LearningDiscussion Actions for Module 5
LearningDiscussion Actions for Module 5
B.F. Skinner came up with operant conditioning theory (Skinner, 2014).The theory deals with responses which are thoughtful actions thathave an effect on the environment. In this paper, I will look intohow parents make use operant conditioning to shape the behaviour oftheir children and how to approach parenting using the same theory.
Inhis research, he noted the use of reinforcement that facilitates andheightens the probability of a response from occurring. He proposedthat support either upsurges or reinforces the likelihood of aparticular conduct happening recurrently. He further pointed out andsuggested that positive reinforcement braces a behaviour by providinga result an individual can find to be gratifying (Waltham, 2015).However, for the case of negative reinforcement, the theory suggeststhat it an aim to eliminate undesirable behaviour to reinforce goodbehaviour.
Whenit comes to child-care, my parents may have influenced me usingoperant conditioning (Stein & Belluzzi, 2014). For instance, myparents choose to reward me for doing house chores mom wouldencourage my behavior through offering me a gift. Consequently, I waseager to do the house chores since I knew I would be rewarded. Inthis instance, my parents would have utilised positive reinforcement.At times, I had bad behaviour, it made my parents angry and theywould punish me. Therefore, I knew that my behavior was an acceptableand I strove to be obedient and be a good boy. For example, Irecalled a day when I stole money from my mother’s handbag. She wasvery upset and she canned me hard for what I had done. By doing so, Ilearnt my lesson that stealing was not good hence I avoided that badbehavior. Instead I would borrow money when I needed to buy somecandy rather than steal.
Reinforcementis considered to be the main component in operant conditioning.Nevertheless, it is anything that may suggestively brace themandatory behaviour after a response. For instance, in case an actionis trailed by an encouraging result, the behaviour continues to occurmore recurrently (Skinner 2014). Nonetheless, in the event the ofbehaviour is followed by an unwanted outcome such as pain, the actionbears to result less frequently.
Whenmy parents utilized this theory, it was effective in that they wereable to shape my moral values. I was able to learn to practice goodbehavior since I wanted to be rewarded and feared being punished(Chilcott, 2015). When my parents used pain as a form of punishment,it shaped me and I avoided certain bad behaviour and opted to behavesince I did not like being punished.
IfI had children, I would make use of the theory to try to encourage aparticular behaviour in my kids (Kim, Seitz & Watanabe, 2015). Byconsidering positive reinforcement, I would offer a reward to mychildren for a good behaviour exhibited. For instance, buying apresent for the child that did exemplary well in school work. My kidswould realise that when they pass well in their exams, I wouldappreciate their efforts. Consequently, my children would work hardto get the presents. Moreover, I would consider using negativereinforcement. In this case,
Iwould punish my kids so that I encourage good behaviour in mychildren. The kids would realise that I don`t condone bad behaviour.Instead, it would encourage them to behave well as they would notwant to be punished.
Inconclusion, the theory is effective in bringing up children as itrelies on influencing a certain type of behaviour that an individualinhibits. By using either positive or negative reinforcement toinfluence a desirable behaviour. The theory, made me to develop goodmorals as my parents rewarded me for my good behavior.
Chilcott,L. (2015). Who Are We: Behaviourism and Cognitive Theories: 2/5.
Kim,D., Seitz, A. R., & Watanabe, T. (2015). Visual perceptuallearning by operant conditioning training follows rules ofcontingency. Visual cognition, 23(1-2), 147-160.
Skinner,B. F. (2014). Contingencies of reinforcement: A theoretical analysis(Vol. 3). BF Skinner Foundation.
Stein,L., & Belluzzi, J. D. (2014). Operant conditioning of individualneurons. Quantitative analyses of behavior, 7, 249-264.
Waltham,MA, (2015). Introduction to Psychology. MindEdge, Inc.