Homelessness in Canada

  • Uncategorized

HOMELESSNESS 1

Homelessnessin Canada

Homelessnessin Canada

Homelessnessis an issue that affects the Canadian society. The response tohomelessness by the Canadian government has not been effective. Thefederal government withdrew its investment in the housing in 1990,making homelessness to be a significant issue. The reduction ofwages, elimination of benefits, and minimization of affordablehousing has exposed many Canadians to housing problems. Recently,Canada has witnessed an increase in mass homelessness. The Canadiangovernment is not adequately investing in affordable housing. In1995, social housing units offered by the government dropped toapproximately 1000. The Canadian population has been increasing forthe last 25 years by about 30% (Gaetz,2010).Housing programs are also shrinking because of the declining federalhousing investment. The paper discusses how insufficient funding tothe housing systems by the Canadian government has contributed to therise of homelessness.

Summary

Affordablehousing is a strategy that can be used to end homelessness in Canada.However, the Canadian government is not allocating enough funds tothe initiatives directed to the problem of homelessness. Largedisinvestment in cheap housing has influenced the intensification ofthe issue of housing in Canada. The homeless population increasebecause many individuals found in the Canadian streets do not havehomes (Levitz, 2014). Plans developed and implemented to endhomelessness have not been successful since the allocated funds arenot enough. Although the government is committed to handling theissue of housing, the strategies applied do not match with thefunding. As a result, the efforts to develop affordable andappropriate housing have been challenged in Canada. Discrimination isan aspect that contributes to homelessness. People are offered housesin Canada on the basis of their poverty level, and other stereotypes.Research indicates that Canada needs to allocate extra $46 to everycitizen each year to succeed in reducing homelessness (Gaetz,2010).The recent intervention programs cannot go far if enough funds arenot allocated to ensure that affordable housing units are developed.The main reason why homelessness is an intractable issue is that theCanadian government has reduced its investment in housing.

EqualityViewpoint

Equalityhas not been achieved in Canada because of income, and wealthaccumulation differences. is influenced byindividual differences regarding income. The highest share of incomein the country is associated with the rich group. The gap between thepoor and the rich has increased because a small group continues toaccumulate wealth while a large population encounters livechallenges. Income inequality hinders the efforts of many Canadiansto acquire proper housing. Despite the implementation of strategiesin Canada to handle homelessness, minimal progress has beenwitnessed. Income is not equally distributed in the country (OntarioHuman Rights Commission, 2007).A society where the minorities benefit is likely to be associatedwith homelessness. The Canadian society has failed to distributeresources, opportunities, and income equally among the individuals.Inadequate funding of the housing systems has led to the rise ofhomelessness because most of the Canadians cannot afford theavailable houses. Equality is an aspect that must be considered inCanada for effective minimization of the housing problem. Racism andother types of intolerance are exposed to immigrants and theminorities in Canada. Access to employment opportunities is one ofthe social exclusion practiced by the Canadians. The governmentprograms employed to minimize homelessness fail to maximize labormobility. Unfairness associated with the income tax act makes itdifficult for the government to support initiatives directed to thecreation of jobs and elimination of homelessness (Leach,1998).Therefore, inequality is a concern that must be solved for Canada towitness a decrease in homelessness.

EconomicViewpoint

TheCanadian economy is recently increasing as poverty and homelessnessintensify. The economic boom is required to benefit all individualsin Canada. However, the increase in economy profits a smallpopulation of Canadians and a wide income gap is witnessed. Theprovision of affordable housing has not been achieved leading to therise of housing problems. In Canada, poverty is said to majorly leadto the increase of homeliness (Levitz, 2014). The economy negativelyaffects low-income individuals and hinders their actions to acquireshelters. The Canadian government allocates more funds to otherprojects and fails to support the housing programs adequately.

