Keystone Species and Local Biodiversity

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KeystoneSpecies and Local Biodiversity


KeystoneSpecies and Local Biodiversity

Akeystone species can either be a plant or an animal that is criticalin its community for the survival of other species. Keystone speciesplay a fundamental role in the functioning of the ecosystem, andtheir absence or extinction could result in adverse ecologicaleffects[CITATION van17 l 1033 ].The researchpaper tries to shed some light on the importance keystone species inan environment and the impact of the extinction of fig trees in theforest.

Significanceof Keystone Species

Itis important to understand the importance of keystone species in anecological system in order to protect the environment and itsinhabitants. Ecological research studies have shed some light on whythere is need to preserve and conserve keystone species. Firstly, thepresence of keystone species helps maintain diversity and stabilityin the environment[CITATION van17 l 1033 ].Besides creating a peaceful and viable habitat, keystone species helpthe community structure remain intact.

WhatChanges Might Occur in these Forests if Humans Suddenly Removed FigTrees?

Theextinction of fig trees in the forest would have a domino effect. Forinstance, various animals rely on the fig tree for survival such asfig wasps, fig-eating birds, monkeys, and insects, among others[CITATION van17 l 1033 ].In this case, such animals would start to disappear because theirprimary food has been omitted in the food chain. Moreover, theabsence of the fig tree may lead to an invasion of other plants andanimals that drive away the indigenous species.


Inconclusion, fig trees serve an essential purpose in the ecologicalsystem by ensuring that different animals and birds survive, duringharsh climatic conditions. As such, ecological researchers ought toprovide strategies through which these keystone species can beprotected to avoid the distinction of other species and loss inbiodiversity within the respective community.


VanNoort, S., &amp Rasplus, J.-Y. (2017). Figs and fig wasps of theworld. Figweb.Retrievedfrom: