Mental Health Case Scenario

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MENTAL HEALTH CASE SCENARIO 1

MentalHealth Case Scenario

DifferentialDiagnoses

One of the mentalconditions that Mrs. J suffers from is generalized anxiety disorderthat affects 3.1% of the US population. This mental condition has thecharacteristics of excessive anxiety about different issuesassociated with life. People suffering from this condition find ithard to control their anxiety. These people expect the worst althoughsometimes there is not obvious reason for their concern. Some of theissues that result with the anxiety include work, family, health,money, and other issues. Diagnosis of GAD is after an individualfinds it difficult to control their anxiety for at least six months(Cuijpers et al., 2014).

The other mentalcondition affecting Mrs. J is depression. The symptoms associatedwith depression include difficulty making decisions, rememberingdetails, and concentration. Decreased energy and fatigue are commonsigns of depression. Individuals suffering from depression also feelhelpless, worthless, and guilt. One of the notable signs and symptomsinclude either excessive sleeping, waking up early in the morning,and insomnia. Depression needs to be treated or it may become lifethreatening. Many people who do not seek medical help due todepression are likely to commit suicide. However, approximately halfthe individuals who experience these symptoms are never diagnosed ortreated for depression (Slavich &amp Irwin, 2014).

The other mentalhealth condition affecting Mrs. J is insomnia, which is a conditionthat makes it hard to sleep. People suffering from insomnia find ithard to sleep, wake up too early, and finds it hard to stay asleep orget back to sleep when they awaken. People who are suffering frominsomnia still feel tired when they wake up. Insomnia saps the energyof patients and this subsequently affects the individuals’ qualityof life, work performance, and their health. The most common symptomsinclude difficulty falling asleep, waking during the night, earlymorning waking, fatigue, and sleepiness during the day, anxiety,depression, irritability, difficulty in concentrating, increasedaccidents and errors, and continuous worry about sleep (Ong et al.,2014).

Intervention

Generalized anxietydisorder is treatable like other mental disorders associated withanxiety. Many patients respond positively to cognitive behavioraltherapy. Cognitive behavioral therapy helps GAD patients in theidentification, understanding, and modifying flawed behavior andthinking patterns. This will help Mrs. J to learn how to control herworry. There are some instances when consumption of medication isnecessary to control the mental condition (Cuijpers et al., 2014).

Intervention fordepression requires various approaches. However, it is important tonote that no single therapy works in all patients since depressionaffects different people differently. However, some approachesinclude psychological treatments such as cognitive behavior therapy,interpersonal therapy, behavior therapy, and mindful-based cognitivetherapy. These psychological therapies ensure that patients ofdepression can identify and deal with the underlying issues thatcause their depression. There are also medical treatments availablefor depression patients such as anti-depressants (Slavich &ampIrwin, 2014).

Insomniainterventions include cognitive behavioral treatments, which includesleep restriction, stimulus control, and relaxation training.Medication is also available for insomnia that include prescriptionmedications and over the counter medications. However, it isimportant for the identification of the insomnia symptoms that apatient is exhibiting to find out the right medications. Medicationsfor insomnia include melatonin receptor agonists, benzodiazepine, andnon-benzodiazepine hypnotics (Ong et al., 2014).

For Mrs. Jconditions to be effectively treated, it is important for theintervention to include various relaxation techniques such asexercise, yoga, and meditation. Some alternative medications help ineasing the symptoms portrayed by Mrs. J and should be included in thetreatment plan.

References

Cuijpers, P., Sijbrandij, M., Koole, S., Huibers, M., Berking, M., &ampAndersson, G. (2014). Psychological treatment of generalized anxietydisorder: a meta-analysis. Clinical Psychology Review, 34(2),130-140.

Ong, J. C., Manber, R., Segal, Z., Xia, Y., Shapiro, S., &amp Wyatt,J. K. (2014). A randomized controlled trial of mindfulness meditationfor chronic insomnia. Sleep, 37(9), 1553.

Slavich, G. M., &amp Irwin, M. R. (2014). From stress toinflammation and major depressive disorder: A social signaltransduction theory of depression. Psychological bulletin,140(3), 774.