Canadaexperiences economic-based homelessness because housing costs arehigh and income generating opportunities are rare. Housinginstability is contributed by poverty among most Canadians.Individuals who experience economic hardships are unable to affordthe available housing. The increase of the Canadian populationnecessitates the need for the development of affordable housing.However, the government is not effectively contributing towards thecreation of better and cheap housing for the high population. Housingaffordability is a challenge in Canada because most individuals arerequired to pay approximately 50% of their earnings on housing(Leach,1998).Most individuals are exposed to low income, making it difficult forthem to pay rent and purchase other necessities. The Canadiangovernment does not provide rental assistance and funding to thelow-income individuals. Moreover, affordable housing has reduced inCanada. Since the economy benefits a small population of theCanadians, the issue of homelessness has become a threat to thesociety. Therefore, to end the housing problem in the country, theCanadian government must ensure that all individuals benefit from theeconomy.

SecurityEnvironment

ManyCanadians are at risk of homelessness because the environment inwhich they live is not secure for human habitation. Security is notrecently provided for most families who acquire housing facilities.Many factors influence the exposure of people to insecure housing.Few people in Canada can acquire safe and appropriate housing.Precarious employment hinders the ability of most people to pay rentfor housing found in a secure environment. Unstable and low-wagedemployment is not able to meet the housing and basic needs of theCanadians. The cost of living has also increased, which undermine theefforts of most people to maintain housing. Financial saving isdifficult because individuals are subjected to sudden unemployment.The government is not providing enough social support to individualswho seek assistance. The security environment is used to evaluate theissue of homelessness. The problem of housing is said to beterminated if individuals can comfortably access safe and appropriateshelter (Levitz, 2014). The withdrawal of the housing investment bythe Canadian government has led to reduced number of affordable andsecure housing. Stability of individuals is an aspect that determinestheir ability to acquire suitable housing. Research show that mostlow-income Canadians who manage to acquire safe and better housing,risks their basic needs. Security is an aspect that should beconsidered when addressing the issue of homelessness.

Implications

Theactions of the Canadian government contribute to the rise ofhomelessness in the society. Housing systems require enough fundingto ensure that the necessary resources are acquired for successfuldevelopment of affordable and safe shelter. Employment opportunitiesneed to offered equally to all Canadians to increase their ability topay rent and other necessities. The government has failed to createjobs and assist the low-income individuals in Canada to acquirehousing. The benefits associated with the Canadian economy are notequally shared. The rich can acquire good housing while the poorstruggle to sustain themselves in the high Canadian economy (Leach,1998).Homelessness has contributed to a widening gap between the rich andthe poor Canadians. Welfare systems are not able to satisfy thehousing needs of the increasing Canadian government because fewerfunds are allocated to the projects. Therefore, the failure of thegovernment to develop affordable housing and support the welfaresystems has caused the increase of homelessness in Canada.

Conclusion

Homelessnessis a problem that has intensified in Canada. A large population ofCanadians is unable to pay rent because it is subjected to low incomeand reduced government funding. The high economy enjoyed in Canadadoes not favor most of the individuals. The withdrawal of the housinginvestment by the government has influenced the increase inhomelessness. A high amount of funds is needed to sustain the welfaresystems because most of the people in Canada are homeless. TheCanadian government needs to be accountable for the rise of thehousing problem because it does not allocate enough funds to therelevant programs. Equality concerning income and other benefitsshould be ensured for the effective ending of homelessness.

References

Gaetz, S. (2010). The struggle to end homelessness in Canada: How wecreated the crisis, and how we can end it. The Open HealthServices and Policy Journal, 3(21), 21-26. Retrieved from:http://homelesshub.ca/sites/default/files/rjhmnzr4.pdf

Leach, M. (1998). A Roof is Not Enough: A Look at HomelessnessWorldwide. Retrieved from:http://www.share-international.org/archives/homelessness/hl-mlaroof.htm

Levitz, S. (2014). The magic number for curbing homelessness inCanada: The Canadian Press. Retrieved from:http://www.theglobeandmail.com/news/national/adding-46-a-year-per-canadian-to-housing-budget-could-reduce-homelessness-report/article21361261/

Ontario Human Rights Commission. (2007). Human rights and rentalhousing in Ontario: background paper. Retrieved from:http://www.ohrc.on.ca/en/human-rights-and-rental-housing-ontario-background-paper/social-and-economic-condition