IntegratingSources Ethically and Effectively That Involves Paying CloseAttention To Five Important Things.
TheBedford Guide actively involves students to quality writing to meetthe writing class that is innovative and reliable. The paper is aguide that has features like a research manual, a process orientedoratory, a handbook and a thematic reader.
Allthese provide a broad framework that easily aids students to exploittheir skills. The guide also enables students to become independent,confident and resourceful writers online and in the campus. With theguide, one can hardly make errors while writing says Lisa Zimmerelli.
Toeffectively and ethically integrate sources, one has to avoid, usingother author’s ideas without quoting, using others work as yourown, and falsification of quotes or data. These principles affect theethical integration of sources. A wrong presentation of sources isconsidered as poor writing skills.
Aclear procedure to present your sources is a quote directly word forword then put quotation signs and correct citations. Quotations tendto bring out the inner voice of the writer or speaker mosteffectively according to Lisa Zimmerelli. Moreover, it gives themcredit.
Anothergood way to present sources is to paraphrase what the writer meantusing one’s words. This requires more than changing a few facts andthe arrangement of words. Most writers forget that if you use otherwriter’s ideas, but you have changed the word on your own, one mustcite the source.
Thereare three important components to remember when including a source,use a phrase to introduce the source material at the beginning or theend of the phrase. One can begin with the name of the writer, whatthey said or discovered.
Theidea behind ethical sourcing is that the writer should ensure itsoriginality of the article is achieved. There is a notion that anywritten document be it a manuscript is the work of the writer eventhough some ideas are borrowed.
Borrowedideas should be accurately conveyed, such that when the reader goesthrough the article they assume that the information is scholarlyaddressed. One should accurately ensure that the source informationor idea is best represented. The essence of this is to bring out theoriginality of the document.
Bedford’sguide ensures that there are no errors in writing. A good example tothis fact is when a writer wants to propose a new idea they ignorethe details that are not important from the source documentintentionally. If the source document does not support the writer’sideas, it is not necessary to include it.
Effectivewriting should not mislead the reader, especially when the writerwants to write about very controversial topics. The ideasarticulated by other authors should be quoted to avoid situationalerrors that cause plagiarism.
Cognitivepsychologists call it insensible plagiarism, it happens when a writerforgets about the source and thinks that they also had the idea thatwas similar to the original one. Another common oversight error thataffects ethical writing is when one fails to credit the source.
Plagiarismis the most solemn violations that bridge the contract between thewriter and the reader. The Public Health Service considers plagiarismand falsification misconduct scientifically.
Thepenalty to plagiarists is demotion, dismissal from jobs and even fromcollege. For one to be considered a good writer they should avoidsuch errors. The only way to effective and ethical writing is toensure any borrowed idea is quoted.
Insummary, the other two components are to remember to cite the sourceused and to provide a clear analysis of the used source. Theinterpretation should coincide with the arguments in the material oforigin, and the analysis should relate back to the original thesis.
Ryan,Leigh, and Lisa Zimmerelli. TheBedford guide for writing tutors.Bedford/St. Martins, 2010.