Liberalismenjoyed central positions in varieties of political viewpoints formore than two centuries. Even though every society portrays adifferent kind of liberal ideologies, such worldview harbors coreelements that one can identify, examine and understand. That was agreat force that was against the political formation of Europe in the18thcentury.1 On the other hand, the conservatives aimed at the maintenance andrational justification of a status in a particular society.Individuals such as Edmund Burke focused on moderate politicalviewpoints that acted as anti-thesis for liberal perspectives. Burkeargued that humanity has rights, but they are conventionaltherefore, they cannot be separated from the society. The researchpaper thus focuses on the contrast between conservatives and Liberalsgoals and policies. Furthermore, the study concludes by givingremarks in regards to the repressive strategies of 1815-1848 regimesto stay in power.
Thepolicies of the liberals support great protection, and they arguethat it is a safe way of offering assistance to the poor. Theyclaimed that welfare is the best strategy for ensuring that Americansembrace fairness in regards to the economic lives of the citizens. Inother words, it is a platform for assisting poor people.2On the other hand, conservatives are against long term welfarebecause they are burdensome to the government. They argue thatrelevant authorities should offer opportunities that enable the poorto become self-reliant. The conservative policies suggest that it isefficient and compassionate to support an individual to beindependent rather than making them rely on the provisions from thegovernment.3
Liberalsclaim that terrorism is as a result of the arrogant strategies of U.Sdiplomats in different parts of the world. The goals of liberalismare to ensure that there are good diplomatic relationships amongcountries and that is the best method for reducing terrorism. Notably, dependence on military forces to overcome terrorists is notthe best way of enhancing peace because the affected nation will planto fight back. Besides, liberalism asserts that captured terroristsshould face law enforcement agencies and get prosecuted in civiliancourts. However, conservatives claim that terrorists are the criticalthreats to various nations, especially the United States. They arguethat the countries dominated by the militant Islamists cannot engagein peaceful coexistence with nations in the Western world. Besides,conservatives’ goals are to defeat terrorists using intelligenceand advanced military forces. Moreover, they assert that capturedterrorists should be marked as enemies and the only place where theycan face trials is military courts4
Thepolicies of the liberalism state that increased taxes and largegovernment is an essential platform to address injustices and cases finequity in a nation. Besides, the government should support poorcitizens by using taxes from rich individuals in the country.Furthermore, the liberals claim that taxes help the government tohave the capacity to support needy people as well as initiate welfareprograms.5Conversely, conservative policy advocates for lower taxes and a smallgovernment that has limited power. Besides, reduced taxes will beless burdensome to the society, thus giving them an opportunity toimprove their standards of living. In other words, the conservativesargue that low taxes provide incentives for individuals to work,invest, save and engage in profitable businesses. The goals ofconservatives are to ensure that money gets spent by those who earnit rather than the government. Besides, they assert that governmentprograms develop laziness and dependence among citizens who arecapable of working and earning income.
Liberalscontend that social security systems should benefit from thegovernment protection at all cost because they assure safety to theneedy people in a particular country. Besides, any change on socialsecurity benefits will make a lot of individuals to suffer as therewill be limited platforms to cater for shelter, health, and food forpoor people.6On a different perspective, conservatives argue that social securitysystems cause severe financial challenges in various nations,particularly the United States. They claim that social securitystrategies are not sustainable and such approaches are prone tocollapse if they don`t experience changes. Therefore, the best way ofenhancing the efficiency of social securities is throughprivatization, thus giving every individual a chance to managepersonal savings. It is also evident that British experienced asteady advancement of the right of citizens while also overpoweringthe forces of the monarchy. In France, there were standing armiesthat focused on bring monarchy down, and that lasted until therevolution of 1789. The British did not intend to overthrow themonarchy, but their main aim was to reign in authority by enhancingthe responsibilities of representatives to a different population.7
Liberalssupport the separations between religion and the State as depicted inthe Bill of Rights. The goal of such approach is to ensure thatreligious expressions do not influence the decisions of thegovernment. Notably, the government should not offer any support to aparticular religion, and they should limit the reference to God inpublic institutions8.However, the conservatives’ constitutions have no phrases thatseparate the government from religion. However,the government isprohibited from establishing a national church or denomination andthat do not ban the acknowledgment of God in schools and governmentpremises. Furthermore, conservatives embrace the symbols ofreligious heritage in public places and government buildings.
Insummary, opposition between conservatives and liberalists led torepressive strategies of 1815-1848 regimes that most nations andindividuals used to stay in power.1815 marked an administration of aHoly Alliance were Russia, Prussia and Austria emerged to defendtheir religion which was formed at the Congress of Vienna. Theimportant pioneers were conservative monarchies from Europe. Myremarks are that they used Christian’s ideas to defend theirrepressive ideologies, but their main agenda was political power9.
Anotherauthoritarian approach of leadership was that of Napoleon III whoformulated fruitless endeavor to overthrow King Louis Philippe. However, in 18 48, became the president of the French Republic for alimit of four years. He also led a coup to seize power and served forten years. The remarks are that Napoleon III was an authentic leaderwho did not tolerate any opposition. The worst part is that most ofthe resources accumulated by Napoleon III went to war and theexamples include Crimean as well as Franco-Prussian War. On the otherhand, he built canals and railroads which enhanced the prosperity ofFrance10.In a nutshell, the contrast between conservatives and liberalsrevolve around the war on terror, social security, religion, taxes,and welfare.
Huddy,Leonie, Lilliana Mason, and Lene Aarøe. "Expressivepartisanship: Campaign involvement, political emotion, and partisanidentity." AmericanPolitical Science Review 109,no. 01 (2015): 1-17.
Slater,Michael D., Donna Rouner, and Marilee Long. "Television dramasand support for controversial public policies: Effects andmechanisms." Journalof Communication 56,no. 2 (2006): 235-252.
1 Leonie Huddy, Mason Lilliana, and Aarøe Lene, "Expressive partisanship: Campaign involvement, political emotion, and partisan identity." American Political Science Review 109, no. 01 (2015): pp.4-6
2 Leonie Huddy, Mason Lilliana, and Aarøe Lene, "Expressive partisanship: Campaign involvement, political emotion, and partisan identity…pp.7-8
3 Michael Slater, Rouner Donna and Marilee Long, "Television dramas and support for controversial public policies: Effects and mechanisms." Journal of Communication 56, no. 2 (2006): pp.235-237.
4 Leonie Huddy, Mason Lilliana, and Aarøe Lene, "Expressive partisanship: Campaign involvement, political emotion, and partisan identity…pp.10-12
5 Michael Slater, Rouner Donna and Marilee Long, "Television dramas and support for controversial public policies: Effects and mechanisms…pp.238-240.
6 Michael Slater, Rouner Donna and Marilee Long, "Television dramas and support for controversial public policies: Effects and mechanisms”… pp.243-245.
7 Leonie Huddy, Mason Lilliana, and Aarøe Lene, "Expressive partisanship: Campaign involvement, political emotion, and partisan identity”…pp. 13-14
10 Ibid, 17