient in the environment that isconfidential, private and secure. PHR are applicable in three kindsnamely tethered, integrated and standalone (Afifi et al., 2013).Tethered is also known as connected PHR which is linked to electronichealth records of a particular health care organization or aninformation system of health plans. Patients that use connected PHRare in a position to access their personal records via a protectedportal. For instance, they can see their due screening dates, historyof immunization, trends of their results of a lab in a year amongother things.
Onthe other hand, a standalone is a PHR where patients load informationof their personal records which is reserved on the internet or acomputer of the patients. Some independent PHR are capable ofaccepting external data sources such as laboratories and provider(Telus Health, 2015). It helps the patient to track progress overtime by adding information of their exercise or diet. The owners canopt to share their information with those people engaged in theircare such as family members and health care providers. It is aninnovative solution to the tribulations of disjointed communicationand need of interoperability among the systems of EMR. It provides anindividual patient’s to access and authenticate data of healthinformation from the system of EMR.
TheIntegrated or interconnected PHR can be inhabited with information ofthe patient from various sources such as home diagnostics, pharmacydata, insurance claims and EHRs (In Hoyt &Yoshihashi, 2014).Additionally, it can provide a full view of pertinent healthinformation to both consumers and providers of health care. Thepatient or user is a key contributor to the integrated PHR who isallowed to enter his health information into chosen areas of theportal. Some of these PHR may be given in linkage with servicesconnected to a particular disease or a health condition as well aspatient’s features data combined with personalized guidance andadvice. It offers numerous benefits such as promoting acomprehensive view of healthcare activities and status as well asimproving quality, removing duplication, convenience and efficiencyenhancement of online transactions (National Health InformaticsConference et al., 2013). Moreover, it reduces medical errors,enhances communication between consumer and provider and offersaccess to the vendor to consumer-based records.
PHRservice safely keeps records of patients at an inaccessible locationas well as providing safe web access to the consumers, provider ofhealth care and other permitted parties. The patient can scan andupload documents containing relevant information, or a doctor canimport data necessary to the PHR. Dossia organization is one of thecompanies that deliver PHR services that is intended to cut overallhealth care costs through streamlining relations between healthcareproviders and the patients (Afifi et al., 2013). Most of thehappenings concerning the patient’s health occur outside thehospital settings. Thus, through tracking their health over a periodas well as accessing tools and information necessary to deal withtheir well-being, they become more engaged with their wellbeing andhealth care. Furthermore, PHR can improve delivery of high-qualityhealth care through the help of caregivers who are encouraged byupdating and tracking information of their spouses, elderly parentsand children. The PHR also ensures that delivery of services is donethrough an interactive communication between the clients and careproviders. Interactive communication is achieved through improvementof accessibility to individual health advice with a known clinician(In Hoyt &Yoshihashi, 2014). Moreover, it enables delivery ofscholarly communication and personalized recommendations of wellbeingthus, enhancing health care continuity with a place of integratingthe records.
Wemay obtain personal medical records through several ways of whichsome are free, and others involve paying a fee (Telus Health, 2015).The first approach involves creating a PHR using available commercialapplications such as web-based and stand-alone systems. In this case,the patient will enter their health data and access it through thosesystems (Afifi et al., 2013). If the patient aims to store healthdata at home, he/ she may require an internet based system or adesktop program. These programs may be downloaded for free or chargedfrom various website. For instance, recordsforliving.com websiteprovides downloadable products such as Health Frame at forty dollars.Also, a consumer can spend about five dollars per month to acquire aninternet-based such as Media keep which adds many whistles and bellsto record keeping of standard features (Telus Health, 2015). PartnersHealthcare and Kaiser Permanente are examples of providers of healththat create tethered systems which allows participants to obtaintheir information in single place. Similarly, for those consumers whoprefer portable devices, they may spend about fifty dollars topurchase plugs of EMRy Stick which allow the users to create amaximum of ten different medical profiles. It can be suitable forprinting data summaries if needed. However, these portable devicescan get lost or corrupted hence frustrating the users.
Conclusively,Personal Health Records are tools for consumer-centric whichstrengthens the ability of the patient to handle their health careand healthiness actively. PHR are applicable in three kinds namelytethered, integrated and standalone. Tethered PHR is linked toelectronic health records of a particular health care organization oran information system of health plans. On the other hand, standaloneis a PHR where patients load information of their personal recordswhich is reserved on the internet or a computer of the patients. TheIntegrated or interconnected PHR can be inhabited with information ofthe patient from various sources such as home diagnostics, pharmacydata, insurance claims, and EHRs. PHR service safely keeps records ofpatients at an inaccessible location as well as providing safe webaccess to the consumers, provider of health care and other permittedparties. Delivery of PHR services is intended to cut overall healthcare costs through streamlining relations between healthcareproviders and the patients. Through tracking their health over aperiod as well as accessing tools and information necessary to dealwith their wellbeing, consumers become more engaged with theirwelfare and health care. We may obtain personal medical recordsthrough several ways such as creating a PHR using availablecommercial applications, purchasing portable devices and opening aportal to a tethered system.
Afifi,A. A., Rice, T. H., Andersen, R. M., Rosenstock, L., & Kominski,G. F. (2013). Changingthe u.s. health care system: Key issues in health services policy andmanagement.San Francisco, Calif: Jossey-Bass.
InHoyt, R. E., & In Yoshihashi, A. (2014). Healthinformatics: Practical guide for healthcare and informationtechnology professionals.
TelusHealth. (2015). Personal Health Records (PHRs). Retrieved March 23,2017, fromhttps://www.telushealth.co/health-solutions/patient-and-consumer-health-platforms/products/personal-health-records/
NationalHealth Informatics Conference, In Grain, H., & In Schaper, L. K.(2013). Healthinformatics: Digital health service delivery, the future is now! :selected papers from the 21st Australian National Health InformaticsConference (HIC 2013).