Healthcare Statistics

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HealthcareStatistics

HealthcareStatistics

(a)InpatientCensus

Inpatientcensus entails the number of patients that are admitted anddischarged within a specific period. It can be calculated in variousways. For example, daily data census comprises of the number ofpatients that a facility admits and discharges within 24 hours aswell as those that the hospital transfers within units such as ICUand surgery (JBLearning.com, n.d). On the other hand, average bedoccupancy rate entails the proportion of beds that are occupied inparticular period of time. Bed turnover rate, which entails thenumber of times a hospital charges for a bed, incorporates dividingcumulative discharges that take place over a particular period withaverage bed count of the duration.

Thegeneral formula for the daily census

Averagedaily census=a

Role

Inpatientcensus can enable hospitals to determine the average hospitalearnings in various periods. That is, the number of patients that aretreated within a particular period of time reflects the revenues thatcan be obtained at various times.

(b)Lengthof Stay (LOS)

Ideally,length of stay is the aggregate number of days a patient ishospitalized. The total length of stay entails the sum of the numberof days that all patients in a given period of time stay in ahospital.

Formula

AverageLength of Stay=

Role

Itis important to establish LOS to minimize risks. Ideally, .a facilitythat has minimum length of stay reduced incidences of hospitalacquired conditions (HACS).

(c).HospitalDeath Rates

Thestatistic of hospital death rates comprises of facility dischargesincluding deaths of the admitted patients that a particular hospitalor facility. Deaths are included in the discharge statistics becausethey are part of the endpoints of hospitalization period. As opposedto the previous statistics, there is no separation in the counting ofchildren and adults in hospital death rates (Osborn,2008). It can betabulated in either gross or net form. Gross death rate entails theproportion of the admission cases that resulted in demise of thepatient. It is established by dividing the cases of death with thetotal discharges. Net death rate, on the other hand, refers to thetotal deaths in the hospital I which the hospital cannot be takeninto account.

Formula(Gross Death Rates)

Grossdeath rate=X100

Role

Thestatistic denotes the rate of deaths in a particular facility thatoffers healthcare services. A facility is considered to be competentor effective in delivery of health services if it can minimize therates of death that result from its services.

(d).Hospitalinfection rate

Hospitalinfection rate is a statistic that establishes the incidence ofinfections that patients acquire from various patient-care units.Such infections have a potential of affecting patients in the courseof their treatment and even contribute to death.

Formula

Hospitalinfection rate=x100

Role

JointCommission on Accreditation of Healthcare organizations requires thefacilities to report the infections such as gastrointestinal,respiratory, skin, surgical wounds septicemias, urinary tract, andintravascular catheter infections. It is essential for hospitals tostrive towards zero percent infections. The infection rates reflectthe level of compliance of a facility to Joint Commission onAccreditation of Healthcare organizations guidelines.

References

JBLearning.com.(n.d). Ratios, Proportions and Rates. Facilities. BasicStatistic Data Used in Healthcare.Jones &ampBartlett Publishers.http://www.jblearning.com/samples/0763750344/45561_CH01.pdf

Osborn,C. E. (2008). Essentialsof statistics in health information technology.Jones &amp Bartlett Publishers.https://books.google.co.ke/books?hl=en&amplr=&ampid=7qLctpmB6dUC&ampoi=fnd&amppg=PP1&ampdq=Ratios,+Proportions+and+Rates.+Facilities.+Basic+Statistic+Data+Used+in+Healthcare.+Jones+%26Bartlett+Publishers.+&ampots=XGJ1lCm8oW&ampsig=vPoBTZR5K8O7kBC6_8ZISAJig1Y&ampredir_esc=y#v=onepage&ampq&ampf=false