Kwame Neo-colonialism The Last Stage of Imperialism

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THE LAST STAGE OF IMPERIALISM 5

KwameNeo-colonialism: The Last Stage of Imperialism

KwameNeo-colonialism: The Last Stage of Imperialism

Neo-colonialismcan be described as the manner African nations are controlled byother stronger and developed nations. This happens mostly regardingcolonialists amassing their resources and utilizing their socialstructures without considering their efforts and rights (Burroughs,2015). The politics have a great to play in this control. When theAfrican and Asian countries were decolonized, neo-colonialismfollowed suit. Today’s neo-colonialism is a representation ofimperialism in its last stages. In the past, it was easy to convertcountries such as Egypt into colonial territories. Presently, theold-fashioned colonialism has been abolished. However, it is still aproblem in Africa. The independence period after the World War II ledto neo-colonialism, and imperialist nations like the U.S. benefittedfrom it.

The world war was a global military conflict, especially in terms ofthe material destruction and lives lost. It started in 1939 betweenthe Anglo-French coalition and Germany, but later included othernations across the world. The war ended in 1945, and this gave theUSSR and the U.S. an opportunity to dominate the world.

Whenthe Second World War ended, the colonial government started tosupport schools and education in the colonies (Burroughs, 2015).Subsequently, there was a rise in the numbers of the educated blacksalthough the colonial rule still limited their political and socialmovement. However, the limited prospects, due to the colonialstates, frustrated the elites. They were against the colonial, andhence, fought for its end. The common slogan was self-rule. NkwameNkrumah who was the first president of Ghana wanted for immediateindependence. Hebelieved that complete liberty from any colonial rule would guaranteeGhanaians a better future. According to Nkrumah, “Africais a paradox which illustrates and highlights neo-colonialism..Herearth is rich, yet the products that come from above and below thesoil continue to enrich, not Africans predominantly, but groups andindividuals who operate to Africa’s impoverishment”(“Neo-Colonialism: the Last Stage of Imperialism, 1965” cited inChatora, 2015). The people mentioned by Nkrumah are the colonialistswho just enrich themselves at the expense of the residents.

There was a growing demand for the adoption of self-rule, and thismade the British colonial government come up with the BurnsConstitution. This law was introduced in 1946 based on the model ofWestminster. The framework incorporated the Ghanaian kings, theelites, and chiefs into the colonial government. However, individualswith blue-collar jobs were not included in the government. KwameNkrumah’s party rejected this constitution. This was a significantmove towards the realization of the country’s constitution.

TheU.S. capitalist benefits the most from neo-colonialism in differentways. One of them is through establishing military bases.Imperialist nations introduced military bases in the developingnations with the objective of safeguarding their interests. Forexample, America has approximately 234 bases in 49 nations in Asiaand Africa(Patke,2013).

Consequently,America gained control over the world market. For example, with otherwestern nations, the U.S. participated in setting the prices of cashcrops. It ensured that the process was relatively slow. This madeAfricans depend on foreign aid. It changed Africa and Asia nationsby making them dumping places for their cheap manufactured productsand cheap labor. The primary objective of the U.S. was to exploit thedeveloping nations. This is the reason Nkrumah said that the richescoming from African soil were enriching others at the expense of theresidents (Chatora, 2015). Most developing countries are stillexperiencing the outcomes of this problem. Therefore, it is importantfor developing countries to seek their full independence, enjoyterritorial integrity, sovereignty and security against any form ofimperialism.

To conclude, neo-colonialism exploited developing countriespolitically, socially, economically, and culturally. This is becauseof the presence of imperialism despite the end of the World War II.Therefore, imperialist countries such as the U.S. benefitedsignificantly.

References

Burroughs,T. (2015). Attempted neo-colonialism by powerpoint: Black communitiesvs.

Educationreform. Journalof Pan African Studies,8(7), 1-4

Chatora,A. (2015). 10quotes from Kwame Nkrumah.Retrieved from

https://thisisafrica.me/10-quotes-from-kwame-nkrumah/

Patke,R. S. (2013). Modernistliterature and postcolonial studies.Edinburgh:Edinburgh

UniversityPress.

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