DEFINITION OF CULTURE 1
InterculturalRelation- Definition of Culture
Culture refers to the collection of beliefs, attitudes, and practiceadopted by a group of people within a particular period. Culture isprimarily used as a basis for classifying people into various groups.Notably, influential individuals can have an effect on the customs orvalues adopted in his or her culture. However, most people are forcedto conform to the parameters set by their cultural customs. It isimportant to adhere to cultural expectations since they act as a formof identity. In this paper, I will show how cultural aspects have afundamental effect on how the society functions.
People within a certain society are usually required to adhere toestablished norms and values. In many instances, culture comprises ofguidelines created to regulate human behavior. Individuals must agreeto abide by certain standards before they are accepted as legitimatemembers of the society. People in different areas could choose tohonor varied types of laws. For example, a certain society couldrequire its members to greet each other warmly and maintain eyecontact. However, a different society could discourage conversationand association among its members. The latter society may evenconsider making eye contact as rude and invasive. Individuals whomanifest a blatant inability to conform to the society’s standardsare treated as outcasts. On the other hand, persons who adhere to theestablished standards are viewed as exemplary. Hence, culturalaspects portray society as a group of people who are recognized bytheir values and norms.
All societies are defined by fundamental institutions designed toensure orderliness. For example, schools are usually established toprovide education to both young and old learners. The skills andattitudes taught in learning institutions are used while pursuingcareer goals. In this regard, qualified persons can acquire jobs thatwill help them to cater for their family’s needs. Law enforcementagencies are formed to provide security and discourage deviantbehavior. Individuals within a certain society can rely on policeofficers to investigate and resolve crimes. The mere presence of lawenforcement personnel seems to deter criminal elements fromcommitting atrocities. A society without police officers woulddescend into unprecedented chaos and anarchy. Subsequently, deviantpersons are prosecuted in a court of law based on the opinions oftheir peers. A convicted criminal is customarily confined to prisonfor a certain period depending on the severity of his or her offense.The society uses such institutions to maintain a semblance of orderand civilization. Therefore, cultural aspects portray society as acomposition of various institutions.
Furthermore, the family unit is treated as a scared and fundamentalaspect of all societies. Marriage enables couples to derive pleasurethrough companionship. Children also thrive from the sense ofsecurity created in the family. Establishing boundaries protectschildren from the consequences of harmful behavior. Parents areusually charged with the responsibility of providing for the materialand emotional needs of their children. Both husband and wife shouldremain faithful and loyal to each other to avoid outcomes such asseparation or divorce. In fact, dysfunctional families often causechildren to develop harmful habits such as drug abuse, truancy, andother forms of criminal behavior. Most juvenile facilities compriseof teenagers from either foster homes or dysfunctional families.Parents with drug addictions or temper problems can also encouragetheir children to adopt similar behavior. Therefore, cultural aspectsportray the society as reliant on the success of all families.
Every society is defined by unique aspects of language andcommunication. A person’s dialect can often be used to identifytheir culture. Some areas adopt official and unofficial languages tofacilitate different activities. Professionals ordinarily conductbusiness dealings using the formal language. On the other hand,informal interactions use local dialects. Communication among membersof a society is also enhanced by particular cues. For example,winking can be used to denote agreement or disapproval. Folded armscould be interpreted as arrogant or authoritative. Some societies usegadgets designed to foster communication among its members. However,other communities use ancient means such as letters and facsimilemachines. Consequently, cultural aspects depict the society ascomposed of different languages and styles of communication.
Indeed, cultural aspects have a significant bearing on how thesociety functions. All societies are typically characterized by normsand values to control human behavior. Cultural values contribute tounity and cooperation. People who refuse to adhere to establishedstandards are treated as outcasts while those who fulfill theirobligations are considered as exemplary. Furthermore, culturalaspects contribute to the formation of various institutions. Schoolsare formed to provide basic education to the community. Hence,qualified students can acquire jobs to cater for their family’sneeds. Law enforcement agents are also needed to ensure peace andsecurity. A society without police officer would manifest variousinstances of lawlessness. Incarceration facilities are established torestrain convicted criminals and protect the community. In addition,all societies depend on the success of the family arrangement. Matesmust remain loyal to one another while children are required to showcomplete obedience. Dysfunctional families often lead to negativeoutcomes. Besides, societies are defined by unique aspects oflanguage and styles of communication. People in different areas speakvaried languages and dialects. Forms of communication have alsoevolved with the passage of time. Consequently, cultural aspects havean indelible impact on the society.