Everycountry has a population composed of individuals from different racesthat practice distinct culture. Additionally, the political andeconomic histories of states determine their affluence. Globalizationhas enabled the world to understand each nation’s potential and itsenrichments. Different factors are used to rank countries worldwide. They include elements such as the size of a population, quality oflife the citizenry lead, resources, political activities, and alsoeconomic strengths. According to the human development indexconducted by the United Nations Development Program in 2014,approximately 2.2 billion people are living below the poverty line.The state is characterized by the inability of individuals to accesshealth and educational infrastructures. This paper will analyze thefactors that contribute to the ranking of countries and how the indexwas made.
Populationis one of the main factors considered when ranking a nation. Theprimary focus on a country’s population is its living standards andthe ability to access the basic needs. The primary requirementsinclude food, clothing, and shelter. Citizens should be in a positionto get access to quality health care services. Human development of acountry is measured by the ability of the public to be healthy, havegood living standards, and be educated (Hartmann195).Life expectancy and infant mortality rates are also used to assesshuman development that is used to rank countries worldwide. Accordingto a report by the UNDP in 2013, everyone has a right to life andthey also deserve to live according to the way they desire (Bravo258).The study also states that countries that emphasize on the equalityof access to educational, health, and legal facilities among all theeconomic classes of its citizenry, had progressed substantially.
Anotheressential aspect when ranking countries is the economic state.Aspects such as employment and the gap between the rich and the poorfall under the fiscal element of classification. According to thefindings published by the UNDP in 2013, states that paid attention toall the economic classes of its population revealed growth in theirhuman development index (Bravo259).A reduction of the percentage difference between the rich and thepoor among the citizens improves a country’s rank. Industrializedstates are also highly ranked. Besides, nations that import less butexport more also fall high on the rank. Having more ventures,especially foreign investments, on a country’s resources andinfrastructure also elevates its global ranking.
Thepolitical element is another vital factor a countries needs to havefunctional and credible governance (Duffield12).The population should have also the freedom to choose their leaders.Thegender, race or tribeofcitizens should not be used as a base for discrimination. Countrieswith stable political systems have topped the world ranking for manyyears. Ensuring gender and social equality leads to a steadypolitical system. Public unrest scares away potential foreigninvestors.
Thehuman development index was created to bring out the differentpotentials that the nationals of a particular country have. The indexhelps in estimating a nation’s level of wealth expansion and theprogress in various sectors. It affects the way states make theirchoices, putting into consideration the effect it will have on itscitizens. The growth of a nation is not only evaluated based on itseconomic state, but also other factors such as the causes of a bigdifference between the rich and the poor reduce the gap of improvingthe country’s ranking (Kwon and Eunju 362). The human developmentindex puts emphasis on such aspects.
Inconclusion, the human development index is determined by multiplefactors. Some of these elements include the living standard ofpeople, political stability and the wealth level of that population.It is also noteworthy that the gap difference between the rich andthe poor is a critical factor of evaluating the growth rate of anation. The index was developed to help the governments in makingappropriate choices that would have positive impact on the citizens.
Bravo,Giangiacomo. "The Human Sustainable Development Index: The 2014Update." EcologicalIndicators, vol.50, 2015, pp. 258-259.
Duffield,Mark. GlobalGovernance and the New Wars: The Merging of Development and Security.London: Zed Books Ltd., 2014. Print.
Hartmann,Dominik. EconomicComplexity and : How Economic Diversification andSocial Networks Affect Human Agency and Welfare.Abingdon, United Kingdom: Routledge, 2014. Print.
Kwon,Huck‐ju,and Eunju Kim. "Poverty Reduction and Good Governance: Examiningthe Rationale of the Millennium Development Goals." Developmentand Change,vol.45, no.2, 2014, pp. 353-375.