Middle age Theories

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Middleage Theories


Therole attainment theory in maternal care health is a process in whicha mother becomes attached to her child and she enjoys everything shedoes to the child (Husmillo,2013).The roles of the mother are affected by the social support that shegets, the experience of birth, health and the separation of a motherfrom the infant during delivery. The role attainment theory createsbonds at pregnancy, birth and at postpartum. According to thistheory, every mother has a unique feeling when embarking on the newroles of taking care of the baby. Such experiences are influenced byher socioeconomic status, age and her health status. The maternalrole attainment theory deals with metaparadigm of nursing in allaspectsthis theory ensures that each patient, say a mother is treateddifferently based on her unique needs. Nursing practices should bearin mind that every expectant mother has unique needs, and this theoryallows the adaptation of each need. Child delivery is not enough tocreate a bond between a mother and the baby. However, several otherfacets are required in order for a mother to achieve her maternalroles. For example, a mother who has delivered a baby but is not in agood health condition will affect the mother-child bonding. Thematernal attainment theory in nursing metaparadigm is important inaddressing the environment of nursing practices.

Inthe parent child interaction model metaparadigm, the issue of child,parent and environment have been stresses. This form of interactionprovided the reflective nature of the environment of the child(Gurwitchetal., 2017).Since the mother child environment factors are interactive, anychanges in one factor affect the other. According to this model, thecues of the child should be encouraged while the environment of themother should be properly taken care of. The transmission of cues,early responses and appropriate interventions are core duties of boththe parent and the child. The parent child interaction model createsreinforcement for the nursing professionals to enhance a positivemother-child interaction from the delivery time.

Similarity:theparent child model and the mother attainment theories can all betailored to meet the needs of the child as well as the mother.


Physicaland mental changes-they create a mixture of feelings such as joy andfulfillment of being a mother. On the other hand, motherhood comesalong with child burden and responsibilities through adjustment ofactivities. The stress burden can negatively affect the growth of thechild due to a low child-mother interaction (Barkin&amp Wisner, 2013).Social support- the mother needs to have social support which in turnimproves her esteem and abilities to take care of the child


Parentaldepression- when a mother is depressed, she might not be able tooffer satisfactory care to the child, which in turn affects the levelof their interaction (Asselmannetal., 2015).Socioeconomic status- when the mother cannot afford the basicmaterials required for taking care of the child, they might beunhappy, conditions which may make them fail to provide adequate careto the child.


Themicrosystem in postparturm care involves the immediate environment ofthe mother and child which affects the maternal roles. Themacrosystem involves the existing prototypes that are found in acertain culture, society or political influence and have effects onthe mother-child interaction. The mesosystem involves the nature ofinteraction which exists due to influences and interaction withenvironment.


Asselmann,E., Wittchen, H. U., Lieb, R., &amp Beesdo-Baum, K. (2015). The roleof the mother–child relationship for anxiety disorders anddepression: results from a prospective-longitudinal study inadolescents and their mothers. Europeanchild &amp adolescent psychiatry,24(4),451-461.

Barkin,J. L., &amp Wisner, K. L. (2013). The role of maternal self-care innew motherhood. Midwifery,29(9),1050-1055.

Gurwitch,R. H., Messer, E. P., &amp Funderburk, B. W. (2017). Parent-ChildInteraction Therapy. In Evidence-BasedTreatments for Trauma Related Disorders in Children and Adolescents(pp. 341-361). Springer International Publishing.

Husmillo,M. (2013). Maternal Role Attainment Theory. InternationalJournal of Childbirth Education,28(2).