HealthStatus of the African Americans
HealthStatus of the African Americans
TheAfrican Americans are the minority groups which gets associated withthe most health issues. The African Americans have recorded thehighest prevalence of ailments ranging from cancer, obesity, STDs,diabetes, hypertension and cardiovascular diseases. The AfricanAmericans have ranked top in about all the leading factors associatedwith many deaths when compared to other minority groups (Noonan,Velasco-Mondragon, & Wagner, 2016). Some of the factors whichhave significantly contributed to adverse and devastating healthstatus of this cluster include environmental factors, culturalfactors, access to care and genetic factors.
TheCurrent Status Health of the African Americans
Thecurrent situation places the African Americans as one of the leasthealthy minority group. It is important to remember that the AfricanAmericans constitute about 13 percent of the entire Americanpopulation. Despite the many issues affecting this minority group,the most common ones include obesity, stroke, kidney failure, cancer,high blood pressure, among others. In other words, data shows that ofthe entire African American population, 13.5 percent suffer from fairto poor health, about 22 percent of men and 14.6 percent of womenover 28 years of age currently smoke, about 41 percent of men andabout 45 percent of women above 20 years have hypertension. When itcomes to mortality, about 735.4 people die in a population of 100,000(CDC, 2016). The leading causes of diseases are a stroke, heartdisease, and cancer. In as much as there are many of the ailmentswhich affect this minority group, there are some behaviors whichcause harm. The most efficient way of influencing the health statusof this group is to provide education and create awareness.
Definitionof Health Promotion by the African Americans
Healthpromotion refers to the ways which can influence the minority groupssuch as the African Americans to pay attention to their health. Theidea of health promotion seeks to place emphasis on the social andenvironmental interventions. One of the main focuses of nursing id toadvocate for not only community assessment and health screening butalso education in an attempt to improve the health status of thecommunities (Noonan, Velasco-Mondragon, & Wagner, 2016). Inrecent times, health promotion has come to be considered more andmore important. An example 0f a group who has taken charge of healthpromotion is the ‘Healthy People 2020.’ They have taken charge inan attempt to provide not only goals but also objectives to improvethe health status of all minority groups including the AfricanAmericans. The goals of the groups have been to remove disparities,improve the health situation of a particular group and achieve healthequity.
HealthDisparities for the African Americans
Thereare many health disparities which exist among the African Americanpopulation. Considering that they constitute 12.9 percent of theentire American population, these variations needs to get addressed(Noonan, Velasco-Mondragon, & Wagner, 2016). Despite the factthat the majority and minority groups are susceptible to contractdiseases, the African Americans carry a bigger burden. The top threeleading killers significantly affect this particular minority group.The impacts of diseases such as cancer, stroke, and heart diseasesare highest among the African Americans when compared to any otherethnic group.
Thereare racial health disparities considered as the leading indicatorsshowing progress towards the achieving the 2010 national healthgoals. Some of the health indicators found include the percentages ofpeople below 65 years who have taken up a health insurance peopleabove 65 years administered with influenza and pneumococcal diseasevaccine, people below 18years who engage in regular exercises andwomen in the first trimester and has received prenatal care. Whencompared to the whites or other minority groups, the AfricanAmericans who have taken up health insurance constitute 81 percent asopposed to 87 of the other groups (CDC, 2016). Those who have beenadministered with influenza and pneumococcal disease vaccineconstitute 37 percent as opposed to 60 percent of the other groups.Those people below 18years who engage in regular exercises constitute25 percent as opposed to 35 percent of the other groups and thosewomen in the first trimester and have received prenatal carerepresent 75 percent as opposed to 89 percent of the other groups(CDC, 2016).
TheApproach that employs Three Levels of Health Promotion PreventionEffective in Addressing the Unique Needs of African Americans
Healthpromotion prevention is one of the strategies that can be used by thegovernment or health caregivers to help the African Americans reducethe high levels of mortality and morbidity. Much of this has resultedfrom physical inactivity, poor diet, and smoking. The three tiers ofmedicine goals are the primary, secondary and tertiary. The primarylevel aimed at reducing the incidence of disease the secondarylevels concerned with disease detection and tertiary is interested inthe intervention designed to deal with a disease. One approach tohelp with this is to emphasize on education and awareness.
Tosum up, the paper has provided information on the health issues andstatus of the African American minority group. The article hasaddressed issues to do with the current health status, the healthpromotion, health disparities affecting this minority group. And theapproach employed while using the health promotion prevention mosteffective to the African Americans. Information has been provided bythis minority group since they have a high prevalence of manyailments such as diabetes, obesity, STDs, cancer and cardiovasculardiseases.
Noonan,A. S., Velasco-Mondragon, H. E., & Wagner, F. A. (2016, October03). Improving the health of African Americans in the USA: an overdueopportunity for social justice. Retrieved March 16, 2017, fromhttps://publichealthreviews.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s40985-016-0025-4
CDC.(2016, October 06). The health of Black or African Americannon-Hispanic Population. Retrieved March 16, 2017, fromhttps://www.cdc.gov/nchs/fastats/black-health.htm