Implicationsof Conscious Sedation on Patients
Implicationsof Conscious Sedation on Patients
Patients undergoing minor operations should be administered with asedative that ensures they remain conscious during the process.However, it is imperative for clinicians to establish the effects ofthe drugs on a person before a procedure (Gavaghan & Hillman,2016). The paper defines conscious sedation, the symptoms of anindividual who requires the medicine, effect of the tranquilizersemployed, and the level of dosage that should be administered.
Definitionof Conscious Sedation
Conscious sedation refers to anesthesia, which minimally suppressesthe awareness of a patient thus, allowing the individual to maintainimpulses freely and uninterruptedly, retain an obvious airway, andremain receptive to vocal stimuli without feeling pain.Bartkowska-Śniatkowska, Rosada-Kurasińska, Ignyś, Grześkowiak,Zielińska, and Bienert (2014) define the sedation as a state inwhich practitioners limit a person’s consciousness, but continuehaving verbal contact with the patient who responds to vocal commandsand physical stimulation. It as the use of drugs utilized in generalanesthesia to retain the consciousness of an individual while at thesame time hindering any pain (Bio 316V Lecture, 2017).
Symptomsof a Patient Needing Conscious Sedation
Since a medical practitioner must ensure that patients retain theirreflexes and breathe impulsively, it is important to use conscioussedation for short, unsophisticated procedures. Moreover, the processinvolves giving a set of sedatives and anesthetic to people during adental or medical surgery. Since a sedation aims to reduce pain,patients must be restless and in pain for the medicine to beadministered (Olson, 2010) The decision to administer analgesiadepends on the likelihood that a procedure will be agonizing(Bartkowska-Śniatkowska et al., 2014). Patients who have previouslyshown high levels of anxiety will often be provided with a sedation.It is imperative to note that there does not exist an age limit atwhich a person should not need a sedation, although one must considerthe age, mental status, or body habits in deciding the dosage or typeof tranquilizer to administer. Amornyotin (2013) assert that patientsshould have updated history and relevant examination. Althoughdentists, nurses, or doctors administer conscious sedation, ananesthesiologist must be present to ensure the process is safe.
ThePrimary Effect of Conscious Sedation
The procedure is designed to achieve relaxation and intact protectiveimpulses. According to Olson (2010), sedation has the main effect ofdiminishing anxiety, pain, and discomfort during operations. Itallows people to recuperate rapidly as well as resume their dailychores within a short period. Although the sedation keeps peopleawake and helps them respond to verbal cues, it is significant for apractitioner to observe a patient keenly since one can slip into adeep sleep (Wilson, McNeil, Kyle, Weaver, & Graves, 2014). Inaddition, an individual can have breathing cessation hence, the needto monitor them intensely for complications, such as blood pressure,alertness, oxygen levels, and heart rate.
HowSedation Dose Affects Different Patients
Patient’s reaction to prescriptions can differ greatly thus, theneed for clinicians to determine the desired level of sedation. Inthis regards, a practitioner should slowly administer the drug togauge a person’s response to the sedative. A clinician should basethe choice of the dosage on an individual’s age, the level ofanxiety, physical or mental status, weight, body habits, and adverseeffects encountered (Bio 316V Lecture, 2017). An elderly patient islikely to eliminate the medicine slowly while a child will experiencehyperactivity, which means one should administer a small dose on thisage bracket.
Conscious sedation involves the administration of certain drugs toalter the level of awareness of a patient while at the same timeallowing them to respond to verbal commands and physical stimulus.The procedure allows a person to relax and attain comfort during aminor operation. However, it is critical to explore the medicalimplications that might interfere with the medicine administered.
Amornyotin, S. (2013). Sedation-related complications ingastrointestinal endoscopy. World Journal of GastrointestinalEndoscopy, 5(11), 527-533.
Bartkowska-Śniatkowska, A., Rosada-Kurasińska,J., Ignyś, I., Grześkowiak, M., Zielińska, M., & Bienert, A.(2014). Procedural sedation and analgesia in childrenundergoing digestive endoscopic procedures–paediatrician oranaesthesiologist? Przeglad Gastroenterologiczny, 9(2),77.
Bio 316V Lecture. (2017). Drugs used in controlling pain &anxiety. Lecture Notes, Grand Canyon University.
Gavaghan, D. E., & Hillman, L. C. (2016).Predicting the risk of sedation related complications inprivate endoscopy units. Journal of Gastroenterology andHepatology, 31, 13.
Olson, J. M. (2010). Clinical pharmacology made ridiculouslysimple. MedMaster.
Wilson, T. D., McNeil, D. W., Kyle, B. N., Weaver, B. D., &Graves, R. W. (2014). Effects of conscious sedation on patient recallof anxiety and pain after oral surgery. Oral Surgery, OralMedicine, Oral Pathology and Oral Radiology, 117(3),277-282.