IMPACT OF DRONES 1
Globalization and technological advancementshave seen the introduction of many technological tools that aims toimprove the quality of human life. An example of such technologicaltools and inventions tools is the drone. The drone is a term that hasmostly been associated with the aviation field. However, the recentchanges have seen the application of this term in other modernfields. A drone is an unmanned/ unpiloted spacecraft or aerialvehicle that relies on Autonomous technology is the main movementmechanism. The increasing need for accessing remote areas forinformation without putting anyone at risk has necessitated the needfor integration of drone in many fields across the globe. Thiscontext will consider how the drones have affected the society inseveral specific aspects such as social, culture, political, economicand the environment.
The social aspect encompasses all thecommunities whereby the drones are in use. The usage of drones hasreceived a mixed reception from the society. Depending on the droneapplications, the reception regarding the same is positive, negativeor neutral. From one aspect of the society, many people see the usageof drones as the needed technical solution that will solve many ofthe existing problems. Therefore, such believers have taken up andenthusiastically supported the idea of using drones to accessinformation in remote areas and during disaster management[CITATION Res15 l 1033 ].However, from another light, thoseopposing this technology feel that its usage is inappropriate andthus eliminating it from the society is the best line of action thatthe stakeholders can undertake. For example, aspects such asenforcement and surveillance augur differently with the views of mostcritics, whose viewpoints indicates that the two aspects could leadto another issue such as political and ethical matters. Somestakeholders in the society question the legitimacy of using thesedrones. The trend to feel that some parties might misuse them orworse perpetuate exploitative acts using the same or similarplatform.
Fig 1. Indicates an example of how peopleperception toward drones
The usage of drones is likely to affect thetechnological culture in a major way. One thing for sure is that thesociety will have to adapt in a certain manner. This is likely tohappen as it integrates the usage of these drones in varying fields,thus ultimately affecting the existing culture. Previously, we haveseen the wrong usage of drones, so the military strikes is the onlyimage that appears on the minds of many Americans on mentioning theterm. Many citizens are still coming to terms with the usage ofdrones in daily activities without associating them with any form ofharm. However, despite the said worries, the purchase of these dronesis on the rise. Americans have made strides in technologicaladvancements, so most sections of the society have started to embracethis new technology. The elite part of the society has realized thatthey can realize many benefits by integrating usage of drones intheir businesses and other income-generating. This could explain thereason behind the rising drones’ sales volumes. The usage of dronesin documenting archeological sites will lead to the discovery of newinformation that could also change some cultural aspects[CITATION Cam17 l 1033 ].After all, it seems that the situation is not hopeless. With time,people will stop fearing the usage of drones, and this could spellthe emergence of a new culture among the Americans and across theglobe at large. Governments interested in integrating the usage ofdrones are introducing rules and regulations to monitor their usage,and this could alter the existing technological cultures.
The usage of drones is likely to have majorpolitical effects on a region and across the world at large dependingon the applications of these drones. Political impacts relate tosecurity tasks such as information gathering, intelligence, andgeneral context operations. Overreliance on drones for achievingpolicy and political objectives might have unintended results such aspolitical imbalances. The United States, being a major user ofdrones, has placed some of its drones in many regions and countries[CITATION Dro l 1033 ]. Such drones have the capabilities ofcollecting information and firing weapons. Drones will stabilize thepolitical situation in many regions. The information so collectedwill be vital in improving the political plans of given regions bybeefing up security and preparing in case of enemy attacks. On theother side of the coin, the political regimes allowing drones couldincur huge political costs. Political turmoil and suspicion may arisewhen citizen and stakeholder of such nation realize that some otherforeign nation has the power to spy or worse, eliminate them[ CITATION Tak14 l 1033 ].Resistance to the usage of these drones may arise, consequentlyleading to political anarchy in the said regions.
The usage of drones will most likely have animpact on an economy of the country using them. However, the bearingof these impacts will depend on the usage and appropriateness of thedrones. The appropriate usage will beef up the economy of a region[CITATION Gon17 l 1033 ].Faster access to services, improved delivery rates, enhancedprecision, and accuracy, which will allow for the reduction ofproduction costs and improvement of total output are some of thebenefits, which will arise from using drone technology. Improvedinternet connections such as the one provided by the Facebook drone(beam) will mean that businesses will reach out to their clients.Bypassing restrictions such as geographical barriers will make iteasy to access remotes services. Creation of more jobs from dronesmaking organizational and those monitoring the drones will createadditional revenue for the country. However, on the downside, usingthese drones could also lead to economic depression of a region.Malicious individuals may use the drones to perpetuate cyber crimessuch as hacking financial institutions, which could lead to majorlosses of commercial resources.
Fig 2. Indicates the economic impacts of usingdrones in the right manner
Drones use could also several environmentalimpacts. On the positive side drones have low emissions o this willgo in line with the objectives of environmental conservation policiesthus rarely pollutes the environment. However, using drones on alarge scale might have adverse effects on the environment[ CITATION Gon17 l 1033 ].If used for environmental monitoring thedrones will provide better information that will allow forimprovement in the current conditions. When using drones as adelivery mechanism, one should consider the size of the Drone and theweight they can accommodate. It, therefore, means using many dronesto get the task done. Suing more drones will only mean the need formore energy, which does not augur well, with the end for theconservation of energy sources. Scientists are suggesting that dronesare negatively affecting animals by stressing them by increasingtheir heart beat rate. The black bear is an example of the affectedanimals. Drone strike destructs the environment making it dangerousfor animals and human being to survive in the affected areas. Dronestrikes have destroyed wildlife breeding grounds and interfered withtheir migratory patterns.
Fig 3. Indicates an example of how drones mightaffect animals
To sum up, we have noted the rising popularityof the usage of drone technology. Assessing the costs and benefits ofusing a drone is the first step in ensuring that their integration inthe society does not threaten the survival of humanity. Whileconsidering the positives of using drones, one must also pinpoint thenegative side of inappropriate drone use such as drones strikes andtheir impacts. These impacts are notable on various aspects such associal, cultural, political, and economic and the environment.
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